Public Governance and Public Workforce Essay
Public Governance and Public Workforce
There is a popular modern day term about how the world is moving towards becoming a mere global village because the bridges that connects one country and one culture from the other continuous to grow and multiply. There are many socio-political and socio-economic factors and reasons why countries are not fully capable of making a particular country exclusive to one’s native people.
Since the earliest accounts of the prehistoric humans, one of the main characteristics of individuals is mobility, and even today, there are still many reasons why people would opt to go to one country and leave his or her place of birth. Because of the movement of these people from one country to another, it is not surprising at all that a country populated by different immigrants from different parts of the world like the United States experience a state of cultural diversity, whether it was intended or not, tolerated or otherwise.
This paper will discuss the presence and significance of cultural diversity in the United Sates, particularly the presence of cultural diversity in the public sector, including the institution of public governance and the presence of cultural diversity in public as well as private offices in the United States. It will also discuss why the presence of cultural significance, despite what critics view as the source of significant negative effects to the overall American society, is an important and largely beneficial characteristic of the American society.
The US is experiencing a growth in population with diverse cultures, and it is not about to stop very soon, as experts believe that on the contrary, the cultural diversity will be propelled by the increased group of people in the US in the future. “Not only will there be many more people calling this country home, but also the differences among them will be much more marked, visible and complex (Moore, 2000, p. 1).
” Groups of people would assimilate themselves with their kind, each forming their own small groups based on their race, ancestry, culture and tradition so that they have a group to share this experience with. But sooner or later this, cultural manifestation will spill towards other groups, and cultures will overlap because of human interaction like friendship and marriage, and eventually cultural diversity will characterize and dominate the social features of a particular country or place. The cause of cultural diversity
Mankind’s mobility and the instinct to move from one place to another in order to answer to the most primeval instinct of self preservation and survival is one of the most important reasons why people end up in foreign land. They move away and settle in a foreign country because they want to live, and exiling themselves in a country which is not their home is more appealing compared to the prospect of dying in one’s home country. This is because of war, because of genocide, because of famine and hunger, because of poor living conditions, because of the lack of opportunity to earn and make the most out of one’s self.
Immigrants coming to the US who all contributed to the cultural diversity may point to one or more of the abovementioned reasons why they left their home country. Mexicans who are crossing the border find the US a source of a better life; African kids settle here because they were adopted by childless American couples who want to give these children a fighting chance at living; Asian workers and students flock to the US because of the belief that here, there is a better hope for a good job and the educational experience an make someone very competitive globally.
When all of these individuals live and mingle with the already diverse American population, either they will find a way to coexist peacefully together and learn to tolerate and appreciate other cultures, or the more powerful group of people will force the inferior group of people out of the community, or make them marginalized. When the different cultures managed to find a way to peacefully coexist, the positive attributes of cultural diversity would start to manifest.
One of the positive impacts of cultural diversity is how it manifests itself in the state of acceptance of cultural diversity in the field of public governance and public office, as well as the integration of the people responsible for the cultural diversity into the different folds holding together the US workforce. Cultural diversity in public governance U. S. politics is characterized by the presence of cultural diversity, particularly in public governance.
“Although cultural diversity may foster misunderstandings and xenophobia, and demographic diversity may give rise to social problems such as sexism, racism and classism, diversity has the potential to produce positive results as well (Schneider, Gruman, Coutts, 2005, p. 344). ” Arnold Schwarzenegger is perhaps one of the best examples of cultural diversity and how cultural diversity can work favorably and positively in social processes that involve public governance, like election.
An Austrian bodybuilder, Schwarzenegger hardly spoke any English when he first came to America in search of a better life. After several years that included a successful career in bodybuilding in the country and an equally successful stint in Hollywood as one of the top action heroes of the American silverscreen during the twentieth century, Schwarzenegger would go on to campaign for the support and the vote of the very diverse (culture-wise) California electorate.
McLoyd, Hill and Dodge (2005) noted that there is a “remarkable cultural diversity of families in the United States (McLoyd, et. al. , 2005, p. 259). ” But this did not factor in the elections since the very diverse electorate nonetheless managed to successfully exercise the process of election and named the governor they wanted for them, despite cultural differences and diversity.
It turns out that the American voters of California were willing to give an individual with European decent a chance to rule a place which can represent many different parts of the world since California is one of the places that immigrants go to, and this maybe representative of the situation in places wherein people with different cultural background nonetheless wins the support and confidence of the public. Schwarzenegger’s victory in the election (twice) was a testament that in the United States, cultural diversity is social phenomenon that can be characterized as more positive than negative.
Schwarzenegger is not alone, nor was he the first or the last of the people who make the most out of the presence of cultural diversity in the United States and enjoys the positive impact to the society of cultural diversity. Public governance is not negatively affected by the presence of cultural diversity and this is proven by the United States. On the contrary, it was because of the presence of cultural diversity that public governance in the country featured the presence of political leaders from other countries who nonetheless served the United States with distinction.
Because of the positive impact of cultural diversity in public governance, there are efforts being made by the government to ensure that the country remains very amenable to the presence of cultural diversity. The government can continue to make the most out of cultural diversity by extracting from this feature some positive things that can make the country a better country. There are different proofs that illustrate the presence and preservation of cultural diversity in public governance.
First, there are many local and national leaders whose roots, lineage and origin are varying – there are those with European-American descent as well as Native Indian American ancestry while some trace their roots to the African American roots; others have Asian ancestry while others came from different tribes, ethnic or aboriginal ancestries. The American people has elected several times people who display varying ethnicities and ancestry that exemplifies the characteristic of the public governance as being culturally diverse, starting with the cultural diversity of its leaders that hold office and govern local, state and federal offices.
The government continues to ensure that no laws should be passed that can hinder the political progress of individuals with different ethnicity so that the US can continue to enjoy the level of public governance that people coming from different cultural background can provide. There are hardly any unreasonable restrictions that can hinder a person from winning the post for public governance, and if the public believes that he or she is deserving, the presence of cultural diversity does not in any way act as a difficult hindrance. The due processes of social systems like election and public governance by elected leaders are impeded.
On the contrary, groups hailing from different ethnic background present in the US and contributing to the cultural diversity are always very eager to participate in the election of the qualified leader and are always included in the group of people who clamor for the victory of the candidate they believe to be the most effective ruler. Another important facet of the characteristic of cultural diversity in the public governance is the fact that local, state and national government put importance in the occasions that feature the undertaking and celebration of festivities and other activities that celebrate cultural diversity.
The tolerance, as well as the support of local, state, national and federal government to the festivities and celebrations the origins of which are not American but can be Asian, African, European etc. , proves that the public governance system in the United States is not just culturally diverse but are making efforts. The US society stays culturally diverse through the efforts of different institutions, led by the institutions that represent public governance and public office.
Cultural diversity and how it positively affects public governance can also be best seen in the tolerance and extending of support of the government leaders in projects that involve the creation and maintenance of establishments that represent cultural diversity. The mere fact that the government does not move to stop and close establishments that help make the presence of a particular culture alive in a particular place is a very good indicator about the positive effect of cultural diversity in the social mindset of both the elected government officials as well as the public.
Cultural diversity in the workforce in the public and private offices Public, or government offices, is one of the important aspects of the society where cultural diversity is best displayed. Public offices manned by people who are not elected by the voting public, which are earned through appointment, use as a system of appointment that protects the interests of qualified individuals who cannot be bypassed because of ethnicity or race. The same system goes for the hiring of employees by private companies and offices.
Cultural diversity is protected by the government and they do this by ensuring that people from different cultural and ethnic backgrounds are provided with a chance to find jobs to sustain themselves here in the country. Government agencies and government-instituted laws like the Equal Employment Opportunity fights off bigotry and racism and protects the presence of a healthy and productive state of cultural diversity in the society by guaranteeing that no qualified individual is marginalized or is regarded unfair treatment during employment interviews and assessment.
It is largely because of their cultural and ethnic background. Public governance focused in the cultural diversity issue in the workforce should always be aware of the issues and be competent enough to resolve them immediately. The country should work towards improving and sustaining a society favorable to ethnic and cultural diversity, so that it will not suffer some of its problems in the past like human rights and labor issues that go along with poor outlook and attitude before on cultural diversity, like the experience of Chinese workers in the US before.
“Chinese ethnic enclave has lower wages, higher turnover and less promotional opportunities than workers in other labor market segments (Guest, Kwong, 2001, p. 256). ” The importance of cultural diversity Cultural diversity is important for many different reasons. It is socially important because it allows for the continuation of culture and tradition by a group of people who migrated and settled in a foreign land which is not the land of their birth and the origin of the culture and tradition that they practice.
It is important because it allows people from different cultural origins to share their cultures with each other. But this is sometimes difficult and arduous, but countries like the US has shown how the designing and implementing of a sound cultural diversity training can make things better and can help in maximizing the productivity of a culturally diverse community. “Cultural diversity training is designed to create an understanding of different cultural groups (Joseph, 1995, p. 87).
” This training is an effort that encompasses several different sections of the society, beginning in the institution that provides learning and education to the individuals of the society, since school is the first institution that can help shape the outlook of an individual about cultural diversity. “Student expectations toward each other are very important in how children begin to form perceptions of their own competence and in forming cross-cultural attitudes (DeVillar, et. al. , 1994, p. 192). ”
It is important because the interaction of one culture to another influences the growth and change that makes a particular culture suitable in the present situation. “The diversity among people in the United States as described here is further complicated by the addition of many demographic variables that cut across each of these ethnic/cultural groupings (Echemendia, 2004, p. 1). ” These demographic variables focused on cultural differences provide the avenue so that people can learn and grow by interacting with individuals who are different from them, culture-wise.
Through cultural diversity, the society can expect changes that can provide a positive turn for social issues and problems that only the alteration of human behavior, outlook and practice can remedy, like ageism for example. “A potentially positive outcome of the increasing cultural diversity in the United States is that the dominant cultural values of other foster ageism may be challenged by cultural values of other groups (Miller, 2008, p. 6).
” Through the presence of cultural diversity people from different cultural background are directly or indirectly taught about tolerance and acceptance of the features of other cultures. Cultural diversity is important in making a particular source of manpower and workforce diverse and a pool of varying skills and talents. Because of cultural diversity, individuals are provided with the experience from which they can learn and improve themselves as individuals.
This favors the society, particularly companies that become more competitive because of their positive attitude towards cultural diversity in the workforce and the integration of a culturally diverse set of employees working for them. “Cultural diversity does add value, and that for companies using a growth strategy, diversity can lead to a competitive advantage (Connerley, Pedersen, 2005, p. 10). ” Conclusion Cultural diversity is something that the world should try to live with.
The US looks like a very likely example in effectively handling diversity. “Rich, democratic societies work well with diversity, in the case of the United States, very well in terms of growth and productivity (Page, 2007, p. 333). ” No country can hope to forever close its doors and stop people from entering its domain and stop the spread of other culture inside its territory. The best way to handle the presence of cultural diversity is by creating a society that reacts positively to cultural diversity.
One very good example of the state of a society reacting positively to cultural diversity is the presence of a very active electorate who is willing to nominate and elect a candidate for public office who is not a pure American (if there was indeed one). Cultural diversity can bring the best out of an individual and out of a society – people like Schwarzenegger turned out to be holders of public office who satisfied the public that elected them; cultural diversity makes the available more workforce more diverse and more talented; cultural diversity opens the possibility of intellectual, spiritual, moral and cultural growth.
The government should do everything in its power to guarantee that this particular status quo remains unchanged by factors that can make the situation make a turn for the worse just because people were led to believe that cultural diversity is a very harmful feature of a society. References Connerley, M. L. and Pedersen, P. (2005). Leadership in a Diverse and Multicultural Environment: Developing Awareness, Knowledge and Skills. Sage Publications. DeVillar, R. A. , Faltis, C. and Cummins, J. P. (1994). Cultural Diversity in Schools: From Rhetoric to Practice. State University of New York Press.
Echemendia, R. J. (2004). Cultural Diversity. A Special Issue of Applied Neuropsychology. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. Guest, K. and Kwong, P. (2001). Cultural Diversity in the United States. Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated. Joseph, J. (1995). Black Youths, Delinquency and Juvenile Justice. Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated. McLoyd, V. C. , Dodge, K. A. and Hill, N. (2005). African American Family Life: Ecological and Cultural Diversity. Guilford Publications, Inc. Miller, C. A. (2008). Nursing for Wellness in Older Adults: Theory and Practice.