Post modern perspective Essay

Custom Student Mr. Teacher ENG 1001-04 9 July 2017

Post modern perspective

This is not the case, so by keeping sentences short, avoiding awkward phrases and limiting pronouns, misunderstandings can be avoided. [18:2001] This principle would also apply to people whose first language is anything other than English. This is where a qualified interpreter is someone who translates in a person’s native language or who BSL for the deaf community, it is always necessary when interviewing and non-English-speaking service user to use the services of a professional interpreting service as this gives proper translation.

“The interpreter must be aware of the importance of neutrality, strict translation, conveying the equivalent tone of voice, body language and even using swear words” [Wilson:74: 2001: ] During a seminar in using translators, it was made aware that grammatically we may ask a question that will be lost in translation, or that it would be culturally inappropriate, in this instance it is expected that the translator will inform us of this problem and be asked to rephrase the question, this is why it is important to use a professional interpreter.

Also if a family member or friend of the service user being interviewed was to translate it would not be possible to have an unbiased translation. When interviewing people who have hearing impairments it is important to have prior knowledge as to their level of the need for a successful interviewed to take place by carrying out an assessment of need. communication, Definition – is the process of creating and sharing meaning through the use of symbols.

It is an ongoing activity of producing meaning through messages primarily intended to be shared with others. When covering children and communication in seminars it became apparent that listening plays a very important part of communication, poorly asked questions can hinder this process. Using minimal prompts instead of a lot of questions can show a child that they are being listened to and more importantly heard. [41: 2001] ” Listening is the ability to hear what someone is communicating completely and accurately” [ Pierson:2000:257]

Communication is the centre of our lives, it relates to symbolic interaction, which humans use to share thoughts, feelings, attitudes and ideas, whether it be verbally or none verbally [Kitdsushin and Kadushin, 1997] communication relates to the forming of relationships which is characterised by domination and subordination. Lishman (1994) argues that ” communication skills are the core of social work. [ Lishman:1994:1] if we as social workers do n9oot understand all the elements of communication in which effective listening is a major element the information being transmitted is open to misinterpretation.

During many of the communication seminars service users would come in to give their views and experiences of being service users and many stressed that they would like to be heard more. This demonstrates that what is being said is not always heard. People can concentrate more on what they feel about what is being said rather than listening objectively. Interpretation – is a communication process that aims to reveal meaning and relationships through the use interaction. “An understanding of the part that language plays in the formation of human selves, human thought and human subjectivity underpins the post modern perspective”.

[240: 2002: Adams] Non-verbal communication, use of hand gestures, facial expressions, touch, voice tones and other extra linguistic symbols also gives signals to the receiver, which is used to interpret the message. Non verbal communication refers to communication without words and it is an important part of the communication process. One type of N. V. C is body language, body language occurs when we send messages through our body positions, facial expression and other gestures. Another type of communication is referred to as paralanguage.

Paralanguage consists of vocal qualities, such as tone, resonance, rhythm, speed, pitch, volume and clarity. Both body language and paralanguage can affect the meaning and interpretation of the message. Written communication is an exception to the standard rules of communication. As writing consists of marks on paper which do not require the presence of the sender and receiver of the message in order to them to work. [19: 1996]

The communication source is a person with a purpose, or reason for engaging in communication, to exchange information, ideas or feelings with another person, the message is transmitted in a variety of ways, Effective communication requires much more than just transmitting the message, the message must be clear and more importantly understood by the person receiving it; problems can arise due to misunderstandings / misinterpretations. In terms of interpretation there are two elements in the process, the encoder, which is responsible for taking the ideas of the source and putting them into a code and the encoder is the interpreter.

This is not the same as the use of interpreters for people of other languages or sign language interpreters will be discussed further into the essay. The essay will now look at the importance of understanding different cultures in social work practice, “Shared ways of seeing, thinking and doing, it gives people from different social groups, interest groups, religious groups, and countries interconnected set of shared ideas, assumptions, beliefs, values and unwritten rules. Which play a major part of the framework from which sense is made of their lives, and interactions with each other?

Communication, semantics, “the study of meaning communicated through language”,[3:2003:Saeed] and body language has different meanings in different cultures. Society is divided along the major divisions of race, class, gender, sexual preference, disability and age. There are other divisions which occur as a result of inequality and discrimination, such as poverty, geographical location, mental distress and employment status. The social difference principle is based on an understanding of how the divisions interconnect and shape lives.

Essential notions constrain women to subordinate roles in our society, and prevent men from taking caring roles. To enable individuals to assert their rights, there has to be recognition of diversity, not as equal but more importantly individuals with individual wants and needs. Post-structuralism challenges bring opposition “Exploring gender rationally, recognises that men and women are constructed by certain aspects of their identity, challenges other dualities, such as disabled/able-bodied, carer/ cared for.

[224: 2002: ] Power is closely linked to communication. In social worker there are two roles available, the social worker and the service user. These are asymmetrical power. Both have different kinds of power and different aspects of the relationship. The social worker has institutional power drawn from professional knowledge and agency authority. The service user controls access to personal information and family relationships they choose to disclose. [165:2005: Payne]

Psychology states that consciousness and the self emerge from the meanings and actions in social relations, through a reflective cycle. This is influenced by our understandings, language and power relations. [165:05: Payne] In, Carl Rogers on personal power (1978) it was made clear the importance of using person centred approach when dealing with power and power balances, he states that “client centred approach, related to political situations, especially those where there is an imbalance of power. Where some people have and exercise the power to control the lives of others.

[187: 19 78] Power plays a crucial part of communication of power is the basic ingredient in understanding culture and semantics, those with power can influence language and discourse and can therefore influence the way in which life is experienced, seen and interpreted. [15:2003:Thompson] Those exercising power have to make themselves understood by communicating their intentions or wishes. Power has an intentional element, power in communication may be analysed under four different angles, first, anaesthetic means may be used to make the communication maximally efficient.

Second, aesthetical means may be used to enhance the legitimating of personal power holders. these means ends orientated forms of communication are important, however the following two are more complicated forms of power that are inherent in the communication process itself. The third is often categorised as the (language is power) approach, and finally the fourth type is not focused on the characteristics of the message, but on the implicit structure of the social relations between who participates in communicative interaction.

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