Essays on philosophy,psychology

Psychological Experiments Overview
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Asch 1956 Conformity This was a study of perception. Image yourself as a participant. Assume that you are seated at a table with six other students. Your task is quite simple: you are shown three lines on a card and you must select the line that matches a standard line. As the testing begins, each person announces an answer for the first card. When your turn comes, you agree with the others. For several more trials, your answers agree wit…...
ExperimentPhilosophyphilosophy,psychologyPsychologySocial Psychology
Academic and Professional Skills Development
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There is a new world in the academic and the post academic the students must adapt themselves to. The world has become increasingly competitive and there is an exponential expansion of knowledge and information and this means that the students who will survive in this new world order are the ones who will adapt to keep up with this highly dynamic world. The way universities used to be has changed and they are now not only centres of disseminating knowledge,…...
Philosophyphilosophy,psychologyProfessional DevelopmentPsychologySkills
A Critical Analysis of Jay Adam theory of Biblical Counseling
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In his theory of Christian counseling, Adam gives an approach that is theoretical by arguing that the word of God has the ability to make any person wise for the sake of salvation. This presents a model that teaches, corrects and convinces Christians to uphold biblical teachings on their way to salvation through service of God and demonstrating love to their neighbors (Adam, 1986:12).The theory as well as its entire process is built on the pedestal of sufficiency and the…...
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Carl Ransom Rogers
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Carl Rogers Carl Rogers Carl Ransom Rogers (January 8, 1902 – February 4, 1987) was an influential American psychologist and among the founders of the humanistic approach to psychology. Rogers is widely considered to be one of the founding fathers of psychotherapy research and was honored for his pioneering research with the Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions by the American Psychological Association in 1956. The person-centered approach, his own unique approach to understanding personality and human relationships, found wide application…...
Communication Is Complex
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When two or more people are sharing information, they both are sending and receiving at the same time, sometimes without even saying a word but by simply sending and receiving certain signals. Listening makes one the receiver and at the point when you respond, you become the sender and this interchanging and complex role shifting happens very fast. Non verbal sending and receiving is just as complex. A child could be crying (sending a message) and the parent put her…...
Descartes Dream Argument
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How do we know we are not dreaming some particular experience we are having, or we are not dreaming all our experience of this world? When we dream we imagine things happening often with the same sense of reality as we do when we are awake. In Descartes dream argument, he states there are no reliable signs distinguishing sleeping from waking. In his dream argument, he is not saying we are merely dreaming all of what we experience, nor, is…...
Fundamental Attribution
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The human nature is an interesting subject to study, each individual has their own way of seeing things in their own perspective or ways of persuading others, in order to make sense of their own life’s. Fundamental attribution error being one important concept, this explains a persons behavior, how a person can underestimate circumstances yet overestimate ones characteristics. For example if a man didn’t hold the door for woman when walking into a store, the woman behind him might conclude…...
Free EssaysPhilosophyphilosophy,psychologyPsychology
Guide to Analyzing a Literary Character
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Literary analysis helps to discover the role of each person in the story as well as decode the idea of the author of the particular story. There are two main types of the characters – the protagonist and the antagonist. Both of them are the central heroes; however, the first type of hero is the most important. The other type refers to a hero who interacts with the central character and is in conflict with him. Professional writers usually create…...
Types of Leadership Styles
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Transactional works within the framework Transformational moves to change the framework Trait Leadership based on physical, intellectual, and interpersonal characteristics Great Man Theory people destined for leadership based on birth order, family, education, upbringing Charismatic and Heoric Leadership -emerge in times of crisis as potential saviors -make dominant followers become active Autocratic demands things to be done Democratic negotiate to an outcome Abdicratic delegates withing a group Situational Theories (Hersey+Blanchard) -situation plays a large part in determining leadership qualities and…...
Leadershipphilosophy,psychologyServant Leadership
Perception of Beauty
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The term ‘beauty’ is used in multiple contexts. These can be divided into ‘inner beauty’, describing a goodness of personality, and ‘outer beauty’, concerned with aesthetic appearance. On the surface, disfigurement affects outer beauty, but it has been found that changes in appearance can cause anxiety, depression, grief, and a lowered self-esteem. These strongly affect a person’s disposition. Thus, defects in outer beauty can indirectly alter inner beauty. How do human beings decide who is attractive and who is not?…...
Strengths and weaknesses of Beck’s cognitive theory
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It is evident that Beck’s cognitive theory has a lot of relevance to the field of psychology. For instance, it is clear that depressed people have a tendency to judge themselves in biased ways and this is clearly addresses in the theory. In addition, Beck’s theory is based on a triad that encompasses behavior, antecedent events and consequences. These are clearly affected by the person, the person’s world and the future. In short, Beck’s theory provides a basis for encouraging…...
Philosophyphilosophy,psychologyPsychologyStrengths And WeaknessesWeakness
Theme of Life Experiences in Zorba the Greek
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The unique "Zorba the Greek" by Nikos Kazantzakis is amongst the most popular examples of Greek literature, which includes both ancient and modern-day doctrines of Greek culture, consisted of by two main parts: and, represented by the storyteller and Zorba respectively. Checking out both beliefs, the author suggests that it is difficult to attain absolute fulfillment without combining the passion of Dionysius and the factor of Apollo till the outlook maturates and allows the person actualize him/herself. Today paper is…...
My Life Experiencephilosophy,psychology
Essence of Business Competition and Its Global Practices
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Abstract  In this paper, I am discussing the relevance of the peaceful humanitarian cocept to the hard environment of business compeition. The paper will elaborate types of competition and how they exist in the global world. The paper also reveals shortly on their roles and benefits in the global world. In the final chapter, the paper discovers that the latest developmet of business practices gave birth to further tendencies toward the peaceful humaitarian concept. The increasing practice of CSR concepts…...
My Accomplishments
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Newton’s First Law of Motion states that an object in motion tends to stay in motion in the same direction unless acted upon by an external force. Tell us about an external influence (a person, an event, etc.) that affected you and how it caused you to change direction.             My best friend taught me the definition, as well as, the application of good study habits. See, I am extremely fond of watching television and movies; playing computer games; shopping;…...
Theory of cognitive development
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What is cognitive development? Cognitive advancement is the process of acquiring intelligence and progressively sophisticated idea and issue resolving capability from infancy to adulthood. Piaget's theory of cognitive development is an inclusive theory about the nature and advancement of human intelligence first established by Jean Piaget. It is mainly called a developmental stage theory, but in truth, it handles the nature of knowledge itself and how humans come gradually to obtain it, construct it, and utilize it. Furthermore, Piaget( 1969)…...
Cognitive Developmentphilosophy,psychology
Sports Coaching
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In basketball the game revolves around teamwork from all the gamers on the group. This team effort is established by the coach who organises whatever in video games and likewise in training. A coach is somebody in charge of training an athlete or a team (eLook [online]. It is also said by Lyle (2002) "The role of the coach is to direct and manage the process that results in the accomplishment of recognized (and generally concurred) objectives. This includes the…...
Consumer Culture Is Central to Understanding Contemporary Identities
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As the title suggests, this essay is going to discuss, to what extent does consumer culture affect contemporary identities. In today’s society consumer culture is everywhere and we would probably not be able to survive without it. It became such an important part of our lives that some people even build their carrier around it. Most businesses in modern societies, all around the world work as successfully as they do, simply because people became consumers and they buy their products.…...
General Character’s Problems
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Assignment Question: Base on what you have learned in this course, your textbook and any reference books that you may have read, what are the problems that the main character has? What possible solutions would you suggest (with theoretical support) to solve the problems? In referring to your own life, what have you learned from this scenario and how can you apply these into your life? Introduction According to the case study of assignment, it seems to me that Sammy…...
Tuesdays With Morrie: Life’s Greatest Lesson
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The symbolic interactionism is an excellent sociological perspective that allows us to focus on micro activities and to analyze our society which is the product of everyday’s life. Tuesdays with Morrie is more than a simple book, more than a romance one; it is a great book that teaches us many of life’s greatest lessons. An analysis of this book using the SI perspective and concepts such as meaning making, status, impression management, looking-glass self, role taking, role making, and…...
philosophy,psychologySocial PsychologyTuesdays With Morrie
Family Observation Paper
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Adolescence, the period after middle childhood, is a very crucial time in the life of an individual. Adolescence (age eleven through nineteen or twenty) is the time between childhood and adulthood and is accompanied by major physical, cognitive, and psychosocial changes. For this observation, I will be observing my roommate, Amore, who is eighteen-years-old. Physically, I will be investigating puberty and health. Cognitively, I will be examining Kohlberg’s view on moral reasoning and influence on school achievement. Psychosocially, I will…...
Self Fulfilling Prophecy
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I remember being very young when these self-fulfilling prophecies have actually started. There were times when I would be doing some things and after that suddenly a person crosses my mind. Not long after, I either get a telephone call from that individual or I see that person. Generally, the outcomes of occasions that occur in a person's life is the product of the concept of the self-fulfilling prophecy. It is that which happens when a person's expectations of an…...
Free EssaysPhilosophyphilosophy,psychologyPsychology
Perception Definition
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Meaning: Perception refers to the way we try to understand the world around us. Definition: Perception is the process by which an individual selects, organizes and interprets stimuli into a meaningful and coherent picture. Perception can also be defined as the process by which an individual selects, organizes and interprets stimuli into a meaningful and coherent picture of the environment in which he lives. Perception is a process by which individuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to…...
Human NaturePerceptionPhilosophyphilosophy,psychologyPsychology
The film, My Big Fat Greek Wedding
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In order for counsellors to help their clients evaluate their values in either work or personal issues, they make them look towards both their values and interests. In a study conducted by Neville and Saber (1986), it was found that “values are the objectives sought in behaviour, whereas interests are the activities in which values are sought. ” Therefore, values determine why an individual may undertake a certain activity, whereas interests dictate what a person chooses to do. It has…...
My Big Fat Greek WeddingPhilosophyphilosophy,psychologyPsychology
Ethics – Meaning of life
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1. The Meaning of Life Connect your ideas on the essential meaning of life to the views of at least one philosopher. This philosopher can be someone whom we studied or can come from an outside source. You might connect your ideas in a harmonious or contradictory way. Utilize the academic resources aligned with this course to find a philosopher that coincides with or contradicts your own ideas. Your initial post should be at least 150 words in length. Support…...
EthicsPhilosophyphilosophy,psychologyPsychologyThe Meaning Of Life
Sequence of development
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1.2 Analyse the difference between sequence of development and rate of development and why the distinction is important It is important that this is monitored closely and the distinction between sequence and rate is defined as it can help to distinguish if a child has Special, educational needs. If the sequence and rate of development are not followed it can help professionals to identify that a child might be presenting as having difficulties which could lead to SEN so it…...
Informative Speech on Dreams
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Paper Type:Informative essays
Intro: Can you remember the last dream you had? Maybe you could fly or were falling down an endless dark tunnel. Perhaps you were awakened by a horrific dream in the middle of the night. If any of you are like me you experience vivid dreams. I would like to start by share one of my dream experiences with you all. About two months ago I had a dream that my boyfriend was cheating on me, now I know all…...
Stanford Prison Experiment
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Headed by Phillip Zimbardo, the Stanford Prison Experiment was designed with the aim of investigating how readily people would behave and react to the roles given to them within a simulated prison. The experiment showed that the social expectations that people have of specific social situations can direct and strongly influence behaviour. The concepts evident in the Stanford Prison Experiment include social influence, and within that, conformity. The experiment also greatly showed how external attribution can overpower internal attribution of…...
Philosophyphilosophy,psychologyPsychologyStanford Prison Experiment
Family Identity and “Collective identity”
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David and Bar-Tal’s look at collective identity by incorporating a micro and macro level of research. The first level tells us the individual process of identification; which is important with the surrounding society for molding of one. There are many aspects of identification such as cognitive, motivational, and emotional. Macro is the second level it defines collective identity in a diverse way such as, a situation in which people in society identify themselves as collective and they also know there…...
Obedience to Our Parents
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To be obedient is to obey the orders of one's elders and superiors. There cannot be order unless there is obedience. One has to obey the laws of the country, otherwise the society cannot exist. The laws may be irksome, but, for the overall good of the law one must obey them. For instance, the laws to be obeyed on the road ensures road safety. The laws pertaining to property help society continue without hitches and hindrances. Even in our…...
Flashbulb Memories
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Flashbulb memories are those distinctly precise, vivid, long-lasting, concrete memories, and which are about a personal circumstance that surrounds an individual’s understanding of events that were shocking to him/her. This kind of memory involves remembrance with clarity that is almost perceptual. Some contents that are usually remembered with this kind of clarity include things like where the individual was, where they were, and even whom they were with during such occurrences. The forgetting curve of these memories is relatively less…...
Human NatureMemoryPhilosophyphilosophy,psychologyPsychology
Intercultural Relations and Communication
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There is no need to study intercultural relation. Go over Interaction happens in between individuals who have differing degree of intimacy within each other. Intercultural relations ability is the degree to which people effectively adjust his/her nonverbal and spoken messages to the suitable cultural context (Kiss 2008). Intercultural relations can be taken place when individuals affected by different cultural societies exchange shared significances in interaction. Yet, intercultural relations can be formed of different citizenships, different ethnic and even different faith,…...
Four Things To Do to Increase One’s Level of Contentment and Happiness
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The learned Viktor Frankl contends that “chance decides what happens but we decide how to take it” (cited in Southwick, et. al. , 2006, p. 162). For someone who has been through the most tragic circumstances of human existence, Frankl is surely someone who knows pretty well how happiness is to be pursued in one’s life. While it can be argued that happiness is a state of human living which cannot be singularly defined, we – human persons that we…...
Dream Diary
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One of the dreams that I frequently experience is the one that deals with snakes. At least once a week, I tend to dream of scenarios where I attack snakes and kill them one by one. This kind of dream really bothers me because I am actually diagnosed with ophidiophobia or the fear of snakes and the idea of just being close to these animals horrifies me. Another dream which I usually encounter is the one which centers on school-related…...
Dream Interpretation (Jung vs. Freud)
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There is indeed a point where Freud and Jung would agree and disagree as to the interpretation of the particular dream. For Freud dreams is a conscious expression of our fantasies or wishes that is not available when one is awake. It means that for Freud, dreams are meaningful. On the other hand, Jung thinks the reverse of what Freud believed. He considers dreams as expression of the unconscious psychic process. However, obviously they both believed that the images in…...
Human Growth and Cognitive Development
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According to Jean Piaget’s theory of Cognitive Development children’s cognitive development formal operations is established at the cognitive development stage of about age 12 to 15 years. This is reflected in the child’s ability to reason adolescence hypothetically and independently on concrete states of affairs, with the structures represented by the logical combination systems. The rates at which children will progress through the development succession developed by Piaget may vary from one culture to the other; in addition, different children…...
Cognitive DevelopmentGrowth And DevelopmentPhilosophyphilosophy,psychologyPsychology
Personality Theory: Abraham Maslow
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Of all the psychologists and their theories, the one I find most interesting and believe the most in is Abraham Maslow. I believe his hierarchy of needs is real and that people do fall in one of the levels of his pyramid. Most of us start at a bottom level in life and strive to reach a higher level of financial and educational stability along with a satisfying career. We all have basic needs in life and once we have…...
“Shawshank Redemption” Film Analysis
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Lawrence Kohlberg, a famous psychologist, developed a theory which entailed six stages of moral development. The aim of his theory is to allow individuals to be characterised into one of the stages, based upon their moral & ethical well-being. Life experiences usually allow further development, thus moving the individual to advance to higher stages. On the other hand, Abraham Maslow developed a different theory based on human's most basic needs which is represented in a pyramid type figure containing five…...
Film AnalysisPhilosophyphilosophy,psychologyPsychologyShawshank Redemption
Planned Organizational Change
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Abstract Planned organizational change can be defined in many different ways, and characterized on many different levels. The common denominator listed after reviewing two related Internet articles, indicates that change cannot take place for "change's sake", but must be implemented to accomplish a specific goal or task. Another common statement states that change must also be accepted and embraced before the desired outcome is achieved. Planned Organizational Change Planned organizational change can be defined in many different ways, and characterized…...
Introduction for “Piaget – Stages of cognitive development”
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Swiss Psychologist Jean Piaget (1896-1980) proposed the idea of the four stages of childhood cognitive development. These are age-related stages and refer to certain accomplishments that should be achieved, by the child, at the end of each stage. The first stage of cognitive development is the Sensorimotor stage, which lasts from birth to around two years of age. During this stage, children learn to coordinate their senses (hearing, sight, touch etc.) with their motor abilities. From two to seven years…...
Cognitive DevelopmentPhilosophyphilosophy,psychologyPiagetPsychology
The Forgotten Group Member – Case Study
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The case of the Forgotten Group Member is an excellent example of the complexities and interpersonal dynamics involved in working in a group environment. The text indicates that there are five stages to the team development process; adjourning, forming, storming, performing, and norming. (Schermerhorn 166) To summarize briefly, the case study involved a group of students in an Organization Behavior class assigned to analyze a seven-page situation and provide a written analysis of their findings and conclusions. There were five…...
Case StudyPhilosophyphilosophy,psychologyPsychology
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