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Population Change In Province Of Canada Essay

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Introduction

As per the Canada’s Performance Report 2006 – life expectancy in Canada reached to 79.9 years as compared to 77.8 years in 1991.   A woman born in 2003 can expect longevity up to 82.4 years whereas a man’s life expectancy would be 77.4 years. Statistics Canada, The Daily, December 21, 2005 states that women are expected to live 5 years longer than men.  At present, Canadians describe health as “excellent”, “very good” which has increased in the recent years of 2003 and 2005.

Canadians who are at age 12 and older,  state that good health is being enjoyed which has risen from 59.

6 per cent (2003) to 65.5 per cent  (2005).  The overall health percentage in Canadians stating as “good” declined from 29.7 percent (2003) to  27.5 percent (2005). Canadians who rate health as “fair” or “poor” also declined from 10.6 percent (2003) to 6.9 percent (2005). This segment of population mostly belongs to lower level of income, improper schedules of exercise,  poor education and old age. (Canada Statistics, 2006) .  According to Canadian Institute of Health Information, Canada spent $142.0 billion on health care in 2005, an increase of .

0 from the year 2004, an average spending of $4,411 per person.

Infant mortality  has dropped in the previous decade from 6.4 deaths per 1,000 births (1991) to 5.3 / 1000 births (2003) . Crime percentage in murder, homicide, and robbery in Canada declined to 5.0 percent (2005) and police report 1.2 million property crimes in 2005.  Youth crime between the age 12-17 has decreased by 6.0 percent in the year 2005 while homicides are on the rise in Ontario and Alberta.

The  population of Canada by province as on April 1, 2007

Sno Province Abbr. Population % of national population
Alberta AB 3,473,984 10.5
British Columbia BC 4,380,256 13.2
Manitoba MB 1,186,679 3.6
New Brunswick NB 749,782 2.3
Newfoundland and Labrador NL 506,275 1.5
Northwest Territories NT 42,637 0.1
Nova Scatia NS 934,147 2.8
Nunavut NU 31,113 0.1
Ontario ON 12,803,861 38.8
Prince Edward Island PE 138,627 0.4
Quebec QC 7,700,807 23.4
Saskatchewan SK 996,869 3.0
Yukon YT 30,989 0.1

As recorded by Canada’s National Statistical Agency in population statistics:

1991-1996      Total No.of births       :           1,936,000    No.of deaths: 1,024,000

1996-2001      Total No.of births       :           1,705,000    No.of deaths: 1,089,000

Total no.of births by province from the period 2002-2007

Province 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07

Canada

330,523 337,762 339,270 345,355 352,848
Newfoundland and Labrador 4,596 4,598 4,543 4,443 4,326
Prince Edward Island 1,374 1,403 1,371 1,343 1,348
Nova Scotia 8,635 8,713 8,575 8,499 8,382
New Brunswick 7,104 7,072 6,874 6,840 6,728
Quebec 72,273 74,364 75,422 78,471 83,150
Ontario 129,256 132,874 132,796 133,961 134,141
Manitoba 13,765 13,981 14,031 14,136 14,166
Saskatchewan 11,794 12,121 11,915 11,925 11,918
Alberta 39,450 40,635 41,345 42,875 44,661
British Columbia 40,534 40,205 40,631 41,135 42,306
Yukon Territory 322 374 340 319 311
Northwest Territories 658 697 705 699 678
Nunavut 762 725 722 709 733

Total no.of deaths by province from the period 2002-2007

Province 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07
Canada 223,905 228,829 229,372 230,687 237,931
Newfoundland and Labrador 4,276 4,254 4,357 4,453 4,549
Prince Edward Island 1,217 1,225 1,236 1,260 1,282
Nova Scotia 7,944 8,269 8,329 8,491 8,654
New Brunswick 6,181 6,373 6,319 6,453 6,589
Quebec 54,896 56,411 56,041 53,350 55,950
Ontario 83,410 84,155 84,495 87,181 89,737
Manitoba 9,852 9,894 9,989 10,130 10,272
Saskatchewan 8,880 9,130 8,900 8,975 9,079
Alberta 18,098 18,775 19,004 19,757 20,581
British Columbia 28,694 29,863 30,254 30,174 30,761
Yukon Territory 145 158 169 177 182
Northwest Territories 183 188 155 159 163
Nunavut 129 134 124 127 132

Conclusion

A close observation on birth and death rate in Canada if noticed, reveals a fact that birth rate is on the rise whereas death rate is on the declining side, which is a first hand information that Canada is concentrating on health sector of its population, in the first instance and secondly the causes for still reducing the death rate can be controlled by effective measures of police control in crime and also in opening rehabilitation centers for youth and children for getting therapy treatment from undertaking anti-social elements such as theft, robbery, murder or homicide.  Canada being an attractive destination for immigration, the future population is expected to be on the rise as there was a tremendous potential for employment growth in the year 2005.

References

 

Canada’s performance Report 2006 – Annex 3 – Indicators and Additional Information

Accessed 14 November, 2007

 

 

 

Canada’s National statistical Agency,  Population growth and components (1851-2001)

Accessed 14 November, 2007

http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/demo03.htm

 

 

Canada’s National Statistical Agency

Accessed 14 November, 2007

http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/demo02.htm

 

Canada’s National Statistical Agency, Birth and birth rate by province and territory

http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/demo04a.htm

 

Canada’s National Statistical Agency, Death and death rate by province and territory

 

http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/demo07a.htm

 

List of Canadian provinces and territories by population

 

Accessed 14 November, 2007

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Canadian_provinces_and_territories_by_population

 

Population estimates and projections

 

Accessed 14 November, 2007

http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/ind01/l3_3867_3433.htm?hili_demo02

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