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Philosophical concepts Essay Examples

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Fate or Free will Romeo and Juliet

Fate: Is it just an excuse? Excuses are something people use to clear themselves or others of the blame of their own foolish actions. In Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, it is not fate, but impulsive and desperate actions that bring about the downfall of Romeo and Juliet. In the Victorian era, fate was known as the development of events out of human control, and determined by a supernatural power. By no means was the demise of Romeo and Juliet out…...

The Fate of a Hero: Ironman The Modern Hero

Stories of heroes have actually been informed, composed, and passed down given that the beginning of time; each special however following a tight pattern. Joseph Campbell was the very first to observe this and wrote a book called The Hero With A Thousand Deals with. Campbell discussed the resemblances of every hero's journey while simplifying into three actions: Departure, Initiation, and Return. In his book, Campbell compares lots of old Greek myths and brave tales from centuries ago, and although…...

The Role of Fate in Oedipus Rex

Oedipus Rex was written by Sophocles as a tragedy highlighting the inevitability of fate in the lives of human beings. The finality of fate underlies in the entire theme of the play. To quote Charles Segal, “The story of Oedipus is the archetypal myth of personal identity in Western culture. It is the myth par excellence of self-knowledge, of human power and human weakness, of the determining forces of the accidents of birth that we can neither change nor escape.”…...

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Anselm’s Ontological Argument in Philosophy

Anselm’s ontological argument The ontological argument was put forth at first as a prayer by the eleventh century monk and philosopher Anselm of Canterbury. In his Proslogion, which means discourse, he presented this argument as a prayer for believers to substantiate their belief in god. Anselm uses ‘a priori’ (which means before experience) reasoning, which conveys that it does not rely or depend on experience and so an argument of this sort is more plausible and likely to intrigue and…...

Although “Romeo and Juliet” Was Written by William Shakespeare in About 1600, Its Themes of Fate and Death, Love and Hate Are Enduring Concerns for Us Today. Discuss.

3. Although “Romeo and Juliet” was written by William Shakespeare in about 1600, its themes of fate and death, love and hate are enduring concerns for us today. Discuss. ~ “Romeo and Juliet” is a tragedy, written by the renowned Shakespeare in the 1600’s, which has remained a popular play for many people today. It tells the story of two star crossed lovers whose fleeting romance is ended by tragedy. The reason that this play is so appealing to audiences’…...

Plato’s “The allegory of the Cave”

Plato’s “The allegory of the Cave” addresses so many different areas of philosophy including, epistemology, metaphysics, asceticism, ethics, etc. In his allegory it is important to seek what Plato is trying to accomplish through locating his rhetorical devices, his tone, his position and arguments, in order to develop meaning to his allegory. Plato’s philosophies include education, interaction, individuality, and human nature to make his statement of what the correct path to “enlightenment” should be, being expressed through symbolism, imagery, themes,…...

Romeo and Juliet- Victims of Fate or Choice

Romeo and Juliet were not victims of fate: as many people believe, but instead were two lovers that made terrible choices. When I was a little kid; I often times heard the love between a boy and a girl referred to as Romeo and Juliet. I would always think to myself that I wanted to be just like them some day. However as I grew up and actually read the story and was old enough to interpret the events that…...

Rahat Fateh Ali Khan

Rahat Fateh Ali Khan, born in 1974, is a Pakistani singer, primarily of Qawwali, a devotional music of the Muslim Sufis. He is the nephew of Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and son of Ustad Farrukh Fateh Ali Khan and also the grandson of legendary Qawwali singer Fateh Ali Khan.[1]In addition to Qawwali, he also performs ghazals and other light music. He is popular as a Bollywood and Lollywood playback singer. ahat was born into a Punjabi family of Qawwals…...

Tripartite Theory of Knowledge

It’s arguably one of the greatest philosophical debates of all time; what does it mean to know? The Tripartite Theory is a model that tries to define individually necessary and jointly sufficient conditions to know a proposition. Edmund Gettier wrote a three page paper that philosophers to this day are still trying to debunk. This essay investigates how Gettier shows that the Tripartite Theory of Knowledge fails, which then leads to a discussion whether the theory can ever be fixed.…...

Dystopian Society in the Cyberpunk Novel Feed

The cyberpunk novel, Feed, is a book which explores the dangers of overpowering consumerism. Author MT Anderson uses language to develop the theme of a failing futuristic society as an outcome of constant consumerist influence. Anderson uses character dialogue, descriptions of environmental degradation and internally received ‘banners’ or advertising inside the characters’ heads to explore the problems encountered when a society fails to protect their most valuable resource – nature. The characters in Feed are all implanted with a chip…...

The Greatest Ethical Ideal in Philosophy

There are so many ethical ideal that I have learned from this subject, got honesty, forgiveness, justice, etc. However, I think that the greatest ethical ideal that I have learned is beneficence. In normal word, beneficence is meaning the action to do benefit and promote the good to other people. While in the language of a principle or rule of beneficence refers to a normative statement of a moral obligation to act for the benefit of other, helping them to…...

New Directions in Planning Theory

Chapter #9 Summary: New Directions in Planning Theory Susan S. Fainstein Susan S. is professor of urban planning and acting program director in Columbia University. In this article she discusses and critiques contemporary planning theory in terms of its usefulness in addressing what I believe to be its defining question: what is the possibility of consciously achieving widespread improvement in the quality of human life within the context of a global capitalist political economy. She examines the three approaches referred…...

Fate vs free will

Are humanity victims of an inescapable fate, or does humanity have the power to create their own destiny? Throughout the play Romeo and Juliet Shakespeare uses the story to talk about Fate vs. free will. Shakespeare uses many examples of Fate vs. Freewill. In the play Romeo and Juliet Shakespeare uses the characters to talk about fate vs. freewill. The quote from the prologue “ A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life…”(I prologue 6) sets the stage of saying…...

Theme of fate in Romeo & Juliet - GCSE coursework

Despite fate’s grasp on Romeo and Juliet being clear from the beginning, their choices in the play cause fate to build momentum and accelerate their lives to their inevitable end. Shakespeare’s original presentation of fate is of an inescapable event, but how the characters get there is less certain and more chance. Whereas Luhrmann’s fate is cruller and more controlling, but both interpretations of fate have the result of uniting the feuding families. Fate commands the lives of the characters…...

Fate vs Free will in Macbeth

The tragedy of Macbeth, written by William Shakespeare in the 1600s, continues to be one of Shakespeare’s darkest, most powerful tragedies. The play, set in Scotland, depicts the rise and fall of King Macbeth. It explores whether Macbeth was in charge of his own destiny in his quest for power, or under the control of others surrounding him. The play examines many themes, especially those concerning evil. A prominent theme in Macbeth is fate vs freewill. Is it fate, or…...

Augustine's Philosophical Views Against Skepticism

Though considered one of the founders of theology, specifically in terms of Christianity, it is also widely accepted that St. Augustine played a large role in philosophy as well. In being familiar with total skepticism, the idea that nothing can be known, Augustine advised that this thought could be disproven in at least three distinct ways. According to Augustine, these “three refutations” of skepticism are the principle of non-contradiction, the act of doubting and refutation relating to perception. The first…...

Confucianism vs Daoism in Chinease Philosophy

Confucianism and Daoism, although are intermingled among people who practice them, have very different views on what is necessary to become an exemplary person. Confucianism is based on the thought that education, history, structure, rules and regulation will lead to achievement and becoming fully human. Daoists, although they believe in order, hate structure, do not believe in education, and feel wandering, or going with the flow, being with nature, is most important in life. While education is most important to…...

Analysis of Jealousy and Envyness in Literature

In the beginning look the typical individual might think that the words jealous and envious can be used interchangeably, since they are synonyms, however if you stop and evaluate these two words you will discover that they are not all that interchangeable. When it comes to deciding what words are kept in a language and what words are eventually changed by more effective words, a linguist knows that a language can only stand to keep words that communicate something and…...

A priori and A posteriori Philosophical Concepts

The terms a priori and a posteriori are used in philosophy to distinguish two different types of knowledge. A priori knowledge is independent of experience, for example all bachelors are unmarried men. We know this is a priori knowledge because we only have to understand the definitions in the phrase. From this we can draw out that all unmarried men are bachelors and no married man can be a bachelor. According to Kant all a priori knowledge is analytic which…...

Slumdog Millionaire Movie Rerview

One movies I’ve seen is “Slumdog Millonaire” directed by Danny Boyle. The movie tells about the story of Jamal Malik, an 18 year-old orphan from the slums of Mumbai, who is about to experience the biggest day of his life. With the whole nation watching, he is just one question away from winning a staggering 20 million rupees on India's "Kaun Banega Crorepati" it was about:Who Wants To Be A Millionaire? But when the show breaks for the night, police…...

Wisdom Comes Through Experience and Humour

Humour or humor (see spelling differences) is the tendency of particular cognitive experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement. The term derives from the humoral medicine of the ancient Greeks People of all ages and cultures respond to humour. Most people are able to experience humour—i.e., to be amused, to smile or laugh at something funny—and thus are considered to have a sense of humour. Thehypothetical person lacking a sense of humour would likely find the behaviour induced by humour…...

Philosophical Concepts of Act and Rule Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism is a theory, which first became widely acknowledge when it was adopted by its greatest advocate Jeremy Bentham. It is a theory that maintains that it is an action's total consequence that determines its moral correctness. It is a theory not concerned with the effects of the action on the individual carrying out the action, but instead the effect it has on everybody affected by the action. It also maintains that it is happiness that is key to life's…...

The fate of Oedipus and Pentheus

I am going to compare and contrast Oedipus from Sophocles's Oedipus the King and Pentheus from Euripides's Bacchae. The difference between both of them is that Oedipus encounters the face of truth after performing the actions and as a result, his heart is surrounded with the feeling of pain and sorrow leading him to purposely punish and take revenge against himself whereas in the case of Pentheus, his foolish and grumpy attitude leads him to perform actions in temptation which…...

Kant's Critique of Utilitarianism Ethics

Kant's critique of Utilitarianism is that it treats people as a means not as an ends in themselves. Since he is a deontologist he presumes that there is a universal moral imperative, certain ways in which we must act, no matter what our individual desires or needs or utility might be. The Categorical Imperative is an idea of reason. This knowledge is not derived from experience but rather, it is a priori. It also binds us and we all act…...

God in Augustinian and Irenaean Theodicy

The problem of evil is a considerable and long-lasting philosophical and doctrinal dispute. A question is often raised and gone over: if God is both all-loving and all-powerful, then how can evils-including natural evil and moral evil-- exist in our world? In action to the charge that the evils of the world are incompatible with God's omnipotence and ideal goodness, the word"theodicy" is coined to handle the problem of evil. Normally it is an effort to reveal that it is…...

Dystopian Society in Modern Literature

A dystopia is rather typical as a literary subject. It is generally unpleasant, with a repressive society and/or stringent judgment force, and is the flip side to another typical literary subject; a utopian society, in which whatever is best to either the residents or/and lead character. Some stories embeded in a dystopian universe or 'world' might appear quite regular or perhaps even 'perfect' in the beginning, however ultimately the factors behind that become evident and become rather undesirable for the…...

Seven Taoist Masters Novel Summary

The master that I chose is Sun Pu-erh. Since her troubles with attaining the Tao were that she thought she was a genius from the beginning and needed very little meditation and principle to attain the Tao. But she learned down the road that there is no such thing as knowing too much. She has shown the most perseverance to attain the Tao, by even scaring her face so that she could travel to a village so she could attain…...

The role that Fate plays in "Romeo and Juliet"

In "Romeo and Juliet" Shakespeare uses the contemporary superstitious beliefs and plays on them using the main characters Romeo and Juliet. For the duration of the Elizabethan era, people rested on their beliefs on God, superstition and fate to get through their everyday lives. They contemplated the fact that the world, in general, had had a stability of both good and evil. There are many specific examples which illustrate how the subject of fate had impacted on the public at…...

Black dog of fate

The Book “Black Dog of Fate” by Peter Balakian is a memoir by the Armenian genocide survivors’ descendants that lived in the United States of America and it was written in the suburbs of Tenafly, New Jersey, where the author grew up. The author tries to relate his personal history and happenings in his family to the general story of the Armenians. It is the story of a young man’s realization of his background and the huge massacres that occurred…...

Macbeth was doomed by fate or by a flaw in his character

In the play "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare, it is very controversial whether or not Macbeth was doomed by fate or by a flaw in his character. It could be argued that Macbeth was doomed both by fate and by a flaw in his character. On one hand, the role of the witches influence could be regarded as a major external force that exploited Macbeth's character flaws. However, on the other hand, Macbeth's ambitious nature and greed for power was the…...

Dystopian Society in V for Vendetta

V for Vendetta, the dystopian film based on the graphic novel by Alan Moore, is the film that will be discussed in this response. The film showcases a world that is ravaged by nuclear war, and is centered on England (more specifically London), which is shown as being ruled over by a fascist party known as Norsefire. The protagonist is an unknown masked terrorist like figure known only as V, who is waging a vendetta against the government for inflicting…...

Dystopian Society

Compare the dystopian societies, and the methods used to create them, in ‘The Handmaids Tale’ by Margaret Atwood, and ‘1984’ by George Orwell (paying particular attention to the representation of gender). The futuristic and oppressive themes that define a dystopian society are in ‘1984’ by George Orwell and ‘The Handmaids Tale’ (THT) by Margaret Atwood. These forms of society feature contrasting types of repressive social control and these stories often explore the concept of humans abusing technology or the rights…...

The Fates of Greek Mythology

If "The Fates" precede the Greek Gods and relatively have control over their destinies in addition to those of humankind, then why are they not glorified figures in Greek folklore? Greek mythology is focused upon the different Gods and their contributions to every element of human life. Individuals of Ancient Greece worshipped Zeus and his contemporaries and exalted them in a number of mythological works. In the eyes of individuals, the Gods controlled every sector of Greek society. The Moirai,…...

Philosophical Theories of Dualism and Idealistic Monism

In philosophy and more specifically metaphysics, dualism has been defined as the belief that two fundamental and incompatible types of things that make up the universe; idealistic monism argues instead that the universe is made up of just one thing, and that is the realm of ideas or the mind. Hence, if one were to very simplistically state the difference between dualism and idealistic monism, one may argue that dualism stands for the concept of body versus mind whereas idealistic…...

Socrates Philosophy in Meno Dialogue

Meno is among the Socratic dialogues that were inscribed by Plato early in the Fourth Century B. C in Greece. Plato wrote the article in an attempt to determine the befitting definition of virtue as he understood it. He wanted to come with a common meaning of virtue which applied evenly to every particular virtue; this he succeeds with the use of the dialogue between Socrates and Meno. The dialogue between Meno and Socrates tries to define what aspects makes…...

Summary of Characters in Dystopian Societiy of Feed

Summary In Feed by M.T. Anderson, Titus is a teenager with a feed. A feed is a computer implanted in the brain which is used similarly to a smartphone. The story takes place in the United States as well as the Moon, roughly one hundred years in the future. Titus and his friends receive suggestions, such as advertisements, from the feed on what products to purchase and venues to visit. Titus' love interest Violet is against the feed and her…...

Comparing and contrasting “The Matrix” and Plato's “The Allegory Of The Cave”

Comparing and contrasting the synopsis “The Matrix” to Plato's “The Allegory Of The Cave” and also Descartes “Meditation I Of The Things Of Which We May Doubt” which have several similarities and also some differences. In all three of these stories the main idea is that reality is in question. In the Matrix, the human being is in a pod like machine that is controlled by a computer simulating what we think and know to be reality. Reality is not…...

The Role of Fame, Fate, and Destiny in Beowulf

Beowulf dedicated his last breath to save his people from the ravages of a deadly monster.  Despite the frailties of old age, he hastened once more to save the day.  Unfortunately, the terrible earth dragon was too much for him.  Beowulf succumbed to his wounds and died.  The last lines of this great Anglo Saxon epic was a tribute to him, “Thus the men of Geatland, his hearth-companions, mourned their hero's passing, and said that of all the kings of…...

Philosophical Theories of Idealism, Realism and Marxism

Contrast and compare between the conservative theories of idealism and realism and the transformative theory of Marxists Intro Critically discuss the similarities and the difference of conservative theories and transformative or critical theories. These theories entail idealism, realism in contrast liberalism and Marxism. 5 Main assumptions to draw a concluding contrats between a Marxist transformative theory and theories of idealism and realism” Assumption 1 Firstly, like Realism, Marxist transformative theory assumes that the structure of the international system is an…...

Fate in Homer's Iliad

Talking about fate as about the only force that determines the human actions means to refer to a term that vexes and limits the human condition. The fate is given by the reaction of gods, but it is placed above people and gods. The gods participate to the human existence to help or to oppress them. The success doesn't depend on the individual value, but on the support provided by Immortals, without any justification. Zeus is presented as the incarnation…...

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