Philippine Constitution affirms that education is the birth right of all Filipinos. This means that education should be available to all Filipinos whatever their age, creed, abilities, social and economic status.
Educating all Filipino is very great challenge to our educational system. Addressing this Constitutional pronouncement need the dedication and commitment of all teachers that considerably carries the responsibility and accountable to process learning and see to it that pupils attained satisfaction of their rights regardless of their age, creed, abilities, social and economic status.
To determine the child’s performance and competence of teacher standardized test as NAT is the high-flying instrument to measure both performance. The bases whether pupils perform well and mastered the required competencies of said school which also the manifestation of the quality of the teachers present in a particular school, and assumption to be competent in local , national, and global viewpoint. Statement of the Problem This study sought to describe and analyse the performance of Del Hilado Elementary School (DES) grade III pupils in Science on the National Achievement Test (NAT) for the SY 2010 – 2011.
Furthermore, this study aims to trace up the history of performance of Del Hilado Elementary School (DHES) grade III pupils in National Achievement Test (NAT) three years backward and to determine the competency that mostly grade III pupils find hard to master. Finally, design an intervention program that focuses the grade III pupils to get grips the competency. Specifically, the study answered the following questions: 1. What is the relationship of teaching strategies to the performance of Del Hilado Elementary School Grade III pupils on the NAT? 2.
What is the relationship between the School’s Post-test in Grade III in Science as measured by the Nat? 3. How is Science taught in school? Scope and Delimitation This study is primarily concern with the performance of Del Hilado Elementary School (DHES) grade III pupils in Science of the National Achievement Test. In particular with the competency of Science which pupils find difficulties to be au faith with. In addition this study aims to ascertain the causative factor of the low performance of Del Hilado Elementary School of grade III pupils in Science on National Achievement Test (NAT). Teachers’ competence * Materials * Assessment tools and facilities Significance of the Study This study provide insights to the school administrator to be focus and develop a leadership style that would encourage everyone, brought awareness the problem that causes the deterioration of the performance of Del Hilado Elementary School (DHES) grade III pupils on the National Achievement Test (NAT) predominantly in Science. Through this document teachers will able to reflect, evaluate her/his failures and made necessary variation to be effective.
The result of this study will also serve to gain more insights for the principal and teachers to work with the following: 1. Bringing classroom level to national level 2. Improve performance of Grade III pupils in Science 3. Enhance teachers’ strategies in teaching Science. Consequently, generates concerted effort and mutual furtherance among the school personnel and apparently parents. Definition of terms Standard deviation – a measurement of variability and clustering around the mean. Mean – also known as the arithmetic mean, a value that helps summarize an entire set of numbers.
A set’s mean is calculated by adding the numbers in the set together and dividing their sum by the number of members of the set. Mean Percentage Score (MPS) – mean divided by the number of cases times 100. NAT – National Achievement test standardized test that administered by the national to measure the pupils’ mastery in the competency and also may reflect the teachers performance . An examination that measures the extent to which a person has acquired certain information or mastered certain skills, usually as a result of specific instruction.
Performance – accomplishment of something prescribe by the department (teaching, exams)| The accomplishment of a given task measured against preset known standards of accuracy, completeness, cost, and speed. In a contract, performance is deemed to be the fulfilment of an obligation, in a manner that releases the performer from all liabilities under the contract. | Science – systematic study of anything that can be examined, tested, and verified. The word science is derived from the Latin word scire, meaning “to know. From its early beginnings, science has developed into one of the greatest and most influential fields of human endeavour. Today different branches of science investigate almost everything that can be observed or detected, and science as a whole shapes the way we understand the universe, our planet, ourselves, and other living things School – an institution of teaching children. Post-test – a school based test that administered towards the end of the year a summative test that covers all from the very first lesson to the last.
Child – a young human being between birth and puberty. Teacher – is a person who provides education for pupils or students. who facilitates education for an individual may also be described as a personal tutor, or, largely historically, a governess. The role of teachers, school heads and school counsellors in continuous assessment is quite different according to each one. The teacher’s role is to give his students the opportunity to assess their own skills and to be able to improve their levels and it’s at the same time a ool for the teacher to know exactly what are his students’ needs and weaknesses and to remediate to them in an efficient way. For the school heads and school counsellors their role is to supervise teachers and help them carry out their assessment in good working conditions so that it achieve its aim which is improving students’ performance and learning. Principal – head teacher or the manger in a school whose duty define as a leader, communicator, moderator and other functions that constitutes as a senior in the school.
Review of Related Literature Ogden Lindsley, make classroom instruction in science called Precision teaching. An approach is teaching that emphasizes behaviour or performance. An instrument scientifically designed to elicit correct and rapid performance for feedback and positive reinforcement following appropriate behaviour. According to the following, Benet and Simon (1996), Wechsler (1975), R. L. Thorndike (1913), Guilford (1985), and Grander (1983) suggested that intelligence is a global aspects of one’s personality.
Accordingly, intelligence can conclude not only abilities to learn academic subjects, deal with abstraction, and solve problems but also the ability to withstand stress and distractions, be motivated, remain emotionally stable, be interested in learning, be socially competent and display physical grace. What teachers need to know about learning? Intrinsic motivation – is what influences learners to choose a task get energized about it, and persist until they accomplish it successfully regardless of whether it brings on immediate rewards. A motivation to engage in activity for its own sake.
Attribution theory – a perspective of motivation that assumes that people seek to understand why they succeed or fails. Self-efficacy theory – an appraisal or evaluation that a person makes about his or her personal competence to succeed at a particular task; an individual’s personal expectations, internal standards and self-concept. Self-determination – an appearance that holds that an attitude of determination is the foundation for motivated behaviour. For the past 20 years, public opinion has identified field of lack of discipline as the number one problem facing beginning teachers.
The overwhelming majority of beginning teachers routinely express concerns about classroom control and frequently experience discipline problems during their initial months and year in the classroom (Rogan, Borich, ;amp; Taylor, 1992). Much more those teachers that only gained units of education to qualify as a teacher. According to Slavin: Leaving aside for a moment the special case of acceleration, nearly all researchers would agree that the achievement effects of between-class ability grouping (tracking) for all students are small to nil. What does this say to the practitioner?
Since arguments for ability for grouping depend entirely on the belief that grouping increases achievement, the absence of such evidence undermines any rationale for the practice. The harm done by ability groups, I believe, lies not primarily in effects on achievement but in other impacts on low and average achievers. For example, low tracks students are more likely to be delinquent or to drop out of the school than similar low achievers not in low track (Wiatrowski, Hansell, Massey, ;amp; Wilson, 1982). Perhaps, most important, tracking works agints our national ideology that all created equal and our desire to be one nation.
The fact that African-American, Hispanic, and low socioeconomic students in general wind up so often in the low tracks is repugnant on its face. Why would we want organized our schools this way if we have no evidence that it helps students to learn? (Slavin, 1991,p. 70) The question of Quality education is not new to us as Philippine Education is concern; Philippine Educational System is a product of over research kind of educational system to compete internationally, particularly at the basic or primary level is now very much on the world agenda.