Preserving and Restoring Natural Resources

Natural Resources are one of the most important things in this world and it’s something that the human race can’t destroy. A natural resource is an element of the earth such as minerals, natural gas, forestry, water, fossil fuels, and iron. There is only a limited supply of some of the elements such as oil, fossil fuels, coal and natural gas, these elements are known as non-renewable resources. Once you use that supply you cannot make anymore, and it takes millions of years within the earth to make more.

That is why we must find ways to preserve these natural resources and try not to exploit them.

Even though Texas is the leading states for the total value of mined products, such as oil and natural gas.

It also produces about 1/5th of the countries oil production and 1/3rd of the nation’s supply of natural gas. The most important natural resource that Texas offers is its large mineral deposits mainly petroleum and natural gas. Texas has a lot of resources that help keep this nation going. I believe that the United States should be making a bigger effort to try and preserve these resources.

The first sighting of oil was back in 1543 by Luis de Moscoso according to the Texas State Historical Association. (Olien, 2016) After the discovery and production of oil occurred occasionally. It wasn’t till 1894 when Texas had its first oil boom at the Corsicana oilfield. The city hired a drilling contractor to drill for water and struck oil.

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This oil field produced more than 839,000 barrels of oil when it reached its peak in 1900. With the mass production of oil, the Texas legislature stepped in and passed its first regulatory statute in 1899. This act protected the groundwater, abandoned wells, and the conservation of natural gas. One of the most affected places while the oil industry was booming was the Ranger, Desdemona and Breckenridge area. This is located near Abilene, Texas. When they were searching Abilene for oil, they found neither oil nor water in 1890 so they stopped drilling test holes in this area until 1912. They drilled test holes in Eastland County about seven miles south of Ranger, Texas and found oil. They then started to search all around Eastland County. Ranger citizens persuaded William Knox Gordon the owner of the Texas Pacific Coal Company (also known as the Texas Pacific Coal and Oil Company) to finance a deep test well near Ranger. They had struck 3 big oil booms, and this created the Ranger Boom, and within 1917 Rangers population went from 1,000 to 30,000 people. Business was buzzing, and Gordon’s company had leased most of the field, many of the subleases were priced as high as $8,000 an acre. Many small companies spread away from Ranger, Texas and opened more fields. The most popular one was the Brewer pool, and in 1918 is produced more than $2 million worth of oil. By 1919 that area produced more than four million barrels of oil. (Ranger, Desdemona, and Breckenridge Oilfields, 2010)

People started to explore more and found smaller towns such as Desdemona and Breckenridge. They had been drilling in Desdemona as early as 1911 but never fully hit its peak. It finally hit its peak in 1919 but then dropped very fast due to over drilling. Breckenridge hit its peak in 1919 reaching 10 million barrels, after that the production slowly decreased also due to over drilling. When production decreased people started to lose their jobs and would have to leave town to find work, so this in the end would hurt the towns business.

While the oil business was slowing down other researchers were also discovering more information over the rest of the fossil fuels. Slowly the non-renewable resources were the elements that powered almost anything and everything. Today they make up about 92% of the United States energy. With us only having a limited supply of these resources the government needs to enforce and provide more ways to try and preserve them.

Currently the government is turning towards more renewable resources such as wind, solar, and water as a power source to try and replace some of the non-renewable resources. Wind and solar power have made an impact in trying to preserve them. Wind power has taken off faster than solar power. “Wind power capacity edged out coal for the first time in the Texas history…” (Smith, 2017) As wind farms continues to grow, they could potential replace coal. In the beginning of 2017 wind generated 17.2 percent of the states energy and coal generated 31.9 percent. Currently the State of Texas has the Texas State Senate Natural Resources Committee that handles all the legislation that has to do with water resources, oil and gas, air quality, and agriculture. This committee helps create bill and act to help keep Texas clean. Also, the railroad commission of Texas has rules and regulations set in place regarding the environment, mining, natural gas, alternative fuels, and safety. They have detailed chapters over how it should be regulated, transported, and management. There are many acts and resources that are in place to help preserve our natural resources, but it doesn’t seem that people are wanting to see what they can do to help save our planet. That’s why we need to turn towards more renewable energy.

I personally think that the government should be finding alternative ways to replace some of the oil and natural gas intake, because when we burn fossil fuel it pollutes the air that we breathe. So, in 1919 the Texas State Legislature passed Bill No. 7 which states that Texas must install 2,000 megawatts of new renewable energy capacity by the year 2015. (Energy Policy, 2017) The Renewable Portfolio Standard is also known as the renewable electricity standard is what helps make this possible. This program was intended to increase renewable energy resource production and use. Texas later adopted the Public Utility Commission in 1999 and set a voluntary target of generating 10,000 megawatts of renewable sources by the year of 2025. This includes sources such as solar, wind, geothermal, hydroelectric, biomass, wave energy, and tidal energy. By 2009, Texas reached its 2025 renewable target, and 95 percent of the energy came from wind energy.

I believe that along with all this improvement we should be making more of a push towards solar energy. It doesn’t occupy a lot of space and you can place them on the roofs of citizens’ houses and they can receive electricity that way. I think that gradual improvements like that will slowly make a bigger impact. Preserving the nation’s supply of fossil fuels will help with future generations. Texas should go green because it will lower energy bill and make your dollar worth more because it increases asset values and profits which decreases marketing time. Not only does going green save money in the long run but it’s also healthier for the plants and humans.

Natural Resources should be preserved and not exploited because there is only a limited supply. With the population increasing rapidly there is more of a demand, so to preserve these it would be beneficial for the human race to go green. A way to make it a reality is to start with the large cities in Texas and have them adopt a set of new policies and regulations when building new facilities. This will definitely take time to get the government and businesses on board, but it will help future generations.

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Preserving and Restoring Natural Resources. (2021, Apr 18). Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/preserving-and-restoring-natural-resources-essay

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