Psychology Essay Topics

The Origins of American Psychology

The mind-brain relationship was becoming increasingly sought with the progress of the 19th century. The general interest on the subject was evident from the fact that almost all relevant text written after 1860 did not fail to discuss this issue. Philosophers and psychologists were engaged in this mind-brain association due to the prevailing notion that… View Article

Person-Centred Approaches to Counselling Unit

The essay will evaluate the necessity and importance of the development of the core conditions in the counselling process and critically analyse the strengths and weaknesses of the person-centred approach on the counselling process. The Person-Centred Approach focuses on the clients own best authority as it is based on the client’s personal experience in his… View Article

Pushing Paper Can Be Fun

1.Organizational and Personal Outcomes – What performance problems is the captain trying to address? Behavior- Officers not doing paperwork, or when done, is incomplete. Result – Cases being lost, due to poor reporting. The officers lack motivation and perceive filling out reports as boring. 2.Goal Statement – What would be a desirable outcome? A desirable… View Article

Transpersonal Psychology

The field of Transpersonal Psychology is the fourth field of psychology in addition to psychoanalysis, behaviorism, and humanistic psychology which covers the concepts regarding “Near Death Experience reality’, ‘dream reality’ and ‘waking reality’. According to Lajoie and Shapiro from the Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, “Transpersonal psychology is concerned with the study of humanity’s highest potential,… View Article

Social Learning Theory

Key Figures: Montgomery, Rotter and Bandura Key Concepts: Individuals learn through observing others’ behavior, attitudes, and effects of those behaviors. Explanation of Disorder Personality: overly aggressive individuals (i.e. serial killers) Validity: When individuals observe others engaging in certain behaviors, it does not necessarily mean that they are learning that behavior. People need a good reason… View Article

Personality Assessment Instruments

Personality Assessment instruments are comprised of theories and techniques to measure an individual’s personality traits. The traditional psychoanalytical theories provide a framework for understanding negative behavior as well as concepts that predict future behavioral outcomes. Because of the possibility of predictive personality traits, career counselors and organizations have used personality assessment instruments to screen possible… View Article

Theoretical Frameworks or Perspectives in Psychology

Initially psychology was developed using the mental thinking expressed by persons interested in developing the subject of psychology. But John B. Watson differed from that approach and he pioneered the approach in which visible behavior and visible environmental stimulus became the subject of study. B. F. Skinner developed this behavioristic framework further by bringing in… View Article

History of Psychology

Modern psychology is a science that it continually being researched and added to. Psychology predates the 19th century and includes roots into early philosophy. Looking closely one can identify philosophers that related to the beginnings of psychology, identify major philosophers that historically relate to the beginnings psychology as a formal discipline and how the development… View Article

Interdiscuplinary Study in Consumer Behaviour

With the development of a consumer society, increasing consumer power in the market place, the growth in marketing, advertising, sophisticated consumers, ethical consumption etc, consumption is recognized as central to modern life. Thus it entails to go into a depth of the different approaches to consumer behaviour. Many human sciences give a variety of reasons… View Article

Organizational Behavior

Psychology is a very young scientific field, yet it has achieved in such a short length of time immeasurable feats incomparable to only a few of the other scientific disciplines. One of its modern developments includes the establishment of an equally comprehensive sub-discipline: industrial and organizational psychology where the focus of study is the application… View Article

Organizational behavior

Modern management is today gradually approaching to psychology and extrapolating psychological principles onto the framework of organizational dynamics. The paper is designed to define and discuss attitude and psychological contract between manager and subordinate. As Boddy states, attitude is a “position as indicating action, feeling, or mood” (Boddy, 2002, p. 235). Attitude are always influenced… View Article

To be themselves

In society today, most people can be themselves. Most do not feel the need to hide who they truly are anymore while some still can only “half express [themselves]” because they are embarrassed of the “idea which each of [them] represents” (186). I feel as if there is still too little emphasis on self-reliance and… View Article

Well-Rounded Individual: How to Become One

If we are going to define the standard of the word “well- rounded” and attach this to a person we can create a picture of an individual that has fully developed abilities and qualities to excel in various fields hence earned great success or attainments in his endeavors. In other words this person is an… View Article

Psychology from Descartes’ Perspective

A definition of psychology takes only a few brief words: It is the systematic study of behavior and the factors that influence behavior (Calkins, 1916). Yet that simple statement covers a wide range of subject matter so vast that, just like the universe itself, its boundaries defy imagination. problems and seek ways to cope with… View Article

Experimental Method and Survey Research

Psychology research requires detailed consideration of research methods and goals. The goal of this paper is to compare and contrast the two research methods in psychology. The choice of research methodology is integrally linked to the goals of psychology research. It is possible that several methods are used to ensure relevance and objectivity of research… View Article

Acting Against Personal Belief to Comply With Other’s Expectations

It is impossible to find a situation in which the individual is not faced with having to act according to the expectations of others. Children react to the expectations of their parents, students must respond to the expectations of fellow students and teachers, employees are guided by the expectations of the employer, and coming full… View Article

Evaluate the morality of specific actions

Imagine a pilot enter the cabinet and flies the plane to great heights beyond the reach of the eyes; that is his normal job. And suddenly, storms begin to wage war against the plane and the passengers. It is the responsibility of the pilot to find ways to maintain order, protect the lives and property… View Article

Person Centered Theory by Carl Rogers

Person-centered theory is regarded as one of the most popular theories of counseling and therapy since its development in the 1940s. Its originator, Carl Rogers originally labeled it as nondirective. The theory was intended to offer a distinctive option to the behavioral and psychoanalytic theories that subjugated psychology during the period. At a later time,… View Article

The Self Paper

Society wonders why people are the way they are. Sometimes our surroundings and situations in life make us who we are. The following defines the self, self-concept, emotion, self-esteem, behavior, and self-presentation. According to Dictionary.com, self is, “a combining form of self and variously used with the meanings “of the self” ( self-analysis ) and… View Article

Milgram Behavioural Study of Obedience

The method used by Milgram was the laboratory experiment. The main advantage that Milgram had with this method was the amount of control he had over the situation. He controlled what the participants saw, heard and experienced and was able to manipulate their behaviour through what they were exposed to. This method also allowed accurate… View Article

Solomon Asch experiment: A study of conformity

After reading the social psychological experiment on Solomon Asch’s study of conformity, I now understand why so many people conform even when they know the answer is wrong. It was apparent that the subjects in this particular study feared rejection from the others, so they agreed against what they knew what was right. If I… View Article

Positive Psychology

Positive psychology is defined as a “science of positive subjective experiences, positive traits, and positive institutions” and it focuses on such topics as “hope, wisdom, creativity … courage, spirituality” (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000). Although this definition seems to be broad enough, the current research on positive psychology consists of primarily quantitative studies of cognitive and… View Article

Teaching Plan

Maria is a 23-year-old female on disability pension. She left school since she was 12 years old and currently staying with her grandmother in Dromana. She has a long history of Borderline Personality Disorder with a self-harming behaviour and been experiencing chronic suicidal thoughts which often occur spontaneously with clearly definable triggers. These thoughts can… View Article

Human Relations Movement

Human Relations Movement refers to those researchers of organizational development who study the behavior of people in groups, in particular workplace groups. It originated in the 1930s’ Hawthorne studies, which examined the effects of social relations, motivation and employee satisfaction on factory productivity. The movement viewed workers in terms of their psychology and fit with… View Article

Individual Behavior

Individual behavior differs from person to person and most differences are based on the background of the individual. Some elements that can affect ones background to influence their individual behavior can include religion, age, occupation, values and attitude differences, gender, and even ethnicity. These individual behaviors can cause people to act differently to situations and… View Article

Can Exercise Make Kids Smarter

I do feel exercise does and could make kids smarter. This article is mainly about scientist testing kids and animals to see how they react and their knowledge after exercising for certain amounts of time. In the article they prove scientifically that exercise has no real change on I. Q. and intelligence levels. Then they… View Article

Cognitive psychology

Cognitive psychology focuses on how a person interprets a picture or message. For example, a double figure drawing such as the top down example below is one part of the cognitive thinking process. Another mental exercise is the bottom-up perception of drawings and messages.  Often times, the judge in court cases would ask the professional… View Article

Eriksonian Perspective

Greene (1991) described Eriksonian perspective on human development from the idea of epigenesis, in which each developmental stage depends upon the resolution and completion of the previous one. This idea proposed that anything that growth has a concrete map, from which it is understood that each stage has its time of passing. The Greene’s description… View Article

Erikson Lifespan Theory

Developmental psychology studies multidimensional aspects, such as physical, cognitive, social and emotional patterns of change and stability both in the evolutionary history of humans within the life span development theory. This field of study has historically evolved from two competing worldviews. Overton (1984) defines a worldview (a paradigm/disciplinary matrix/scientific research program/research tradition) as a general… View Article