Oscar Wilde

Full Name
Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde

October 16, 1854

Dublin, Ireland

Father Name
William Wilde

Father Occupation

Father achievements
Knighted, founded St. Mark’s Ophthalmic Hospital

Mother Name
Jane Francesca Elgee

Mother Occupation
Poet associated with the Young Irelander Rebellion of 1848

Mother achievements
Skilled linguist, acclaimed English translation of Wilhelm Meinhold’s “Sidonia the Sorceress”

Early School
Portora Royal School at Enniskillen, graduated 1871

Early School achievements
Won prize for top classics in his last 2 years, second place in drawing in last year; awarded Royal School Scholarship for Trinity College in Dublin

Trinity College in Dublin, graduated 1874; Magdalen College in Oxford, graduated 1878

Trinity College achievements
First in school’s classics examination and won Foundation Scholarship (highest honor awarded to undergraduates); on graduation, won Berkeley Gold Medal for being best student in Greek, and Demyship scholarship for further study at Magdalen College in Oxford

Magdalen College achievements
First class marks in classics and classics examination; poem “Ravenna” won Newdigate Prize for best English verse composition by Oxford undergraduate

After Oxford (Magdalen)
Moved to London to live with Frank Miles, a popular portraitist in high society; continued to focus on poetry; published collection, “Poems”, in 1881

American Lecture Tour
Traveled to NYC for American Lecture Tour in 1882; met Henry Longfellow, Oliver Wendell Holmes, and Walt Whitman(most admired)

England and Ireland Lecture Tour
Right after American Tour to 1884; established himself as a leading advocate of aesthetic movement

Aesthetic Movement
Theory of art and literature that emphasizes the pursuit of beauty for its own sake, rather than to promote any political or social viewpoint (big influence in The Picture of Dorian Gray)

May 29, 1884, married Constance Lloyd

2 sons; Cyril, born 1885, and Vyvyan, born 1886

Lady’s World
Hired to run it a year after his marriage. Expanded coverage to talk about what women felt, not just fashion, but also ok for men to read

Creativity period

Acclaimed Works
“The Happy Prince and Other Tales”, 1888, children’s book; “Intentions”, 1891, argues tenets of aestheticism; “Lady Windermere’s Fan”, 1892, first play, popular, gets Wilde to adopt playwriting as primary literary form

“Lady Windermere’s Fan”, 1892, first play, popular, gets Wilde to adopt playwriting as primary literary form; “A Woman of No Importance” 1893; “An Ideal Husband” 1895; “The Importance of Being Earnest” 1895

The Picture of Dorian Gray
1891; cautionary novel about beautiful young man, Dorian Gray, who wishes (and gets his wish) that his portrait ages while he remains youthful and lives life of sin and pleasure.

The Picture of Dorian Gray when it came out
Critics outraged by lack of morality. Wilde defends himself in preface to novel (preface considered a great testament to aestheticism

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