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1. How to recognise signs of abuse:
Definition of types of abuse and yours respective signs:
1.1.1 Physical Abuse:According with NCPEA (National Committee for the Prevention of Elder Abuse) Physical Abuse is a physical force or violence that results in bodily injury, pain or impairment. It is a non-accident use of physical force resulting in body harm. Eg. Pushing, force feeding, burning, scalding, etc.
see more:explain how the likelihood of abuse may be reduced by encouraging active participation
1.1.2 Signs that a Physical abuse has happened:
1.1.3 Factor that can contribute for Physical abuse happen:
1.1.1 Sexual Abuse:According with the Older Protective Services Acts Sexual Abuse is an intentionally causing or attempting to cause rape, involuntary sexual intercourse, sexual assault.
Also sexual harassment whereupon the individual is forced, tricked, coerced or manipulated into any unwanted sexual contact.
1.1.2 The Physical and Emotional signs for Sexual Abuse is:
1.1.3 Factor that can contribute for Sexual abuse happen:
1.1.1 Emotional/Psychological Abuse:Is inflicting mental pain, anguish or distress, like verbal or non-verbal acts, insults, threaten, humiliate, harass, bullying, intimidation, shouting and swearing, ignoring, dignity taken away. Psychological abuse can be present in all others abuse.
1.1.2 The emotional signs of Psychological Abuse:
Also some warning of Psychological abuse can be:
1.1.3 Factors that can contribute to Emotional/ Psychological Abuse happen:
1.1.1 Financial Abuse:Is the unauthorized use of the resources of an elderly individual for a personal benefit or gain.
1.1.2 The signs for financial abuse are:
The elderly individual live in conditions below his financial resources;
1.1.3 Factors that can contribute for Financial Abuse happen:
1.1.1 Institutional Abuse:Is when an elderly person is being abused by caregivers in an assisted living like a care home. In this type of abuse all the last mentioned types of abuse can happen.
1.1.2 The warning signs of Institutional abuse is:
1.1.3 Factors that can contribute for Institutional Abuse happen:
1.1.1 Self-Neglect:Is the harm or potential harm created by elderly’s own behaviour rather than the actions of others.
1.1.2 The warning signs of self-neglect is:
1.1.3 Factors that can contribute for Self-Neglect happen:
1.1.1 Neglect by others
Is when an older person is neglected by a caregiver on her basics needs like safety, physical or/and psychological needs, adequate or necessary medication, personal care, etc.
1.1.2 The warning signs of Neglecting by others is:
1.1.3 Factors that can contribute for Neglect by others happen:
2.1 Actions to take if there are suspicions of abuse or if an individual alleged being abused: When there is an allegation of abuse, all allegations must be listen to and taken seriously and must be reported for the safe and guarding team.
2.2 If someone alleged that they have been abused:
2.3 Ways to make sure that evidence of abuse are preserved:
3.1 National Policies and local systems agencies:Local Safeguarding Adults Boards.
3.2 The roles of different agencies in Safeguarding and protecting individuals:
Local Systems — Safeguarding Adults Boards, Safeguarding policies and procedures for vulnerable adults.’ Safeguarding Adults Boards — these bring together a number of different local agencies that work with vulnerable adults to share information and monitor their work i.e. local agencies like the police. The Police — their role is to safeguard vulnerable adults, investigate all reports of vulnerable adult abuse and protect and uphold the rights of vulnerable adults. CQC — to monitor and provide guidance on what all health and social care providers must do to safeguard vulnerable adults from abuse; the safeguarding policies, procedures and systems developed are in place to prevent vulnerable adults from being abused.
3.3 Serious case of failure of protection an individual from abuse:
The Winterbourne case which was nationally reported and a local abuse case of Orme house in Lowestoft. The Winterbourne case was more physical and emotional abuse and the Orme house case was more neglect and poor living conditions. The Winterbourne case was reported nationally because it was such a disgusting mistreatment of vulnerable people, 11 members of staff were caught on CCTV after visitors and patients complained about mistreatments. The evidence that was captured showed physical abuse suchas, slapping, poking eyes, pulling hair, even as unbelievable as trapping them under chairs, and soaking residents in freezing cold water. It also showed emotional and verbal abuse in the form of name calling. This was an inhumane and diabolic mistreatment of vulnerable individuals unable to defend themselves.
Winterbourne appears to have made decisions based on profits and returns, over and above decisions about the effective and humane delivery of assessments and treatments. Where were the staff who should have been reporting these crimes to management , if management was not listening then they should have been reported to the authorities and organisations, such as social services and CQC that is what they are there for. The staff who didn`t abuse patients but didn`t report the incidents are just as abusive and responsible, as they were employed to help with patients welfcare. Winterbourne failed to notify the Care Quality Commission of these incidents, injuries to individuals and of occasions when individuals had gone missing.
3.4 Identify sources where can you go to get information and advice about your role in safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse:
4.1 Explain how the likelihood of abuse may be reduced:
4.2 Explain the importance of an accessible complaints procedure for reducing the likelihood of abuse.
The complaints procedure give to the complainant the right of be listened to, it is efficient because it clearly says how and to whom make the complaint should be made. The accessible complaints give supports and access to the individual to make their views known. Also it sets a time for a response, given to the complainant a feeling that they have been listened to and taken seriously. Therefore it sets a mind culture of no form of abuse must be acceptable or tolerated.
5.1 Describe unsafe practices that may affect the well-being of individuals:
5.2 Explain the actions to take if unsafe practices have been identified:All concerns or suspects of abuse or mistreat should be reported to the manager or supervisor immediately, in verbally and in writing.
5.3 Describe the actions to take if suspected abuse or unsafe practices have been reported but nothing has been done in response: The caregiver has the right to report concerns directly to the multidisciplinary team. Anyone can report suspicion of abuse, the caregiver that don’t report unsafe practices or abuse can be also disciplined, suspended or dismissed.
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