Physical Development Essay
0 – 3 Years oldPhysical Development
Birth to 3 Months:
1.1 From birth babies move there heads head’s and arm this moves down through to legs and feet. New Born babies turn their head side to side when their cheek is stroked, which aids in feeding. Babies can turn their head side to side when laying on their backs or belly and can bring both hands together at the chest or mouth at the age of 1 month old.
3 – 6 Months:
1.1 At 3 months of age, babies progresses to lifting their head and chest up when lying on their belly and may press up with its arms. At 3 to 4 months old the baby can kicks their legs and move arms when laying on their backs and also bats and try to grasp at toys, according to Healthy Children. A 5 to 6 months old baby begins rolling belly to back and back to belly closer to 6 months old. 6 – 7 Months:1.3 At 6 months Baby can raise their hands above their body Sits with proper support
Begins finger feeding
Babbles and laugh
Changes tone of voice to express their self
Starts to chuckle. Their brains develop enough to form sounds in an effort to
communicate. Imitates integration: understands they can get attention y making noise and banging objects.
1.2 At 7 months a normal healthy baby can sit up by themselves, crawl around also hold on to chair or table and pull themselves up to start taking steps. If you place an object like a toy in front of the baby tempting him or her to reach forward to grab the item or toy up. Babies fine their motor skills and also start to improve movement. Babies also like to put toys in their mouths and rub their gums. When it is time for dinner they can also have solid food to eat especially when the babies are been weaned off the mushy baby food. 8 – 12 months
According to writer, Stehanie Labandz, Babies also start to utter their first words – despite mum’s best efforts; this is often “dada”! Initially, babies use “mama” and “dada” indiscriminately, but as they get older, they learn who’s who. Reading simple books to your baby now will help their speech and build the vocabulary of words that they can understand. Your baby will be ready for small portions of puréed meat and other proteins, such as lentils. If he seems to dislike a food, wait a few days and try it again. You can also introduce easy-to-grasp finger foods, such as soft bread, banana, cheese and steamed vegetables.
Introduce one new food at a time and wait three days before introducing another one, in case of any allergic reaction. Your baby should also start eating lumpier purées at about this age. Babies also learn to take their first steps by holding on to furnitu.re independently while supervised. By now baby has hand to eye coordination and watches you brush your hair then baby can imitate by holding a brush to brush their own hair. They watch you hold a phone to talk and copied your movements. Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/109222-physicaldevelopment-children-ages-years/#ixzz2FIE0iK9v Mar 15.| By Stephanie Labandz
http://www.livestrong.com/article/109222-physical-development-children-ages-years 12 months old – 3 years old
Weight is now approximately 3 times the child’s birth weight. Respiration rate varies with emotional state and activity.
Rate of growth slows.
Head size increases slowly; grows approximately 1.3 cm every six months; anterior fontanels is nearly closed at eighteen months as bones of the skull thicken. Anterior fontanel closing or fully closed, usually at the middle of this year. Chest circumference is larger than head circumference.
Legs may still appear bowed.
Toddler will begin to lose the “Baby Fat” once he/she begins walking. Body shape changes; takes on more adult-like appearance.
2 years old Physical Development
Posture is more erect; abdomen still large and protruding, back swayed, because abdominal muscles are not yet fully developed. Respirations are slow and regular
Body temperature continues to fluctuate with activity, emotional state, and environment. Brain reaches about 80 percent of its adult size.
16 baby teeth almost finished growing out
3 year old Physical Development
Growth is steady though slower than in first two years.
Adult height can be predicted from measurements of height at three years of age; males are approximately 53% of their adult height and females, 57%. Legs grow faster than arms,
Circumference of head and chest is equal; head size is in better proportion to the body.
“Baby fat” disappears as neck appears.
Posture is more erect; abdomen no longer protrudes.
can jump from low step
can stand up and walk around on tiptoes
“Baby” teeth stage over.
Needs to consume approximately 6,300 kJ (1,500 calories) daily
2 – 7 Years old Physical Development
3 year old Physical Development
The 3 year old child has develop in many ways and is now balancing They tend to run faster than before and talk more fluently
A 3 year old can dress him or her self and sometimes puts clothes on back to front without releasing. They hold a pencil or crayon by gripping with firmly with fingers The coordination eye and hand contact of building brick is now easy for the child Go upstairs and spend time on their own playing with toys
Speech is more clearly spoken when having a conversation with family or friends Child can sleep all night dry bed and use the bathroom in the mornings Children at this age can throw a ball and some can catch the ball Riding a tricycle bike is a favourite play time for a 3 year old 4 year old Physical Development
A four year child physical development can walk up and down stairs
Balance on walking on the wall and walking long distance
They can catch a ball and throw a ball also bounce the ball
Getting dress in the morning and doing up buttons and zips
A four year old can go to the toilet by themselves
Some four year can ride a bike without support after learning to balance other ride tricycle bikes, scooters and roller skate A four year old likes to write their names, recognise spellings, they like to paint and draw pictures and tell you what is going on in the picture. They like to run and race each other.
5 year old Physical Development
At this age of 5 years old the child goes to school and mixes with other children They can run and jump also run backwards, roll around and spin around They can balance on a low beam, climb up and down climbing frame Swing on a swing by pushing their legs in and out with the wind Play games together that they invent like mummy’s and daddy’s Some children at this age have an imaginary friend who eats’ and plays with them. They like music and can dance to the rhythm of the beat
A child at this age will like to help out mum when she is working at home They also like to learn how to bake by mixing the butter and sugar together when mum is baking or even at school. They can write and learn reading and colours, making building blocks with Lego At this age the child can hold scissors and cut out shapes, use glue and stick paper when making a hat or what ever art work they are creating. 6 to 7 Year old Physical Development
When a child has reached the age of 6 years old the child can learn and play more in a shorter time of 30 minutes to 45 minutes. They now like to do work that is set for them such as painting, writing and maths They know who is a boy and who is a girl
They know what is fantasy and what is reality
Dress and undress themselves at P.E when at school and follow instructions movements
They grow at a slower rate now
The physical development growth maybe the same pattern as their family history At the age of 6 a child can make connection between feelings and thoughts and action Some children at this age wet him or herself when they get excited At 7 years old a child finds it difficult to make choices special when you take them out they want everything. They are very energetic and love moving around dancing, tapping hand or foot, wiggling they find it hard to sit still. At dinner time they tend to eat with fingers and chat with a mouth full of food Plays on their on and make up a game when playing with toys
They have growth spurts at this age.
7 to 12 Years old Physical Development
According to Heather Robson a writer, Children at the ages 7 to 12 years old do not grow at a fast rate as they used too in the first 6 years of their life. As they are growing into adolescence. Children between 7 and 12 years old are independent when it comes to physical abilities They have the ability to learn how to sew, help paint a wall if your painting, Children at this age 7 to 12 likes to learn a musical instruments like the Clarinet, Piano, Drumming lessons, read music notes. They also tend to sulk a lot at this age of 7, when they don’t get their own ways and withdraw themselves. When a chid is of 7 years old also get very frustrated when they can’t complete something and fail. At 8 years old they learn to play well at group games. They also recognize the time of day. They talk about past times to do with themselves. By the age of 9 children can be critical to others. They now enjoy the company of friends outside their homes.
They have a dress sense of their own when putting clothes together for themselves. They like their hair cuts or styles in a particular way. They want privacy from younger siblings when they have friend or cousin over at their house and no longer want the younger child/children to play in their games. Their bodies go through changes as they come towards the teenage years When the children get older and reach the age of 10 to 12 years old they begin to change body shapes and sizes. Girls they begin to develop breasts and hips by the age of 10 t0 11 years old Some girls start their periods at the age of 11 or 12 depending on their body development.
At this stage in growing up they become anxious about their body and interested in sharing with their friends who age going through the same changes. They are becoming a young woman and are more mature than boys at this age. Girls are following in their mother’s ways of how they developed. Boys at the age of 10 to 12 years old also tend to change body shape and sizes They may notice small pubic hairs start to develop on their body just as girls do. They are at an age when they are more interested in sports and very competitive when playing sports. They love music and dancing show off their best moves of who is better. They want to have muscles in their arms and show their strengths Tend to play among themselves in the play ground at school.
http://www.ehow.co.uk/about physical children 7 -12-years.html