Piaget Essay Examples


Comparison of Lev Vygotsky and Jean Piaget’s Theories
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Lev Vygotsky and Jean Piaget have influenced orientations and methods of teaching. These prominent individuals have contributed to the field of psychology and education by exploring the learning process and cognitive development of children at an early age. But, the theories of these two individuals have similarities and differences. The aim of the following essay is to compare the two theories indicating their similarities and differences. Similarities between two Sociocultural Theories In both scenarios, the children continue to learn complex…...
Piaget Theory
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In 1931 Watson a psychologist conducted an important experiment known as the "Albert experiment" concerning behaviourism. Through this experiment he proved that humans could be taught certain feelings and fears through their environment, with which they were not born. He used an 11-month-old boy and conducted an experiment to show that a person could be conditioned to be afraid of something with which he was not previously affected. The baby, Albert, was placed into a room alone and there were…...
Piaget and Vygotsky’s Theories
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Concrete operational stage (7-11 years) is the third stage where Piaget believed that children are unable to conserve and classify. Piaget found that young children had difficulty with the idea of classification (Jarvis. 2000). In order to support his belief Piaget devised three different experiments. Firstly he took three glasses all of which could hold the same amounts of liquid. Two of the glasses were identical whilst the third was tall and slender. It was found that the children of…...
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Piagetian theories
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The Theory Piaget's seemingly comprehensive theory has proven to be useful in many aspects of pedagogy, developmental and experimental sciences, psychology and other areas of study since inception. Nonetheless, his theories which Piaget himself described as genetic epistemology' (of human knowledge), have attracted criticisms, not unlike many alike. The concept that the development of patterns of mental and physical actions occur in stages is the core of the (systematic) study. Piaget subscribes to the school of thought that; development is…...
Piaget’s and Erikson’s theories during naturalistic observation
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In order to study human development and perform naturalistic observation I went to the mall. I selected a 9-year-old white girl as the subject for my observation. I observed the subject for 30 minutes. During my observation the subject was not interrupted and was not aware of my study. The girl was spending time with her mother and brother at the mall. She was enjoying herself. She played some games with her brother. The games included jumping and running. During…...
Piaget’s Cognitive development theory
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Jean Piaget and his theory of the stages of cognitive development have made significant contributions to a wide cross-section of disciplines including educational psychology and applied developmental psychology. Though his original theory has undergone some amount of changes, the basic tenets are still applicable in understanding how humans develop progressively from birth to adulthood. Several theorists have criticized Piaget’s theory and have proposed alternative approaches to explaining human development. Other theorists have espoused Piaget’s theory with few modifications or additions…...
Reaction Paper on Piaget’s Learning Theory
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Cognition is defined as the process of learning that includes perception, memory, judgment and thinking. It is also the basis of Jean Piaget’s theories on learning. He was able to identify the different stages of cognitive development by interviewing and observing children of different ages in gathering the data to which he was able to formulate his theories. He was more concerned on the wrong answers given by children in tests given to them in school by their teachers and…...
Piaget’s Theories
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The summary of Piaget’s theories includes stages of learning through cognitive development. The cognitive perspective was revolutionized by Jean Piaget, a Swiss psychologist. Piaget proposed “that all people pass in a fixed sequence through a series of universal stages of cognitive development”. (Feldman, 2008, p. 20) Piaget’s theory outlined four stages of development. Piaget’s Four Stages of Learning The four stages of learning are sensorimotor, birth to 2 years old, preoperational, ages 2 to 4, concrete operations, ages 7 to…...
Theories of Cognitive Development by Piaget and Vygotsky
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Jean Piaget’s and Lev Semionovich Vygotsky’s theories on cognitive development both play a significant role in addressing the intellectual growth of children (Lain, 2006). Psychologists and educators alike, rely on these theories in constructing the standards by which children are being brought up and taught today. Essentially, cognitive development is the process by which our intellectual ability grows and progresses. Slavin (2003), maintains that cognitive development, “is the gradual and orderly changes that occur making ones mental process more complex…...
Jean Piaget
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Jean Piaget was born in 1896 in the French-speaking Swiss city of Neuchatel to an “agnostic medievalist” and a religious mother with “socialist leanings”. He became a professional in mollusk classification and was published in specialized journals. After a doctoral thesis on the taxonomy of Alpine mollusks, in 1918, and studies in psychology and philosophy in Zurich and Paris, he joined the Jean-Jacques Rousseau Institute of Geneva, in 1921. The Jean-Jacques Rousseau Institute was a center for research on child…...
How Piaget’s Work Influenced Instruction and Curriculum Development
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Piaget’s theory of intellectual development states that children go through four stages as they grow and develop. These stages are the sensorimotor stage, the preoperational stage, the concrete operational stage, and the formal operations stage. In the sensorimotor stage, young children use their senses to explore their world. They look, touch, see, smell, and listen to the things in their surroundings and at the same time, they develop what Piaget refers to as object permanence which means that the child…...
Summary And Reflection Of Piaget And Vygotsky’s Theory
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SUMMARY Piaget was born in Neuchâtel, in the Francophone region of Switzerland. He was born on August 9, 1896 and he died on September 16, 1980 at the age of 84. He was also known as constructivism, theory of cognitive development, object permanence, egocentrism and also a genetic epistemology, which is the study of knowledge. Piaget was a precocious child who developed an interest in biology and the natural world. In the 1920s Piaget observed children reasoning and understanding differently,…...
The views of Piaget and Gesell on how development occurs
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Abstract Really couple of theorists have affected and influenced kid development as did the work of Jean Piaget and Arnold Gesell. Although they stand at opposite poles, both have actually tape-recorded realities helpful to moms and dads and specialists alike. This paper presents the highlights of their theories and concentrates on their major differences. The views of Piaget and Gesell on how advancement occursIntroductionIn Psychology, very few theorists have actually affected and influenced child advancement as did the work of…...
Piaget and Vygotsky: compare and contrast
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Everyday life is characterized by conscious purpose. From reaching for food to designing an experiment, our actions are directed at goals. This purpose reveals itself partly in our conscious awareness and partly in the organization of our thoughts and actions. Cognition, as defined as "... the activity of knowing and the processes through which knowledge is acquired" (Shaffer et al., 2002), is the process involved in thinking and mental activity, such as attention, memory and problem solving. Much past and…...
Introduction for “Piaget – Stages of cognitive development”
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Swiss Psychologist Jean Piaget (1896-1980) proposed the idea of the four stages of childhood cognitive development. These are age-related stages and refer to certain accomplishments that should be achieved, by the child, at the end of each stage. The first stage of cognitive development is the Sensorimotor stage, which lasts from birth to around two years of age. During this stage, children learn to coordinate their senses (hearing, sight, touch etc.) with their motor abilities. From two to seven years…...
Piaget vs Vygotsky
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Initially the study of lifespan development rose due to Darwin’s desire to understand human evaluation (Boyd & Bee, 2006). Developmental psychology is concerned with the changes of people during their life span including motor skill changes, problem solving changes, moral understanding changes, but it is originally concerned with these changes during infancy and childhood (Boyd & Bee, 2006). Without any doubts, Jean Piaget (1896-1980) and Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934), are two major contributors who have affected developmental psychology with their theories…...
Theories of Child Development
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"The term 'advancement' refers to the procedure by which an organism (human or animal) grows and changes through its life span" (Smith, Cowie & & Blades, 2003). Cognitive Advancement for that reason worries itself with how we process information; how we learn. There has actually been much research into cognitive development, and as an outcome the theory behind it has actually altered and established very rapidly over a reasonably short duration of time. This paper will take a look at…...
Compare and contrast Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories of cognitive development in children
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This essay will compare Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories of cognitive development in children. Also, show the differences between the two psychologist’s theories. Thus, by showing their similarities like in language and adaptation theories. Further, differences like Piaget’s theory on cognitive developmental stages and the schemas which are build to learn or accommodate new words or things. Vygostky’s theory differs to Piaget’s theory by his socio-cultural and language theories. Finally, bring all this points together by drawing a conclusion. Cognitive development…...
Reflection on Cognitive Development
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This reflective essay speaks about Educational Psychology, a good teacher, general principles of development, the brain and cognitive development, Piaget’s theory of cognitive development and Lev Vygotsky’s sociocultural perspective. Educational Psychology plays a very important role in our daily lives as it helps us to understand and develop strategies to improve the learning process. An effective teacher is one who is organized, not biased, patient, and flexible and knows how to teach medium and slow paced learners. The essay also…...
Jean Piaget’s Cognitive Theory
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The Cognitive Development Theory was first identified by Jean Piaget. Jean Piaget was born on August 9, 1896 in Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Piaget became well known by the many papers he published throughout his late teen years. Once graduating from the University of Neuchâtel, he received his Ph.D. in natural science and published two philosophical essay concerning adolescence. These two essays later became the general orientation for the first publication of the Cognitive Development Theory. According to the Jean Piaget Society…...
Critically evaluate piaget’s theory of cognitive development
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Piaget has been described as the father of cognitive psychology (Shaffer, 1988) and his stage theory as the foundation of developmental cognitive psychology (Lutz & Sternberg, 2002). It is not possible to describe Piaget's empirical findings and theory in only 1,500 words. Instead, I will briefly review the theory's scope, comprehensiveness, parsimony, applicability, heuristic value and methodological underpinning. I will then evaluate in more detail the theory's utility in describing and explaining cognitive development. Historically, Piaget's ontological approach was ground-breaking…...
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FAQ about Piaget

How Piaget’s Work Influenced Instruction and Curriculum Development

...In language, young children are able to discover the appropriate initial sound for each letter in the English language. As children enter the formal operations stage, the teacher is already aware that the child is already ready for work that involves...

The views of Piaget and Gesell on how development occurs

...Smith, L. Jean Piaget Society. A Brief Biography of Jean Piaget. Accessed 5/18/07 from-, Esther, Adolph, Karen E. (1992). Arnold L. Gesell: The paradox of nature and nurture. A Century of Developmental Psyc...