Essay, Pages 3 (533 words)
‘Disaster management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters.
The term ‘Disaster’ has been taken from a French word ‘Desastre’ (French ‘des’ means bad and ‘astre’ means star) meaning bad evil star. A disaster whether natural or human induced, is an event which results in widespread human loss. It is accompanied by loss of livelihood and property causing devastating impact on socio-economical conditions.
India is one of the most vulnerable developing countries to sufer from various disasters like-flood, drought, cyclone, landslide, earthquake, forestfire, volcanic erruptions, roits, terrorist attacks etc.
It is an event that is caused by a natural hazard and leads to human, material, economical and environmental losses. They are beyond the control of human beings. Nature provides us with all the resources, but it can be sometimes cruel also.
Some examples of natural disasters are- the 2001 earthquake in Bhuj, Gujarat, the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, the 2008 earthquake in China, the 2007 cyclone in Myanmar. Eg. Floods, Drought, Earthquake, Volcano, Cyclones, Landslides, Avalanches etc.
Man made disasters are caused by human activities such as nuclear explosion, chemical & biological weapons, industrial pollution, war, accidents etc.Some serious destructions caused by humans, which affects the human beings and the socio-economic conditions of that area. For example- the 1984 Bhopal Gas Tragedy, train derailments, serial blasts in Mumbai in 2008 (26/11) etc. Eg, Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Disasters.
It is the discipline of dealing with and avoiding risks. In general it is the continuous process by which all individuals, groups and communities manage hazards in an effort to avoid or minimize the impact of the disasters
resulting from the hazards. It is almost impossible to fully control the damage caused by the disaster, but it is possible to minimize to some extent by these ways-
- By early warning given by MET. department through radio, TV.
- The police control room , fire control officers , the near by RED-cross office and other rescue teams should be informed.
- Spread awareness about disasters and tips to handle them.
- Space technology plays a very important role in efficient mitigation of disasters.
- Major loss of life and property can be avoided with carefull planning along with and effective warning and evacuation procedure.
- We should cooperate with the rescue teams. It is our moral and social duty that we should help in arranging relief camps for those who have suffered.
Role Of Local People In Managing Disasters
- Spread awareness about disasters
- Organise mock camps in their holidays in neighbouring villages to train people to cope up with disasters
- The basic role of students is spreading ‘Awareness’ of what to do during and after disasters. This would lessen the death toll, panicking, paranoid and uncontrollable people running about
- Be a part of emergency rescue team
- A big aspect of disaster management is preparedness
- Students can also provide first aod which would help authorities in saving lives
- Deforestation should be checked
- Buildings should not be built on steep slopes and every construction should follow the Architechtural Parameters.