Remedial phonics teaches students to break words down into “phonemes” or speech sounds, the smallest units of spoken language. Students must learn to recognize phonemes and their corresponding letter combinations to the point where it becomes automatic. This requires a lot of drill and practice in two directions: auditory to visual, and visual to auditory. In auditory drills, students might listen to the phoneme and write down the corresponding letter. In visual drills, they might practice recognizing letters and sounding them out.
Teaching students to recognize and use different types of syllable is another crucial element in a remedial phonics program. A key skill in learning to read is dividing longer words into syllables. Once students have mastered the basic phonemes, they are ready for a more advanced study of morphology, which breaks down words into their smallest units of meaning. These units, called “morphemes” include affixes, base words and roots. Syntax (formal grammar) and reading comprehension strategies are also taught.
Traditional classroom teaching tends to emphasize auditory and visual learning, but does not give students much opportunity to use touch or movement in acquiring new information and skills. Remedial phonics instruction must utilize all three learning pathways simultaneously–auditory, visual and kinesthetic-tactile. READER’S LOGIC: Intensive phonics instruction is widely regarded as the best remedial approach for students who have difficulty learning to read and spell. This is especially true of intelligent children who are less sensitive to the speech sounds that make up words, or who may have difficulty with visual processing.
There are no quick fixes, but with the right instruction these students can learn to read and write as well as anybody. Elementary Reading Help: Reading Aloud to your 3rd and 4th Graders AUTHOR’S LOGIC: Reading is a basic focus and receives a lot of attention in class, but there isn’t enough time in the school day to reinforce all the skills your child is expected to master. Elementary school students benefit from any outside help they can get to help them master the fundamentals of reading. Parents can help by reading aloud with their students. Reading aloud encourages students to practice reading skills like clear enunciation.
It can allow parents to monitor their third and fourth grader’s reading. Best of all, reading aloud can help bring your family together. Many families have a hard time developing, and sticking to, a reading schedule. But the sessions don’t need to be long. You can build it into the bedtime ritual. It’s a great time for you and your student to bond and relax before going to sleep at the end of a hectic day. If you have more than one child, try reading with each child separately. This gives children the chance to read at their own pace and ability and creates a special time for just the two of you.
Parents can create a reading ritual very early in a child’s life. In fact, within the first few months of life, an infant can watch pictures and listen to your voice as you read. You can help your baby or toddler with word recognition by pointing at an object as you say the object’s name. Have your child follow along with the words using their pointer finger. By reading together, you can select works that are slightly beyond their current reading skill level. Helping your child with words and concepts they don’t understand will build their vocabulary.
It’s a great way to foster growth without the pressure of assignments that comes with school lessons, which can be discouraging. Letting your child read something they like is the best way to help them see the value of learning to read. After finishing your reading, make sure to leave ample time to discuss the story afterward. This will help you determine if your elementary school student is comprehending the stories and strengthening their reading skills. Ask questions during the reading so you can reread any parts of the story your child has missed. Let your child quiz you as well.
This will keep him or her involved in the story. READER’S LOGIC: One of the best things a family can do to promote reading is to read books to each other, aloud. Read on to learn how to start a family reading program that will be beneficial to your elementary school student. Making the Home a Reading-friendly Place AUTOR’S LOGIC: One of the most important things a parent can do to create friendly learning environment is to ensure their children have access to all of the necessary materials. Parents should stock paper, pencils, pens, crayons, and markers in an area their child has access to.
Additionally, make sure there is a table where your child is comfortable drawing and writing. Alphabet and word magnets can help foster creativity in children. The magnets allow children to learn their alphabet, spell out words and write sentences. A variety of age-appropriate books is also important in creating a reading-friendly household. Parents should aim to expose their children to numerous writing styles and resources. For example, a parent of a small child should have at least one alphabet book, several rhyme books, picture books, and books of short stories.
Each type of book will help your child develop the skills he or she needs to become a well-rounded reader and provides your child with the freedom and opportunity to explore reading on his or her own. You and your child can expand reading options by visiting your local library or book stores regularly. Take your child when you go to the library and bookstore to expose him or her to all of the reading possibilities that are available to children of their age. Supplying a child with reading and writing supplies is not enough by itself. Parents should read with their children at home.
It is recommended that parents read with their child several times a week. Reading together will encourage your child to explore this skill on their own. Additionally, it is the parent’s opportunity to teach basic reading skills. Start reading to your child as soon as possible, even when they are still infants. This will help you develop the habit and skill of reading aloud. Reading to a baby and toddler will also help them with word recognition and vocabulary. Parents are also encouraged to help children learn the alphabet and how to properly write the letters of the alphabet.
Expanding a child’s vocabulary and verbal communication skills will encourage them to improve reading. Try to teach your child several new words each week and show him or her how to use them in a sentence. Parents should also encourage their kids to talk about their day and various experiences like parties and field trips. Doing this will help a child learn how to convey thoughts and how a story is formatted. Reading your own books, magazines and newspapers also helps to create a reading-friendly household. This is because you are setting an excellent example for your children.
Youngsters often copy their parents’ actions, so reading on your free time will encourage them to do this action as well. Children will fail to value reading if their parents never take the time to read! READER’S LOGIC: Parents should strive to create a nurturing household. One aspect of a nurturing environment is making the home an environment that welcomes reading. Read on to learn more about making your home a reading friendly place. In order for a child to excel at school, he or she must be exposed to pre-reading and reading skills in their home.
Many parents are unsure exactly what type of activities to implement in order to create a reading-friendly house environment. Working with your Child to Develop Stronger Math Skills AUTHOR’S LOGIC: Be sure your young learner has a mastery of creating the numerals in writing. It’s a separate skill. Some children can count and even add large numbers in their head or with props from a very young age, but have difficulty when it comes to working it out on paper. Games are a great way to build understanding. In school math can be just another subject.
Building a recognizable link between school work and daily life is crucial to education. You can get board games, computer games, online games, or you can just make adding or sequence games up as you ride along in your car. Find math in the kitchen, in the garden, in the play room. Number games make counting and working with numbers a fun part of life instead of a daunting required subject. Understanding spatial relationships is an often underestimated but fundamental skill. Just making a letter fit on the line involves the ability to estimate and work with space. Measuring furniture, floor space, the distance from the bedroom to the bathroom are all great exercises.
You can work with inches and feet, and convert from one to the other. In time you’ll be able to explore the metric system and begin measuring volume. This will help give your child a sense of how things fit together and how to work with the numbers that describe those relationships. The math children use in school is just a formal application of all kinds of daily experiences. When a child makes that realization, a light will go on and he’ll become curious. When curiosity sets in, learning becomes fun. When learning becomes fun there’s no stopping it!
A child who struggles with math at school doesn’t need constant drilling of specific problems. He needs varied experiences that allow him to work with numbers in a hands on way. When he has the concepts woven into his perspective, he’ll be better equipped to handle the formal arithmetic he encounters in the classroom. READER’S LOGIC: Math skills develop from every day life experiences long before they are formalized in the classroom. From writing the numerals correctly to grasping basic math facts, you can help your child develop math skills according to their natural ability and learning style.
Children develop math skills at different rates and in different ways. A common problem is that a child has trouble remembering math problems no matter how many times they review them. It’s important to stimulate a child’s mind in various ways to reach him as an individual and build a connection between his mind and the material he needs to master in school. Here are some ways to approach the teaching of math and things to watch for that take into account the varied rates of development in different children. Teaching Reading to Older Kids Who Have Learning Disabilities AUTHOR’S LOGIC:
Short vowels usually occur before one or more consonants when in closed syllables. Students can be taught to read the syllables and then to spell them in longer, age-appropriate vocabulary. Once they have six or seven syllable types under their belts, students can chunk sequences of letters together, recognize them visually as a unit and understand spelling patterns. As syllable recognition develops, students can learn more about prefixes, root words and suffixes, to the point where they can link meaning with the spelling components of the new words they encounter. Some learning-disabled readers struggle with word retrieval.
That means they don’t develop word sufficient word recognition. Quick speed drills can develop automatic recognition of syllables and words and phrases. In one drill, a student will read several lines of easily confused syllables, such as pre, pro and per. Other methods include taking turns with a passage in a group setting, reading along with a tape-recording, reading an assigned part in of a play and rereading familiar text. Teachers use new words as often as possible in classroom conversation and reward students for noticing, or if the student uses the word outside of class.
Students are taught to use context, root words, word origins to figure out word meanings. In the best case, word study will linked to class subjects. READER’S LOGIC: Learning disabled students struggle with math and reading, but socially they can be as developed as their classmates. Age appropriate settings and methods help older students who struggle with learning disabilities to acquire the math and reading skills they lack. Techniques for teaching older kids to overcome their reading disabilities enables students to learn in an environment appropriate to their age and social development.
Students who progress in reading at a normal rate can read most of the words in their daily vocabulary by 4th or 5th grade. After that, new words come at the rate of several thousand new words per year, primarily through reading. Most older readers who suffer learning disabilities are exposed to more spoken words than they can read. Older students have to overcome a huge vocabulary deficit before they can get beyond the 5th grade reading level. The following are three common areas where older reading-disabled students tend to struggle, along with methods employed to teach them what they need to excel beyond the limits of their disability.
Subject: Learning disability,
University/College: University of Chicago
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 17 October 2016
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