Music Appreciation Essay

Custom Student Mr. Teacher ENG 1001-04 25 March 2016

Music Appreciation

Sound – any sensation that is perceived by the aural senses. – Physically, sound is vibrational, mechanical energy that moves through matter (usually air) as a wave.

The Hearing Process – Vibration, resonation, transmission, reception, interpretation, music appears.

Pitch – relative highness or lowness of a sound, speed of vibration.

Tone – a sound that has a definite pitch.

Interval – the distance in pitch between any two tones, ex: half step.

Accent – emphasis on a certain tone.

Tone Color/Timbre – quality of sound that distinguishes on instrument or voice from another.
– timbre contrast, one instrument vs. another.

Dynamics- Associated Terms – Degrees of loudness or soften in music:
Pianissimo (pp) – very soft
Piano (p) – soft
Mezzopiano (mp) – moderately soft
Mezzoforte (mf) – moderately loud
Forte (f) – loud
Fortissimo (ff) – very loud

Crescendo – gradually get louder

Decrescendo – gradually get softer

Chordophones – make their sound when a stretched string vibrates. – there is usually something they makes the sound reverberate such as the body of a guitar or violin. – the strings are set into motion by either plucking, strumming or by rubbing with a bow.

Membranophones – Any musical instrument that produces sound primarily by the way of a vibrating stretched membrane.
Ex: timpani
Roto toms
non-pitched drums snare drum (S. Dr.)
tenor drum (T. Dr.)
field drum (F. Dr.)
bass drum (B. Dr.)
Tom-Toms
Bongos
Timbales (Timb.)
Conga Drums
Tambourine

Idiophones – Ex: Marima
Crotales
Steel Drums
Cymbals (cym.)
Suspended Symbol
Hi-Hat
Finger Symbols
Triangle (trgl.)
Anvil (anv.)
Cowbells
Tam-Tam (t.t) and other Gongs
Sleigh Bells (sl.b.)
Bell Tree (bl.t.)
Brake Drum (br. dr.)
Thunder sheet (th. sh.)
Rachet (rach)
Wood Blocks (w.bl.)
Temple Blocks (t.bl.)
Claves (clav.)
Castanets (cast.)
Maracas (mrcs.)
Guiro
Whip (wh)

Aerophones – any musical instrument that produce sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate.
1st class: where the vibrating is not contained in the instrument itself.
Ex: Harmonica
2nd class: where vibrating air is contained by the instrument.
Ex: Flute

Identify Basic String Instruments – Violin
Viola
Cello
Double Bass
Renaissance Lute/Music
Dulcimer
The Koto-Koto Music
The Sitar

Identify Basic (Wood)Wind Instruments – Piccolo
Flute
Clarinet
Bass clarinet
Oboe
English horn
Bassoon

Identify Basic Percussion Instruments – Timpani
Xylophone
Snare drum
Bass drum
Cymbais

Identify Basic Keyboard Instruments – Piano
Pipe organ
Harpsichord

Notation/Identify Basic Symbols
Staff/Identify Lines and Spaces
Time Signature
Meter-7,6,5,4,3,2
Downbeat
Tied vs dotted rhythms
Syncopation
Tempo
Metronome
Arpeggio
Half-Step
Whole-Step
Texture
Polyphony
Monophonic
Homophonic
Heterophonic
Counterpoint
Key
Major vs minor vs chromatic scales
Key Signature
Modulation/Key Change
Chord/Progression
Harmony
Consonance
Dissonance
Dominant Chord
Tonic Chord
Sub Dominant Chord
Musical Form/Ternary/Binary
Phrase/Antecedent/Consequent
Cadence
Melody/Theme

Must Be Prepared to Write Scales and A Chord Progression I –IV-V-I on the staff. Be prepared to insert the Minor chord. Four flats or sharps is the max. .

Must be prepared to identify musical instruments and the families they belong to.

Free Music Appreciation Essay Sample

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  • University/College: University of California

  • Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter

  • Date: 25 March 2016

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