Outline on the Free Will Argument Essay
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I. Introduction a. Attention Gatherer: Nothing is completely random, and everything is determined, as the determinist would say, but as humans, there is such a thing as self determinism. Each action has a cause, it is not random, and it is rational, but it is also a choice. Each individual can choose to do a multitude of things, and thus the actions are free, and they are not wholly predictable, but they are not wholly unpredictable either. b. Thesis: Free Will is Free Choice.
Summary: i. Premise 1: God knows every choice a person can and will make, because he is omniscient, but he does not force the individual to make the choice. ii. Premise 2: The Denial that actions can be free is self defeating. iii. Premise 3: An individual’s subjectivity transcends his or her objectivity. d. Not every part of a human being can be analyzed under a microscope. A person’s individual reason and rational decision making abilities can be predicted but never known for sure except in the all knowing omniscience of God.
II. Body e. Transition: It was predestined that the group would speak on the arguments of free will, but the group indeed had the ability to choose from other topics. Predestination only means that it is known by a completely free and omniscient being what we will decide throughout life. f. Main Points iv. Premise 1: 1. Reformed self determinism states that every action in life is a choice guided by the free will of an individual. 2.
Though there are some cases that an individual did not choose, such as the environment he or she is born into, that is an outward and objective occurrence, and does not disprove the ability for that individual to see multiple paths to take and to choose one over the other. v. Premise 2 3. Determinists will say that Self-determinist philosophers ought to change their views. This goes against the theory that we have no ability to choose what we believe because every action has a causal relationship.
Every action cannot be a cause and effect if there is a choice to change from one belief to another. vi. Saint Aquinas attempted to explain God as the first mover, and that all things followed after God’s initial cause. But also, It was Adam the first man, who chose to bring sin into the world, God did not cause that to be, and neither did anything outside of Adam, and therefore it was Adam’s self determinant choice to sin against the laws of God. vii. Premise 3: 4. Adam’s decision was made by his subjective ability to reason.
There is no way for a scientist or other being to take apart Adam and physically analyze Adam’s ability to reason. Since choices and reasoning are not at all physical, they cannot share a physical cause and effect relationship, and have nothing to do with determinist’s causal relationship philosophy. 5. A man takes a woman on a date. At the end of the date, the man gives the woman a choice as to whether or not she wants him to take her home or to take her back to his home.
The woman will make this choice, and though the prediction of what she will do can be determined through the physical and outward experiences of the evening, what cannot be seen in the prediction is the woman’s personal reasoning, and even though the evening could have been a horrible one, she may choose to go home with him in attempt to give the man another chance. III. Conclusion g. Transition: All of these illustrations and examples support the self determinist claim of the existence of free choice.
h. Omniscience does not mean every choice in life is predetermined and unchangeable. It means that, given it is not forced or obligated, every individual can choose from multiple paths and it is based on their ability to cause themselves. Changing one’s being or beliefs are not possible if everything is predetermined to be a certain way. Free choice cannot be disproven by physical cause and effect relationships because the subjective human being takes precedence over any physical action or definition.