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Essay on Philosophical Works

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Dark, Dark Were The Tunnels

This story shows how the two types of people can no longer understand each other. “Dark, Dark Were The Tunnels” does not talk about the original struggles of the people who burrowed into the earth to escape the apocalypse, such as an inability to find food and the emotional impact of being trapped underground, instead it talks about how the people who have adapted to their new situation have c...

Comparison of Machiavelli's and Castiglione's Books

Both authors have two almost totally opposite theories of how to obtain and secure a position of royalty. Machiavelli's ideas are more cruel, violent, and suppressive in nature. Castiglione is almost completely opposite in his theories of a mostly peaceful rule. A Prince/noble himself must select what route he wishes to take by personal preference in deciding what kind of Prince/noble he will beco...

Comparing Political Philosophies of Machiavelli and Weber

However, Machiavelli's definition of the state was the prince's possession while Weber's definition of the state is a government within a territory that is authorized to use legitimate physical violence. Weber's definition of the state is more relevant to the modern understanding of the state as it is the basis of understanding the relationship between the state and its people where the enforcemen...

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The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli

They either died by torture or punishment or hunger or disease. Some were thrown to exiles or deportation. When Stalin died in March 1953, history had mixed reaction thereafter as his merits and demerits. Nearly 40 million Russians died and suffered under his regime. And yet Russia was able to began to establish itself to be a world power through his ruthless leadership. His successor, Nikita Krus...

Rationalism And Empiricism: The Source Of All Knowledge

It is much easier to see when adding much larger numbers, such as 8557 and 23372067. If this were analytical, I would be able to intuitively know the answer as easily as I came up with the answer 12 in the last problem. However, since the answer is not contained within the numbers being summed, this concept is synthetic and also gives new information. In conclusion, Kant recognized the strengths a...

The Enlightenment Era

Leibniz expanded the rationalists’ arguments for the existence of innate ideas that we have innate tendencies and potentialities within us. They both provided the most basic and simple argument to explain the origin of ideas and they both believed in the existence of God, however, although the conclusion they reach is not all that different, how they believe man comes to possess the knowledge he...

Descartes' Epistemology

Descartes said that Cartesian Dualism is justified by the cogito because we only have knowledge of an existing ‘thinking’ entity that has no body, hence the body and the mind should be viewed as separate and neither one has the ability to influence the other (Descartes, 1984:21). I think the cogito concept provokes a sense of identity that each of our thinking may contain and this identity ent...

Father of Modern Philosophy

Second, God’s non-deceiving nature also serves to guarantee the truth of all clear and distinct ideas. So God would be a deceiver, if there were a clear and distinct idea that was false, since the mind cannot help but believe them to be true. Hence, clear and distinct ideas must be true on pain of contradiction. This also implies that knowledge of God’s existence is required for having any abs...

William James

Now, if you are determinists you believe one of these universes to have been from eternity impossible: you believe it to have been impossible because of the intrinsic irrationality or accidentality somewhere involved in it. But looking outwardly at these universes, can you say which is the impossible and accidental one, and which the rational and necessary one? I doubt if the most ironclad determi...

Do We Have Free Will?

Libet’s experiment seems to have raised concern and controversy. Libet’s experiment shows that brain activity is the catalyst in causing behaviour, actions and the processes of decision making, this is possible. However, neuroscientific experimentation of ‘free will’ does not seem likely. The title of the paper seems politically incorrect, as the experiment does not concern free will, but ...

Immanuel Kant and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Kant also agrees that in order to be enlightened, man can’t simple follow the view of majority which I think is mre pragmatic and realistic . In the end both authors provide a thought-provoking and insightful perspective on the relationship between society and man and provide useful and influential theories to reach ideal balance between preserving the freedom of man, and retaining the order and...

Theory On Deontology

With Kant’s theory I believe we can make a more sound argument as an approach to ethics. With Kant we have to take situations and become very specific with them. We focus on what the action is and universalize it. That way no matter where in the world it can apply to everyone and won’t contradict itself. Then and only then we decided if it is morally right. Also Kant’s theory is good because...

Plato on Perception and Reality

For better or for worse, perception makes or breaks us. “When he approaches the light his eyes will be dazzled, and he will not be able to see anything at all of what are now called realities... He will require to grow accustomed to the sight of the upper world. And first he will see the shadows best, next the reflections of men and other objects in the water, and then the objects themselves; th...

An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

Empiricism as a unique strategy of substantiating attainments faces fundamental difficulties. Firstly, it is difficult to ascertain, based only on experimental data, the similarity of our sensations to the material objects themselves. Since, according to the condition, one can not leave the limits of one's own perception. Secondly, it is extremely difficult to prove on the basis of perception, whe...

An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

To conclude, John Locke’s essay is one of the most prominent philosophical works explaining the essence of the understanding. At the beginning of a study, John Locke provides a strong proof that if all the facts a human ever comes to understand are inborn, then the doctrine about innateness is not valid as the mind knows many truths and when a baby is born he should already have them in his unde...

General Will According to Rousseau's Philosophy

While speaking about the general will and the law-making process, one of the first things that come to the mind is that who should implement those laws? Should there be any coordinating body to handle all the problems that may endanger the general will? Rousseau believed that to maintain the public good; the general will needs an institution that will support it. Apart from the legislator, there i...

John Locke and His Plan of Tabula Rasa

Through its social occasion this theory makes folks credulous and simple to manipulate. In the same manner during which he rejects innate ideas, he conjointly cannot settle for the existence of changeless principles. He solely admits as inborn the schools that create gaining data doable, and not their results. psychological feature schools are natural and therefore the rules they elaborate are pos...

Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger

From a Heideggerian perspective, human understanding stems from experiencing the world intersubjectively, and making inevitable interpretation of humans' meaning construction. Moreover, Smith et al. (2009) elucidates that 'our being-in-the-world' is always temporal and related to something. This moved phenomenology away from Husserl's theory about the existence of essential reality, to an understa...

The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli AndThe Education of a Christian Prince by Desiderius Erasmus

Like Machiavelli, I believe that it is important for a ruler to have good secretaries and ministers for they will help the ruler run a good government provided that they themselves are not pursuing their own self-interest. For me, military power is important but not to be used in sustaining political control nor for territorial expansionism. A government must have enough military power and readine...

The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli

Thus Machiavelli shows why his name has become synonymous with treachery and deceit. He counsels deceit and dishonesty, saying that the prince must seem to be a pious man, full of virtue and ethics, but this seeming virtue is classically Machiavellian, in that he means the opposite and he says that a prince who is truly virtuous will not long remain in power. He wrote that another prince who is no...

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