We are doing the Traditional Australian Aboriginal families. The traditional Aboriginals were located in Australia and Tasmania. It is believed that Australian Aboriginals travelled from Africa to Asia around 60 000 years ago and arrived in Australia 50 000 years ago. Today, about 1% of Australian people are Aboriginal. Religion was a very large part of the Aboriginal culture. They do not have a formal religion but they were very spiritual. They believed in The Dreaming, which was when the Ancestral Beings moved across the land and created life and features in the land.
Dreamtime stories are told by songs, dance, stories or paintings and pasted through the generations. Aboriginals had a complex family system; it varies from tribe to tribe. But a typical Aboriginal family consisted of grandparents, men and their wives and children. The women played the main role in educating the children but the men and women both shared the roles of healers, law makers, performers and painters. CHANGE PP. The main role of the women was to gather food. They would collect seeds, vegetables, fruits, insects and larvae.
It was then their job to cook and prepare the meal. Women took care of the children until they reached the age of six. CHANGE PP. Until around age 6, children would get looked after by their mother. After this age, boys would learn hunting with their fathers and girls would learn food gathering with their mothers. Children would help and care for elders when they needed help physically. The elders of a group were the roles models. Elders would educate and teach the children and children helped them physically.
Everyone had a lot of respect for the elders as they had a lot of knowledge and experience. They would decide if the group was to move camp. A typical Aboriginal family used to hunt, craft and tell stories each day. Each day the aboriginal men would go hunting for food using tools they had made themselves. The women and children would spend the day gathering foods. As they did this the women would educate the children on religion and tell them dream stories. At the end of the day the women would cook the meal for the large family around a camp fire.
Aboriginal children and families played a lot of games and music together. They would play traditional music that was handed down through generations. Didgeridoos, rattles, clapping sticks and boomerangs were all used as instruments. Ceremonies were a huge part of Aboriginal life. The main ceremonies they conduct are for health of crops and land, initiation of children to adulthood and funerals. These ceremonies can go for days and even months and almost the entire community are involved.
They sing songs, decorate themselves and tell stories during ceremonies. The head of a typical clan is usually one of the eldest and talented men and is followed by younger men. The leader position was passed down from father to son. In conclusion, traditional Aboriginal families were very respectful of each other. They each have a specific role in society and each contribute to the life of the community. Thank you for listening. We hope you learnt lots about the traditional Aboriginal families.