Role Of Election In Democracy Essay Examples

Role Of Election In Democracy

Power of Election
Words • 1567
Pages • 6
Commission of India to register FIRs and Criminal Complaints The election is one of the most important pillars of Democracy. But nowadays, the process of election is getting contaminated and corrupt and not only this even the candidates are getting enrolled with having a criminal background. It was predicted by Mr. C. Rajagopalachari, 25 years ago wrote in his prison diary: “Elections and their corruption, injustice, and tyranny of wealth, and inefficiency of administration, will make a hell of life…...
IMPORTANCEOFMEDIAANDELECTIONINDEMOCRACY
Words • 778
Pages • 3
IMPORTANCEOFMEDIAANDELECTIONINDEMOCRACY1.INTRODUCTIONThefoundingfathersofourConstitutionconceivedofParliamentarydemocracyasthe politymostsuitedtoIndia'sethos,background,andneeds.Democracyisabasic featureoftheConstitution.1Democracyismeaninglesswithoutafree,neutraland activemedia.Ingeneratingademocraticculturethatextendsbeyondthepolitical systemandbecomesengrainedinthepublicconsciousnessovertime,theroleofthe mediaisvital.Sothemediacarrieswithitaveryhugeresponsibilityinademocratic setupwhichithastofulfillverycarefullywithoutanybiastowardanyonebybringingout therealfactsbeforethepublic.2democracyincreasesthelikelihoodthatnational developmentgoalswillreflectbroadsocietalaspirationsandpriorities.TheConstitutionthusaninstrumenttoachievethegoalofpoliticaldemocracy. Ambedkar'sviews,freeandfairelectionsaretheotherpillaronwhichParliamentary Democracyrests.Mr.Ortiquesaiddemocracyisnota'functionofasingleelectionora singledocument':Itdependsonafreepress.3I.PMasseysaysDemocracyassumesthatwegovernourselves.Freeexpressionis indispensabletotheunfetteredexchangeofideasnecessaryforself-governance. Democracypresumesthatthegovernmentpowerwillbewieldedbydifferenthands overtime.4AmbedkarSays"Ifourtruerepresentativesarenotelected,Independence willbeafarce."5ThepreambletotheConstitutionofIndiaisofgreatsignificancebecauseitisthegrand declarationoftheidealsandobjectiveswhichtheIndianpeoplehavesetbefore themselvesandhavetheambitiontorealize.ThePreambleofIndiaclearlybringstwo1S.RBommaiv.UnionofIndiaAIR1994SC19182Dr.BhartiDas,ImportanceofIndependentMediainDemocracy,Scholar'sVoice:ANewWayofThinking Vol.2,No.1,January-June2011,43-493ActivitiesoftheIPUin2001:AnnualReportoftheSecretary-General',107thConference,Marrakech,March2002,414Massey,AmericanConstitutionalLaw,3rded,(WoltersKluwer,NewYork,)p.7905Ambedkarspeech,Vol3,(NarendraJadhavPublication,pvt.ltd)p.17importantpoints:Firstly,itdeclaresthatthepeoplethemselvesaretheultimatesource ofpowerinthesovereigndemocraticrepublic.TheConstitutionhasbeenframed, enactedadoptedandpromulgatedinthenameofthesovereignpeople.Secondly,the PreambleindicatesthatthedemocraticpolityinIndiashallrestonrestonthefour pillarsofJustice,libertyequalityandfraternity.Electionsconductedatregular, prescribedintervalsareanessentialpartofdemocraticsystemenvisagedbythe Constitution.2.IMPORTANCEOFFREEANDFAIRELECTIONINDEMOCRACY[ORGANISINGFREEANDFAIRELECTIONISMOREIMPORTANTTHANTHATTHERESULTITSELF-FATOSNANO]2.iJusticeV.R.KrishnaIyer"freeandfairelectionsbasedontheadultfranchiseisthe basisofdemocracy". Andverybasicinstitutionfordemocraticinstitutions andalsoan integralpartoftheIndianpoliticalandsocialsystem.Fordemocracytosurvivetherule oflawmustprevailanditisnecessarythatthebestavailablemenshouldbechosenas people'srepresentativesforpropergovernanceofthecountryandforthebestavailable mentobechosenaspeople'srepresentatives,electionsmustbefreeandfairand conductedinanatmospherewheretheelectorsareabletoexercisetheirfranchise accordingtotheirownfreewill.Thus,freeandfairelectionsformthebedrockof democracy.Thesmoothconductoftheelectionprocessistheprimaryrequirementofa healthydemocracy.ToensurethisSupremeCourtlaiddownthreecomponentsa)aset ofelectorallaw&rulesacceptedthroughthecountrybythepoliticalcommunity.b) thereshouldbeanIndependentJudiciarytointerprettheelectorallawc)honest& independentcommissiontoruntheelection.2.a.FundamentalPrinciplesofElections2.a.ia)Thereisonegeneralelectoralrollforeveryterritorialconstituency.Constitution abolishesseparateelectoratesandcommunalrepresentationwhichdividedtheIndian people.b)Nopersonisineligibleforinclusionintheelectoralrollonthegroundsonlyof religion,race,caste,sexoranyofthem.Equalityhasthusbeenaccordedtoeachcitizen inthematteroffranchiseandtheelectoralrollispreparedonasecularbasis. c)No personcanclaimtobeincludedinanyspecialelectoralrollforanyconstituencyonthe groundsonlyreligion,race,caste,sex,oranyofthem.d)Theelectionisheldonthebasesofadultsuffrage.e)Noreservationofseatshas beenmadeinanycommunity,sectionorreligiousgroupoftheIndianpopulationexcept fortheSC,ST,andAnglo-Indians.2.b.RoleofElectionCommissionofIndia2.b.iTheroleoftheElectionCommissioninconductingthefreeandfairpollinIndiaand itsnecessityforthesuccessofdemocracyanditshallbeanindependentagencyfreefromexternal pressuresfrom thepartyinpowerortheexecutiveoftheday.2.b.iiArt.324,"thesuperintendence,direction,andcontrolofelectionstobevestedin anElectionCommission".clause(1)saystheconductofelectionstoParliamentandto LegislaturepfeverystateandtotheofficeofPresidentandVice-president.Clause(2) contemplatesastatutetodefinetheconditionsofserviceoftheCECandtheECs. Clause(4)saystheappointmentofRegionalCommissioner.Clause(5)conditionand serviceoftheECandRC.Clause(6)Commissioner'spowertorequisitionstafffor pollingduties.2.b.iiiECI'SV.AshokKumar12thecourtheldthat'superintendence,direction&control' arewideamplitude.Itincludesallthepowersnecessaryforthesmoothandeffective conductofelectionssothatthewillofthepeoplemaybeexpressed.Thecommission shouldexerciseitspowerofcancelingapollaccordingtotheprinciplesofNatural Justice. RoopLalSathiv.NachhattarSingh14symbolsorderis"inthenatureofgeneral directionsissuedbytheElectionCommissiontoregulatethemodeofallotmentof symbolstothecontestingcandidates"2.b.ivPowersconferredbyArt.324aresubjectedtoJudicialReview.DigvijayMotev.U OI15a)WhereitiscontrarytotheenactedunderArt.327b)Iftheorderisarbitraryor malafideorUnfairc)ifit'swithoutorinexcessofthecommission'sjurisdictionor beingincontraventionofanyelectorallawortheRulesmadethereunderbycompetent LegislatureoranyprovisionoftheConstitutionitself.d)particulardirectionof commissionisapprovedbytheGovernment.Sothecommissioncan'tgoaheadwithout approval.2.b.vIndiaisaconstitutionaldemocracywithaparliamentarysystemofgovernment,andattheheartofthesystemisacommitmenttoholdregular,free&fairelections3.IMPORTANCEOFMEDIAINELECTION3.iThenewspaperisaneyeforacitizeninDemocracy. Afreepressisasaparliamentaryfreelyelectedbythepeopleoranindependentjudiciary. Thepolitical scenariosofthecountrywerereflectedinthenewspaperswhichultimatelypavedthe wayforstrengtheningthedemocracy.MontesquieuthefamousFrenchpolitical philosophersaidtheabuseormisuseofpowercanbedeterredbypublicity.Media increasesthevoiceofthepublic.3.(ii)Electionsconstituteabasicchallengetothemedia,puttingitsimpartialityand objectivitytothetest.Thetaskofthemedia,shouldnotfunctionasamouthpiecefor anygovernmentbodyoraparticularcandidate.21Candidatesandpartiesusethemass mediaforcampaigningthroughpaidpoliticaladvertising,televiseddebates,useof socialmediaandusefinancialresourcesonmediaforcampaigns.…...
Elections and democracy
Words • 1555
Pages • 6
QUESTION 1; 1. Do you think elections can be a good measure of democracy? Discuss this statement in relation to elections recently held in African countries you are familiar with. INTRODUCTION The year 2011 experienced serious levels of political activities in Africa such as political upheavals, middle-east uprisings and elections in many countries. Most Islamic nations rose against their long-ruling leaders, hence saw the ousted of Egyptian Hosni Mubarak and the killing of Muamar Gaddafi after a six-month war between…...
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Why Elections Are Bad for Democracy
Words • 1098
Pages • 4
So, the question asks are elections helpful for democracies? When I evaluate this question, I immediately consider the word democracy and the type of democracy that is executed within the U.S. The site "whatisdemocracy.net" explains democracy as the government by the people. The site likewise explains how individuals ought to be able to have their say in one method or another in whatever that affects their lives. Which Is why democracy is either direct (by every member of a neighborhood…...
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Why Elections Are Bad for Democracy

...In terms of the correlation between representative democracies versus the election process in the U.S., I will say that we are not really as representative of a democracy as people think we are. According to 1215.org the United States is a mixture of...
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