Preservation versus Conservation
Preservation versus Conservation
The Earth is the only planet known to have existing life forms and it provides a lot for it to be habitable. The conditions on Earth are just right for life to exist. Humans and other organisms rely on the natural resources provided by the planet. Wood is one of the resources that are exploited by men. It is essential for building houses, constructing furniture and many others. The tropical rainforest is the primary source of wood. According to Raintree Nutrition Inc, the rainforests covers only 6% of the Earth today, which previously is 14%.
Around 200,000 acres of rainforests are chopped down or burned every year. The tropical rainforest not only provides wood and shelter, but also oxygen for humans and animals to breath. As of now, oxygen depletion is not a threat. There are sufficient organisms that are capable of photosynthesizing. An example of this are the phytoplankton, this organisms are provides abundant oxygen. These organisms live on the oceans, which makes up approximately 70% of the Earth’s surface. However, tropical rainforests are still essential for food and shelter for several life forms.
Many animals rely on the forest, and by destroying the forest, it disrupts the ecological balance. We should save the environment because a lot of organisms depend on it. As responsible stewards of this planet, we should return what we have taken from Earth. We must re-plant trees, so that the next generation may also use them. We should not waste any resources provided and use them efficiently. We should protect the Earth, because it is the only place that could provide us everything; but is this enough? Some environmentalists promote wildlife preservation and others advocate conservation.
So which of this is better, preservation or conservation? Conservation is the prolonged use and management of natural resources which includes wildlife, water, air, and earth minerals. Natural resources can be renewable or non-renewable. Renewable sources like trees are ensured that the consumption should less than the amount of it can be replaced. Non-renewable sources like fossil fuels are manage so that more people would be able to use it. Conservation usually aims to promote efficient usage of natural resources so that nothing could be wasted.
Conservation of natural resources usually centers on the needs and interests of human beings, for example the biological, economic, cultural and recreational values such resources have. The rain forest is a good example; it contains a wide range of biodiversity, providing food stocks for local populations and a source of lumber and medicines for the entire world. Conservationists recognize that development is necessary for a better future. Conservation can be considered as an immediate solution to the uprising problem of environment; however when all resources have been used up, there is no other option left.
What the conservationist opposes is not the harnessing of nature for mankind’s progression, but the fact that all too often the environment comes off the worse for wear. Preservation, in contrast to conservation, tries to maintain the present condition areas of the Earth that are so far untouched by humans. This is due to the apprehension that mankind is already invading onto the environment at such a rate that many untamed landscapes are being given over to farming, industry, housing, tourism and other human developments, and that we our losing too much of what is ‘natural’.
Preservation aims to preserve the aesthetic value of nature rather than economic value of the environment. Like conservationists, some preservationists support the protection of nature for purely human-centered reasons. Stronger advocates of preservation however, adopt a less human-centered approach to environmental protection, placing a value on nature that does not relate to the needs and interests of human beings. Deep green ecology argues that ecosystems and individual species should be preserved whatever the cost, regardless of their usefulness to humans, and even if their continued existence would prove harmful to us.
This follows from the belief that every living thing has a right to exist and should be preserved. The best solution to the problems in resource management is to bring preservation and conservation. Human progress can not be disregard for aesthetics but nature can not also be sacrifice for economic progress. Nature provides a lot for our living but it can not only provide a fair amount. The world was created sufficient for the entire world not only for humans alone.
Many organisms also rely to the environment. It is best to lessen our ecological footprint and do lifestyle changes. Reference Campbell NA, Reece JB, Mitchell LG. Biology. 8th Ed. Singapore: Pearson Education Asia: 2000 Wealth of the Rainforest . 02 Dec. 2006. Pharmacy to the World. 10 Mar 2009 <http://www. rain-tree. com/>. Global Footprint Network. (2009). Footprint Calculator. Retrieved March 10, 2009, from http://www. footprintnetwork. org/en/index. php/GFN/page/calculators/
University/College: University of Arkansas System
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 1 November 2016
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