Nurture vs Nature
Nurture vs Nature
Both nurture and nature can influence early human development. The innate factor depends on the nature while the acquired factor’s development mostly depends on the nurture. The innate factor might has been determined when a child is still been a fetus, the heredity plays an important part in that. Such as human race, color of skin and hair, may be your color of eyes. Parents give their baby their own gene; it is the reason why the baby looks like their parents. The nature influences are just like the gifts from parents.The newborn have the more sensitive senses, For example, the newborn’s hearing, taste and smell sometimes may be better than the adult. The nurture also has a strongly influences on early human development. The nurture influence includes many parts, such as education, the culture and traditions, sometime maybe the diet.
All knowledge comes to us through our senses such as watching and hearing. Human have a very powerful learning ability and human can learn from many things, and according to many different ways, the society can strongly influence early human development, especially during the childhood. It is widely believed that intelligence quotient depends on the innate factor, but in fact, it can improve by means of acquire. For example, many people think math success depends largely on natural talent or ability, but the experts say it also depends on the student’s effort. Learning ability is the same as studying math. Accordingly, human must try hard to acquire as much knowledge as they can to make them better, and know more things.
There is an old story in China. A boy had an excellent talent for literature, and it appeared when the boy was just five years old. However the boy’s was not allowed to go to school and his father let the boy write poems or articles for money. Finally, the boy’s excellent talent has been gone, and the boy becomes a mediocrity. In conclusion, there is no doubt that the nurture strongly influences early human development, while the nature just has a little influence an early human development, but it is also important to human. A normal innate factor and a better environment can make a child develop smoothly.
How Do Nature and Nurture Influence Human Development?
The question, “how do nature and nurture influence human development” has been an ongoing debate for a very long time and at present there is no clear winner, as both nature (genes) and nurture (environmental factors) both seem to play a vital and important role in human development. Before this issue can be fully explained, it is important to understand what nature and nurture actually are. Nature can be loosely defined as genetic inheritance or the genetic makeup (the information encoded in your genes) which a person inherits from both parents at the time of conception and carries throughout life. Several things in an individual are genetically inherited, ranging from gender, eye color, risks for certain diseases and exceptional talents to height.
The concept of nature thus refers to biologically inherited tendencies and abilities that people have and which may get revealed later on as they grow up. In contrast, nurture can be defined as the different environmental factors to which a person is subjected from birth to death. Environmental factors involve many dimensions. They include both physical environments (a good example is prenatal nutrition) and social environments (such as the neighborhood, media and peer pressure.)
Also, environmental factors have different levels of impact on human development as they involve multiple layers of action, ranging from most immediate (families, friends, and neighborhoods) to bigger societal contexts (school systems and local governments) as well as macro factors such as politics on the international level or say global warming. These layers are also impacted by other factors outside them. For example, teenagers are exposed to not just peer pressure from their peers but also to parental ideals, community standards or ethnic views.
How Much Do Nature And Nurture Influence Human Development Respectively? The debate concerning “how do nature and nurture influence human development” has factors which support both nature and nurture. Nature is responsible for the growth of a person from the fetus level till development into a normal adult. The genetic makeup of a human being is responsible for their sex, skin color, color of their eyes and hair as well as distinguishing features which are inherited. Nature can only assist in the growth of a fetus into a normal well-developed adult who may have inherited some special talents. Thus it can be concluded that nature uses the genetic coding to help in physical development and does impart some positive or negative traits to an individual.
However, it is nurture which can be utilized to improve positive traits and diminish the effect of negative traits in a child. It is indeed important to recognize that nature in the form of inherited traits does exist but a person’s overall behavior is influenced a great deal by nurture or upbringing and the environmental factors involved in this upbringing. Several recent studies carried out on infant and child behavior have shown that there is significant evidence to support the fact that nurture strongly influences human development especially in the early years. In traditional society most parents encourage their kids to take part in extracurricular activities like learning music, dance or sports in accordance with the child’s talents and interests. The talents have been given by nature but they can only be developed into skills through the hard work of nurture.
Undoubtedly, nurture plays a very big role in early human development. Nurture in some way or another speeds up an individual’s capacity to study and learn new things. There is the common saying that “practice makes perfect.” There for an individual can improve knowledge by practicing to adapt to all creations in these circumstances or environment. The part which nurture plays in human development has been demonstrated by psychologists in experiments in which stepping practice was administered to a cohort of inference for just a few minutes many times in a day. It was later that these children were able to walk several days earlier than infants who had not been given stepping practice (Zalazo, Zelazo & Kolb, 1972.) In conclusion, when anyone asks the question “how do nature and nurture influence human development,” it is evident that nature is responsible for producing healthy, well-developed babies. It is also nurture that plays an important role in the early stages of human development.
Research has drawn beyond doubt that early human development is quicker and more focused due to nurture as it builds up on the talents provided by nature. Nature is responsible for the normal development of the fetus into a normal and healthy infant but it cannot entirely develop that fetus into an intelligent, knowledgeable or athletic adult. This is possible only through the exposure that nurture gives a person. Therefore when answering the question “how do nature and nurture influence human development”, and it would be correct to say that although the nature has some degree of influence on human development, nurture strongly influences early human development.
Actually it’s not really nature versus nurture any more. What we call nature has to do with how our genetic makeup influences our development. And nurture refers to how the environment shapes our development. It is becoming ever clearer that these two influences shape each other. So we may have a genetic predisposition to some characteristic or disease, but how the environment affects us at critical points in our development can change how those genes are expressed. There are some genetic conditions that will be expressed no matter what the environmental context is, but many genetically based characteristics can be modified or prevented depending on how the environment affects the individual. The environment begins even before conception, because what kind of condition the parents are in can affect how the fetus develops.
If you can find a way to prove this scientifically, you will become the richest person on the planet! Scientists have been arguing over this one for centuries. Nature refers to your genetic makeup and inherited traits. Nurture refers to the way that you are raised. Both contribute to your development, obviously. You learn many things from the adults around you as you grow, but also you have many traits that are inborn. Nobody has ever been able to prove conclusively which one has more influence.
Subject: Human nature,
University/College: University of Chicago
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 19 December 2016
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