Mongol Empire Essay
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1. The paper must include at least 4 paragraphs. Each paragraph should be at least 4-6 sentences long and have an introductory and concluding sentence. The introductory paragraph should provide a hook for the reader, your definition of the word barbaric, the question posed by the DBQ, and your thesis (your answer to the question) (25 points). 2. Paragraph 2 and 3 should use at least 4 documents (with proper citation) to support your thesis. Four specific examples should be given-one from each document, and you should explain how these examples support your claim.
(100 points/ 25 points for each document). 3. The paper must include a concluding paragraph in which you briefly summarize your evidence, reiterate your answer to the thesis, and make a connection to another topic from history, how this topic relates to today, or anything we have covered in class (25 points).
The Mongols: How Barbaric are the Barbarians?
Who are the Mongols really? The Mongols had an empire that existed during the 13th and 14th centuries AD, and was the largest continuous land empire in human history lead by a great ruler called Genghis Khan.
For centuries they have been remembered as a brutal tribe of nomadic barbarians who were a serious threat to people and civilization throughout Asia and Europe, so how barbaric are the barbarians exactly? What does barbaric mean anyways? Barbaric is to be savagely cruel and extremely brutal or primitive and unsophisticated. The barbarians are some what barbaric. The barbarians have codes of conduct, prisoner dummies, religious tolerance, and cutting heads off.
In Rashid ad-Din’s Collected Chronicles (Document 10); he talks about how the Mongols were hospital. In it, it says “when a husband goes hunting or to war, his wife must maintain the house hold, so that the messenger or guest who dismounts there finds all in order and the wife is able to provide him with good food and anything else he may require.” This shows that the Mongols are not barbaric because the make sure that the house is suitable for guest; however, in John of Plano Carpini’s History of the Mongols (Document 3), he talks about how the Mongols “send a detachment of captives and men of other nationalities who are fighting with them to meet the enemy head-on, and some of the tarts (Mongols) may perhaps accompany them.” They are barbaric because the used the lives of others as dummies in a battle. They do not care if the prisoners that they are using as dummies have families or not. At some points the Mongols are barbaric when it come to protecting them selves or trying to conquer land, but they also try to be hospital.
In William of Rubruck’s the Journey of William of Rubruk (Document 9), he talks about how Mongke Khan was religious tolerance. In it, it says “he therefore wishes you all to meet together and hold a conference and each one is to write down what he says so that he can know the truth.” The Mongols are not barbaric because Mongke Khan wanted to learn about different religious so that he could convert to one; however, in Ata- Malike Juvani’s Genghis Khan (Document 4), he talks about the punishment that the Mongols did. He says that the Mongols “severed the heads of the slain from their bodies and heaped them up in piles, keeping those of the men separated from those of the women and children.” The Mongols are barbaric because they would cut off the heads off people that were already dead. They did not have any respect for the dead what so ever. The Mongols wanted to learn about religion on how it works and which religion is true, but they were too cruel on their victims and threw the bodies into piles based on their gender.
In documents 10, 3, 9, and 4 talks about reasons how barbaric or not barbaric the Mongols were. I believe that the Mongols are somewhat barbaric. In the age of the Nazi, the Nazi things called concentration camps. In the concentration camps, they would have gas chambers where lots of Jews were killed at once. The thing that people do not realize in the concentration camps they also allowed the Jews to eat and bathe. Why would someone who wanted to kill the Jews allow them to eat and bathe: Remorse or humanity? The Nazi were not all cruel and hard hearted as made out to be. This relates back to the Mongols because they are believed to have all cruel methods this may be true, but they also have kind hearts.