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The Narrative Process Coding System shows using constructivist approaches to examine THE TOPICAL and THEMATIC SHIFTS that characterize client accounts of their experience (Angus, Levitt & & Hardke, 1999).
1. SYSTEM SUBJECT SECTORS– Utilize the discussion of a transcribed treatment session break it into subject systems that are determined through shifts in protagonists and styles. A customer might begin a session by talking about a current journey to Florida and then move to an examination of frustrating family trips in youth. The identification of such topic sections can permit therapists to consider how themes are kept or changed through conversation and how the social psychotherapeutic process can act to help with narrative development.
2. CODE these topic segments into one of three narrative procedures. a. Internal-focus upon psychological and experiential states.
A description of the storyteller’s awe or uneasiness in the beginning glimpsing the ocean. b. External- dominated by occasion description.
An account of a trip itinerary.
c. Reflexive- narrative series require analysis and analysis of events and internal reactions in order to understand their significance.
An expedition of the meaning of relaxation in one’s life.
Through the assessment of narrative procedures, therapists can study how modifications in the client’s storytelling about life events are evidenced in therapy.
For example, investigators have found that experiential therapists tend to
shift discourse from external event descriptions toward internal and reflexive processes to promote self-exploration and meaning-making, while clients tend to shift into a more external process, to integrate their therapeutic insights into their daily life experiences.
Angus, L., Levitt, H., & Hardtke, K. (1999). Narrative processes and psychotherapeutic change: An integrative approach to psychotherapy research and practice. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55, 1255-1270.
Neimeyer, R. A. & Levitt, H. (2001). Coping and coherence: A narrative perspective on resilience. In R. Snyder (Ed.), Coping with stress (pp. 47-67). New York: Oxford.
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