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Reactants Lab Essay

Aspect 1: Problem: What type of chemical reactions occurs when different reactants are mixed?

Variables: Manipulated: Combination of reactants

Responding: Type of Chemical Reaction

Controlled: 1. Same amount of reactants used (1 piece for solid’s, 4 drops for liquid’s)

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2. Spot plate is washed before reactants are mixed

3. Same amount of time substance is allowed for chemical reaction to occur (15s)

4. Because data is qualitative, observations will be made by the same person.

Aspect 2: Controlling Variables: The same amount of reactants being used will be controlled by using the same amount of reactants in each reaction (1 piece for solid’s, 4 drops for liquids).

Spot plate will be washed before each chemical reaction (using the water from the squeeze bottle) to ensure no residue is left from previous reaction.

Observations will be made 15 seconds after the chemical raction. Time will be kept using a watch.

The same person will make qualitative observations, to ensure that observations are kept consistent.

Aspect 3: Materials:

> Spot Plate

> Forceps

> Squeeze Bottle filled with water

> Toothpick

List of Reactants

Fig. 1.1

Reactant

Chemical Formula

aluminum (s)

Al (s)

copper (II) chloride (aq)

CuCl2 (aq)

barium hydroxide (aq)

Ba(OH)2 (aq)

sulphuric acid (aq)

H2SO4 (aq)

chlorine (aq)

Cl2 (aq)

sodium bromide (aq)

NaBr (aq)

zinc (s)

Zn (s)

copper (II) sulphate (aq)

CuSO4 (aq)

hydrochloric acid (aq)

HCl (aq)

magnesium hydroxide (aq)

Mg(OH)2 (aq)

calcium chloride (aq)

CaCl2 (aq)

sodium carbonate (aq)

Na2CO3 (aq)

calcium (s)

Ca (s)

water (l)

H2O (l)

sodium acetate (aq)

C2H3NaO2 (aq)

magnesium (s)

Mg (s)

sodium hydroxide (aq)

NaOH (aq)

cobalt chloride (aq)

CoCl2 (aq)

List of Chemical Reactions

Fig. 1.2

Reactant 1

Reactant 2

sulphuric acid (aq)

barium hydroxide (aq)

hydrochloric acid (aq)

magnesium hydroxide (aq)

calcium (s)

water (l)

hydrochloric acid (aq)

sodium acetate (aq

zinc (s)

copper (II) sulphate (aq)

cobalt chloride (aq)

sodium hydroxide (aq)

magnesium (s)

hydrochloric acid (aq)

sodium bromide (aq)

chlorine (aq)

aluminum (s)

copper (II) chloride (aq)

Procedure:

1. Wash spot plate thoroughly with water from squeeze bottle.

2. Choose a combination of reactants from Fig. 1.1

3. Write down physical properties of reactants.

4. Mix reactants. Record observations.

5. Wash spot plate thoroughly, making sure reactants fall into a waste bucket.

6. Repeat steps 1-4 using all the other combinations

Data Collection and Processing (DCP)

Aspect 1: Observation Chart of Chemical Reactions

Fig. 1.3

Reactant 1

Chemical Formula

Reactant 2

Chemical Formula

Pr-reaction observation

Post-reaction observation

sulphuric acid (aq)

H2SO4 (aq)

barium hydroxide (aq)

Ba(OH)2 (aq)

Two transparent liquids

Milky-white substance. Gas bubbles form.

hydrochloric acid (aq)

HCl (aq)

magnesium hydroxide (aq)

Mg(OH)2 (aq)

Transparent liquids

Transparent liquid

hydrochloric acid (aq)

HCl (aq)

sodium acetate (aq)

C2H3NaO2 (aq)

Transparent liquids

Transparent liquid

calcium (s)

Ca (s)

water (l)

H2O (l)

Flaky-white solid, and transparent liquid

Calcium dissolves a bit in water. A few gas bubbles

zinc (s)

Zn (s)

copper (II) sulphate (aq)

CuSO4 (aq)

Grey rocky solid, with bluish liquid

Gas bubbles form on zinc

cobalt chloride (aq)

CoCl2 (aq)

magnesium hydroxide (aq)

Mg(OH)2 (aq)

Red liquid and clear liquid

Pinkish-purple substance. Gas bubbles form

magnesium (s)

Mg (s)

hydrochloric acid (aq)

HCl (aq)

Silver, lustrous metal and transparent liquid

Gas bubbles form on magnesium

sodium bromide (aq)

NaBr (aq)

chlorine (aq)

Cl2 (aq)

Transparent liquids

Transparent liquid

aluminum (s)

Al (s)

copper (II) chloride (aq)

CuCl2 (aq)

Lustrous rock and blue liquid

Gas bubbles form on aluminum

Aspect 2: Processing Data

Chemical Reactants and Products Equations Balanced

H2SO4(aq) + Ba(OH)2(aq) –> BaSO4(s) + 2HO2(l)(Double Replacement Reaction)

Mg(OH)2 (s) + 2 HCl (aq) — > MgCl2 (s) + 2H2O (l)(Neutralization Reaction)

NaC2H3O2 (aq) + HCl (aq) –> HC2H3O2 (aq) + NaCl (aq) (Double Replacement Reaction)

Ca (s) + 2HOH (l) –>Ca(OH)2 (aq) + H2(g)(Single Replacement Reaction)

CuSO4 (aq) + Zn (s) —> ZnSO4 (aq) + Cu (s)(Single Replacement Reaction)

CoCl2 (aq) + 2NaOH (aq) –>2 NaCl (aq) + Co(OH)2 (aq)(Double Replacement Reaction)

Mg (s) + 2HCl (aq) –> MgCl2 (aq) + H2 (s)(Single Replacement Reaction)

Cl2 (aq) + 2NaBr (aq) –> 2NaCl (aq) + Br2 (l) (Single Replacement Reaction)

2Al (s) + 3CuCl2 (aq) –> 2AlCl3 (aq) + 3Cu (s) (Single Replacement Reaction)

Aspect 3: Reactants, Products, and Types of Reaction Chart

Reactant 1

Reactant 2

Product

Type of Reaction

H2SO4(aq)

Ba(OH)2(aq)

BaSO4(s) + HO2(l)

Double Replacement

Mg(OH)2 (s)

HCl (aq)

MgCl2 (s) + H2O (l)

Neutralization Reaction

NaC2H3O2 (aq)

HCl (aq)

HC2H3O2 (aq) + NaCl (aq)

Double Replacement

Ca (s)

HOH (l)

Ca(OH)2 (aq) + H2(g)

Single Replacement

CuSO4 (aq)

Zn (s)

ZnSO4 (aq) + Cu (s)

Single Replacement

CoCl2 (aq)

NaOH (aq

NaCl (aq) + Co(OH)2 (aq)

Double Replacement

Mg (s)

HCl (aq)

MgCl2 (aq) + H2 (s)

Single Replacement

Cl2 (aq)

NaBr (aq)

2NaCl (aq) + Br2 (l)

Single Replacement

Al (s)

CuCl2 (aq)

AlCl3 (aq) + Cu (s)

Single Replacement

Conclusion and Evaluation (CE)

Aspect 1: Conclusion: In this experiment we discovered three types of chemical reactions, Single and Double Replacement reactions, along with Neutralization Reaction. Referring to Data in Aspect 2 & 3 of Data Collection and Processing, we can see there were 5 single replacement reactions, and 4 double replacement reactions (one of which was a neutralization reaction). The reactions involving an element and a compound were all single replacement reactions, and the reaction involving two compounds were double replacements (which included a neutralization reaction).

Aspect 2: Evaluate the Procedure: A problem with this procedure is that it doesn’t explore all types of chemical reactions. Also, try as one may, it is sometimes difficult to get the residue of a substance off the spot plate. This tampers with results.

Aspect 3 Improving Experimental Design: A few more reactions should be added where simple composition and decomposition are shown. Also, using the Bunsen burner, a reaction should be added where hydrocarbon combustion is shown.

Disposable spot plates should be used, to ensure that residue left by previous reactants and reactions, do not tamper with results.

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Reactants Lab. (2017, Nov 17). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/reactants-lab-essay

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