Muhammad Ali Jinnah Essay
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
The Allahabad Address by Allama Iqbal at the 25th session of All India Muslim League on December 19, 1930 spelled out the “Concept of Pakistan”.Here Allama Iqbal boldly presented the idea of a “separate homeland” for Indian Muslims.
Jinnah, while admitting his efforts to foster Hindu-Muslim unity had fallen apart, remained fully sympathetic to serve the Indian Muslims. Allama Iqbal’s concept rapidly caught Jinnah’s attention.
He returned to India in 1934 buoyant with highest levels of confidence and started to collect the Indian Muslims under the singular banner of All India Muslim League.
Jinnah and Allama Iqbal conferred regularly on strategic matters. Jinnah used Allama Iqbal’s concepts in his speeches.
Under Jinnah’s wise leadership, the Muslim League expressed reservations about the weak parliament. The Congress grabbed the opportunity and contested the 1937 provincial elections. Consequently the Muslim League failed to win any majority.
These events had a strong impact on Jinnah’s political perspectives. The British and Hindus had became power against the Muslims. The onus to rebuild Muslim majority came on the shoulders of Jinnah.
The course of the events altered, in favor of Indian Muslims, when World War II erupted in September 1939. With Congress demanding the British to “Quit India”, Viceroy asked Jinnah for expression of Muslim League’s position on self-government, confident that it would differ greatly from that of the Congress.
Jinnah informed Viceroy that Muslim League would be demanding India’s partition instead of federation contemplated in 1935 Act. Lahore Resolution, also known as “Pakistan Resolution”, was a formal political statement adopted by the All India Muslim League on 23rd March 1940, which called for the creation of “independent state”’ for Muslims in British India.
Eventually,1940 Lahore Resolution picked up pace and became unified demand for a separate Muslim state, called Pakistan.
Jinnah declared Muslims would campaign on single issue: “Pakistan”. He traveled all over India and aggressively campaigned for Pakistan. His message to every one was loud and clear: “Pakistan is a matter of life or death for us.”
“This was Jinnah’s glorious hour. His arduous political campaigns, his robust beliefs and claims, were at last justified.”
The 1945 election results appeared to prove the universal appeal of Pakistan among Muslims of the subcontinent.
These were testing times.Jinnah saw that indecisionand delays would only cause more bloodshed across Muslim-dominated areas.
On 7 August Jinnah, with his sister Miss Fatima Jinnah and close aides, flew from Delhi to Karachi and on August 11 presided over the new constituent assembly for Pakistan.
Jinnah addressed nation: “You are free; you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place of worship in this State of Pakistan.
You may belong to any religion or caste or creed.
This has nothing to do with the business of the State.”
On August 14, 1947,“Islamic Republic of Pakistan”came into existence, 0.first country in the world to be founded on the basis of Islamic Ideology.
As Pakistan’s first head of state, Quaid-e-Azam led by example. He worked day and night to formulate policies and consolidate the entire fabric of the new Islamic Republic. During his tenure, the founder of Pakistan proudly boasted that: “Pakistan is the Castle of Islam. Pakistan should one day serve as platform for renaissance of the Caliphate System across the Muslim world.”
In vital public address, on occasion of first independence day of Pakistan, on August 14, 1948, Quaid-e-Azam advised the nation:
“Nature has given you everything. You have got unlimited resources. Foundations of your state have been laid, and it is now for you to build, and build as quickly and as well as you can.
So go ahead and I wish you God speed.”