On March 15th, 2011, the Syrian Civil war began when pro-democratic protests erupted throughout Syria. These protests were designed to take down President of Syria Bashar al-Assad. Since then, countries have brutally suffered, families have been torn apart, and hundreds of thousands of deaths lay untouched. Syrian civilians have turned into refugees spread across Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt, and Iraq. More than 5.6 million Syrians have fled the country as refugees and another 6.2 million still stand in Syria. The civil war began after a conflict broke out in 2011 “after a forceful crackdown on on peaceful student protests against the government of Bashar al-Assad.
” Syria has committed harsh war crimes and actions that violate international agreements and civilians. Throughout the war, President Assad was accused of a substantial amount of chemical attacks in Syria “since September 2013, when the president signed the international Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and agreed to destroy the country’s chemical weapons stockpile.” Since all of these events have taken place, many public areas in Syria such as hospitals, schools, and sanitation systems have shut down leaving millions of families homeless and displaced in and out of Syria.
In present day Syria, humanitarian access is limited and 2.9 million people still remain in areas where aid is not regularly supplied. “The United Nations (UN) identified 13.5 million Syrians requiring humanitarian assistance, of which more than 6 million are internally displaced within Syria, and around 5 million are refugees outside of Syria.” Syrians are constantly attempting to leave their homes due to violence, collapsed infrastructure, and endangered children.
Right now, Turkey holds the greatest amount of Syrian refugees with a population of 3.6 million people since December, 2018. The UN Refugee Agency identifies Syria, Yemen, and Iraq as the “emergencies” in the Middle east due to ongoing wars and an expanding refugee crisis. Out of these three countries, Syria is the biggest issue.
On December, 11. 2018, United States Agencies and NGO partners released the 2019-2020 Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) which is a 5.5 billion dollar plan designed to support national efforts in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt, and Iraq. The neighboring countries have been extremely generous in hosting large amounts of refugee populations along with offering support and protection. “Life-saving humanitarian aid for Syrian refugees, helping the most vulnerable with cash for medicine and food, stoves and fuel for heating, insulation for tents, thermal blankets and winter clothing. For those who have been displaced but remain in Syria, we provide shelter kits and non-food items as well as protection services and psychosocial support.” Additionally, Germany has proposed to accept 800,000 Syrians but other countries are not as involved. In order to save the Syrians from the destruction of the war, countries like Britain, France, the US and more need to step up their game.
As a representative of Syria, the main solution should be for Syrians to return back to Syria in order to resolve all conflicts. Although the countries like Lebanon, Turkey, and Jordan are all very supportive in providing aid to the civilians, it is only right for Syria to hold their own people. Since the the start of the Syrian Civil War, Syria has managed to regain control and plans on rebuilding the country as a whole. “The government currently controls over 61 percent of Syria, compared to early 2017, when it held just 17 percent, according to the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which closely monitors the conflict.” Getting too many other countries and nations involved is not only going to look bad for Syria, but it is also wasting a lot of time and money for the supporting countries. On July 3rd, 2018, the Syrian government called for all refugees to return “saying it has successfully cleared large areas of ‘terrorists.’” President Assad even discusses the fact that any area and family in Syria that is controlled by the state is being aided and taken care of. President Assad even states, “If we talk about emotions, I belong to this people; and it is self-evident that I have the same feelings my people have. Any scene of suffering is painful to all of us as Syrians. But as an official, the question for me is less about emotions than about what I, as an official, should do, being responsible before my people.” President Assad should have a say as to whether his civilians should return or not. Given his confident and well-spoken response, it is clear that he knows what should come next.
While people may believe that Assad is an vicious and unreliable president, the claims people have against him are even more unreliable and potentially false. On April 4th, 2017, there was a chemical weapon attack that killed close to one hundred people. President Assad was openly blamed by many people even though there is evidence to back him up. The first question that should be brought up is weren’t all the chemical weapons in Syria destroyed by the Obama administration in 2014? Months later in July, Secretary of State John Kerry reminded everyone that ‘We struck a deal where we got 100 percent of the chemical weapons out.’” If this is true, it is very unlikely that Assad was able to get his hands on Syrian weapons in the first place. “It makes little sense for Assad to engage in chemical warfare against non military targets that would draw the condemnation of the international community.” Being the president, Assad knew that doing something as big as chemical attacks would bring more problems to Syria. This proves that it would be too detrimental for him to commit such an act, disapproving the claims made by other countries. Because Assad has power over Syria, all Syrian refugees should return back to the country their daily lives as it should be.