Mongol Rule Essay
The Mongols were regarded as cruel and vicious people, but changes in the above states caused by Mongolian rule is mostly well natured including advances in science and technology. The Mongols totally reformed some of the countries in the Middle East and Asia, with changes that are politically based as well as economically based. The Mongol era had many political influences on China and Russia. The Mongol rule brought about many power changes and reforms in both of the states. In Russia and China, the khans, referred to as “Great Leaders”, ruled both states after initial conquest, causing a shift in the central power of the government. Also, the Mongols destroyed cities and forms of government rule of both states, even though many of the cities had initially surrendered, thus using terror tactics as a form of governing.
Because the Mongols wanted to control both states with easy access, in China, the capital was moved to Beijing, thus causing Beijing to be the center of politics and commerce in China as well as Southeast Asia. Whereas in Russia, the Mongols formed an alliance with the Orthodox Church, and fused together government and church, giving more political power to the church. The Mongol era also helped unite China and formed the Yuan and Ming Empire. In addition to changes in political affairs of China and Russia, the Mongols had economical effects on trade and countryside economics in them also. In trade affairs, the effects are different in both states. While China exported large amounts of silk and porcelain,thus becoming a center for trade, Russia’s economy and trade crashed and had to restart in agricultural affairs after Mongolian Rule.
Positive Mongolian economic effects on both states include trade routes that enabled exchange, promoting religion and international trade . Finally after thousands of years, the East and West side of the World was connected, and the Silk Road more widely used. Also, with China’s population decreasing during Mongol Rule, the state was ironically united under one nation, but Russia is split up and forced to base on agricultural methods. In both cases, the economics in the countryside suffered due to little pay for the farmers and an excessive amount of weary work pressed upon the farmers. Paper money started to spread in Russia and China and inflation occurred . Mongolian rulers and conquerors also horded precious metals, causing the economy to be deprived of them.
The Mongol era brought about positive economic changes as well as negative reforms. Even though the Mongol Empire collapsed a long time ago, and the Mongolian state has become relatively small in size compared to other countries, Mongolian influences are still effective today in Russia and China as well as other parts of the world. With political, economical, religious, etc influences upon once conquered states, the Mongol Era is truly remarkable in its ability to change and reform other countries.
Of course, both positive and negative effects came out of Mongolian rule, but overall, the Mongolian era was a positive period of time. The East and West Worlds are finally connected by series of routes, and trade, religion, as well as other goods and ideas are quickly spread. Great cities such as Beijing are formed while others are destroyed, effective and ineffective forms of government in the Mongol Era made states gave later states ideas on how to govern as well as making them aware of the mistakes. This once vast empire has left its mark permanently upon the current world as well as the future.
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 19 February 2017
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