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Mush chapter 16

At the end of World War I, many new democracies were established in Europe. In the years between the two world wars, what happened to most of these democracies?
They were replaced by dictatorships.

Why did Adolf Hitler oppose the Treaty of Versailles?
He took issue with the punishment and reparations imposed on the German people following World War I.

Define genocide-practiced by the Nazis.
The deliberate extermination of a specific group of people.

What was the German military strategy of blitzkrieg?
Surprise and overwhelming force.

When did Britain and France adopt a policy of appeasement towards Germany? Explain appeasement.
Before the war began.

Which nation signed a nonaggression pact with Germany that led to the invasion and division of Poland?
The Soviet Union.

How were Britain and France drawn into war with Germany?
Germany had attacked Poland.

What did Winston Churchill oppose regarding Germany?
The Munich Pact.

What happened during the Battle of Britain?
Germany bombed Britain for 2 months.

Who or what did President Roosevelt describe as “the rattlesnakes of the Atlantic”?
German U-boats and their crews.

What was the Lend-Lease Act?
A policy allowing the president to provide arms to certain foreign countries.

The actions of which country finally forced the United States to enter the war?
Japan.

What did the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor illustrate about public opinion?
Impact a single event can have on public opinion in a lifetimes crisis.

What caused militarist leaders to gain control of the Japanese government in the early 1930s?
Their successful invasion of resource-rich Manchuria.

What was the main strategy used by the U.S. while waging war against Japan?
“Island hopping” from the South Pacific to within striking distance of Japan.

What problem did the Office of Price Administration target?
Inflation

What was the purpose of rationing during World War II?
Provide more resources for the military.

Why did the U.S. government sell war bonds?
To gain financial support for the war.

What did the U.S. government do to combat wartime inflation?
Raise and extend the income tax; Impose wage and price controls; Encourage the purchase of war bonds.

Why was the Battle of Stalingrad a turning point in World War II?
After their victory, the Soviet army began to move westward toward Germany.

The Battle of the Bulge was significant because it marked what?
The last German offensive.

Who was the Supreme Commander of U.S. forces in Europe?
Dwight D. Eisenhower

What was the Allied invasion of Nazi-occuppied Europe called?
D-Day

During the war, women in the WAAC served in what capacity?
Nurses and radio operators.

Who were the Nisei? What were the Nisei who lived on the West Coast subjected to during the war?
Japanese Americans who lived on the West Coast.

What was the major cause of Japanese American internment during World War II?
Radical prejudice.

What was Roosevelt’s decision to remove people of Japanese ancestry to internment camps a response to?
A strong anti-Japanese sentiment.

Who was the general who led Allied troops in battles on the islands of Bataan, Leyte, and Iwo Jima?
Douglas MacArthur

What was President Truman’s main goal in deciding to use the atomic bomb against Japan?
To end the war quickly.

After the war, what did the GI Bills of Rights make possible?
Veterans to attend college for free.

Who was Phillip Randolph and what did he do?
Organized a march on Washington on July 1, 1941 to protest discrimination.

What was it like for African Americans to find good jobs during the war years?
Good. There were plenty of jobs for anyone who wished to work.

What effect did World War II have on The Great Depression?
It brought it to an end.

What was agreed to at the Yalta Conference in 1945?
An agreement to divide Germany into four military zones.

What controversial issue resulted from the U.S. dropping atomic bombs on Japan?
The morality of nuclear warfare.

Who were the defendants at the Nuremberg Trials? What did we learn from the trials?
Nazi leaders. Individuals are responsible for their own actions, even in times of war.

What is genocide, as practiced by the Nazis?
The deliberate extermination of a specific group of people.

On what did the German military strategy of “blitzkrieg” depend?
Surprise and overwhelming force.

When did Britain and France adopt a policy of appeasement toward Germany?
Before the war began.

Which group of people suffered 6 million deaths during the Holocaust?
Jews.

Winston Churchill showed good character and pride by opposing what?
The Munich Pact.

The most likely outcome of Hitler and Stalin not signing the nonaggression pact?
The Soviet Union would have declared war on Germany after a Polish invasion.

In following a policy of appeasement by signing the Munich Pact, Britain and France compromised what core democratic value for Czechoslovakia?
Popular sovereignty.

What was the foreign policy position of Franklin Roosevelt as a result of the bombing of Pearl Harbor?
Make war on Japan.

At the end of World War I, many new democracies were established in Europe. In the years between the two world wars, what happened to most of these democracies?
They were replaced by dictatorships.

Which of the following matches a nation with another nation that it invaded in the 1930s?
Soviet Union invaded Poland.

Which of the following statements most accurately reflects Roosevelt’s feelings toward joining the war?
He wanted to help the Allies but had to appease U.S. citizens who opposed entering the war.

An example of Franklin Roosevelt showing good character and personal virtue by directly helping an American Ally?
Roosevelt’s support of the Lend-Lease Act.

The rise of Adolph Hitler and German aggression and anger in the years leading up to World War II can be considered a consequence of what major settlement?
Treaty of Versailles.

Action that demonstrated how Joseph Stalin demonstrates good character in decision making for the Soviet Union?
Transforming Russia into an industrial power.

Statement that most accurately reflects Roosevelt’s feeling toward joining the war?
He wanted to help the Allies but had to appease U.S. citizens who opposed entering the war.

What was the Lend-Lease Act?
A policy allowing the president to provide arms to certain foreign countries.

Adolf Hitler opposed what?
Treaty of Versailles.

In following a policy of appeasement, what did Britain and France do?
Submitted to Hitler’s demands.

The actions of which country finally forced the U.S. to enter the war?
Japan.

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