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Modernity And Culture Essay Examples

Modernity and Anti-modernity in Stoker’s Dracula

...Moreover, it should be noted that modernity’s dark side of woman’s existence in modern society is distorted and hence, the negative trends of modernity in terms of women’s status are not adequately covered in the analyzed novel. The collision between modernity and anti-modernity at the socio-economic level. Stoker’s novel represents deep inner conflict between anti-modernist world of religion, slavery, prejudices etc. and modern rise of positivist science, Enlightenment, secularism and t...

Colonial Modernity

...This paper has described the way colonial modernity was based on the exploitation of human differences such as age, gender, race, caste, class and tradition through the colonizer establishing new social, political, and economic hierarchies that clashed with the pre-colonial traditional socio-cultural structure of order using South Asian and Middle Eastern case studies . The analyzation of these cases are crucial to understanding the process of colonization and decolonization as a process of not ...

Tradition versus Modernity

...Modernity is often argued about as being the culprit for the loss of values. This is not necessarily true, as modernity only promotes being more open-mindedness and knowledgeable; it is up to a person whether he/she wants to use this opportunity to pursue worthwhile information. As times are getting more and more progressive, we are learning to be more accepting. Same-sex marriage for example, has become legal in many states, while mental illnesses such as depression are slowly being recognized ...

Language in culture: conference on the interrelations of language and other aspects of culture

...The above view of culture as symbolic system with the adaptive functions varying from one place to another, made the anthropologists to conceive of various cultures as described through different structures or patterns of continuing conventional meaning sets. These meanings took solid form in diversity of artifacts like rituals and myths, tools, well as the planning of villages and the design of housing. Anthropologists differentiate between symbolic culture and material c...

Modernization and Indigenous Cultures

...Central and South America are a classic example of how a dominant culture can completely decimate that of the indigenous people. The Portuguese and Spanish left a lasting impression on the indigenous way of life. That influence reached new heights during the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th century. Not only were the Europeans extracting recourses from the area, they were also introducing new ways of thinking, new technologies, and a new type of economy. It would be almost impossible f...

Globalization and Culture Change

...Looking at cultural change in relation to distribution of power, the world systems theory made it clear that globalization enhances systematic disparity and the unequal distribution of wealth and resources, eliminates small market economies, and drives “small-scale societies to the edge of extinction [by] forcing them to enter civilization through the dark side of poverty, disease, and forced labor ”(Robbins and Larkin 2007:72). Extinction of culture is black and white. To minimize the effec...

Panasonic and Japans Changing Culture

...Hill, Challes. 2011. Gobal Business Today. 7th Edition. McGraw-Hill. Pp 125-128 Hofstede, Greet. 2013. Japan - Geert Hofstede. [ONLINE] Available at: http://geert-hofstede.com/japan.html. [Accessed 24 August 2013]. Huffman, James. 1997. Modern Japan: An Encyclopedia of History, Culture, and Nationalism (Garland Reference Library of the Humanities). Edition. Routledge. The Economist (US). 2010. Japan syndrome, the future of Japan. ISSN 0013-0613 Volume 397, Issue 8709, p. 18 Reiner, Thomas. 1991....

People from different cultures often struggle with conflicting

...People from different cultures often struggle with conflicting values; some value religious customs while others prioritize freedom and individuality. In Marjane Satrapi’s graphic novel Persepolis and Jhumpa Lahiri’s collection of short stories Interpreter of Maladies, Marjane Satrapi and Jhumpa Lahiri explore many cultural obstacles. Lahiri presents universally isolating features, including an outsider’s confusion, allowing her to write from the characters’ differing perspectives. Throughou...

Belonging and Return in Sampson and Delilah

...Samson, Delilah and Peak's lack of belonging is highlighted by violence, silence and a defiance of tradition. It is an act of return which eventually leads all of these characters to find a place in which they belong. Samson and Delilah return too land which is rich in their tradition, and similarly, Peaks returns to tradition in a way that embraces change and modernity. Both of these films demonstrate the ways in which colonialism has resulted in these characters lack of belonging, and it is on...

Media influence on modern culture

...http://www. firstamendmentcenter. org/commentary. aspx? id=18490 Accessed July 23, 2010 McCombs, M & Shaw, D. L. (1972), 'The Agenda-setting Function of the Mass Media', Public Opinion Quarterly, 73, pp176–187 Mcquail, Denis (2000) McQuails's Mass Communication Theory (fourth edition), Sage, London, pp. 16-34. Schiller, Herbert I. (1976). Communication and cultural domination. International Arts and Sciences Press, 901 North Broadway, White Plains, New York 10603. pp. 9–10 Thompson, J. (...

Society and Culture

...Rheingold, Harriet L., and Kaye V. Cook. "The Content of Boys' and Girls' Rooms as an Index of Parents' Behavior." Child Development 46 (1975):445-463. Stern, Marilyn, and Katherine H. Karraker. "Sex Stereotyping ofInfants: A Review of Gender Labeling Studies." Sex Roles 20 (1989):501-522. Vasques, Melba J. T., and Cynthia de las Fuentes. "American-Born Asian, African, Latina, and American Indian Adolescent Girls: Challenges and Strengths." In Norine G. Johnson and Michael C. Roberts ed., Beyond...

Between Shtetl and Salon: Jewish Women in Vienna 1900

...In addition, readers might find a seamless presentation of material, rather than subchapters and subdivisions, more effective. Despite such minor shortcomings, Rose’s monograph on Jewish women constitutes a groundbreaking contribution to the continuing scholarly dialogue on Vienna 1900. In shifting the focus of the conversation to gender, sexual, and religious identities, Rose not only gives Jewish women their rightful place in the annals of Viennese cultural history but also provides the fiel...

Culture and Emphasis Different Cultures

...How men and women communicate * Men: Verbal messages, value directness * Women: Nonverbal messages, Value feelings What men and women communicate * What men and women communicate * Men: Topics of expertise, problem solving, content focused * Women: Emotions, experiences, relationship focused * Status vs. Support. * Independence vs. Intimacy. * Advice vs. Understanding. * Information vs. Feelings. * Orders vs. Proposals. * Conflict vs. Compromise. | Objectives: * Identify and explain the barriers...

Compare And Contrast Japan And China

...In addition, during the nineteenth century, facing the pressure of the West, different responses changes the fate of China and Japan. Chinese responded to the Opium Wars and western intrusion through a combination of challenging the West, embracing traditional ways, challenging the Qing Dynasty, or seeking moderate reforms. Japan, though never conquered, responded to the intrusion of West quite differently. Rather than looking to the past, the Japanese sought to emulate the West. During the Meij...

Comparison and Contrast of Hispanic Culture and Anglo-American Culture

...This contrasts with the Anglo-Americans who speak English as their first language, have loose familial bonds and Protestantism is their main religion. Nevertheless, among the Hispanic groups are some differences especially in regard to how they have been able to get assimilated to the American lifestyle. The Puerto Ricans and the Cuban Americans are the most assimilated followed by the Venezuela Americans who are in the middle of being assimilated whereas the Mexican Americans are the least assi...

The Old Man and the Wolves

...In our real macrocosm of symbolic assignations, meaning is constantly broken down, adopting foreign definition until the original signifier is no longer best suited to represent it. Contrasts are lost and must be adjured and modified, for what should afterwards remain of the signified but its loosely fitting label? Kristeva issues such a cautionary message through the opposition of her own selected subjects: Semiotic vs. Symbolic; Abjection vs. Symbolic Order; Signification vs. Homogeneity; Line...

Patriotism and National Pride

...The day that patriotism ceases, that day we will have ceased to be a people Patriotism is not dead; our nation is not finished. Let us rally behind our flag; let us love our country with all its faults; let us work to improve it with all our strength; let us defend it with all our resources; let us hand it on to generations unborn better than it was when we received it; let us instill in our children the hope of our forefathers for the ultimate fulfillment of their dreams. But above all, let us ...

The Success Of Judaism

...Judaism has survived throughout history by being flexible and by admitting foreign influences into its practice. Its success in the 21st century depends on its ability to continue doing this in response to the pressures of modernity.Judaism has endured the challenges imposed upon it, by its ability to preserve deep-rooted traditions of the past. It is through maintaining customs from preceding times that defines the foundations of modern day Jewish practice, be it through observance, prayer or h...

The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner

...The doppelganger, Gil-Martin is the main actor and is thought to be the devil. The tale of good versus evil is chaotic because what one would think is good is overturned. Those who are morally good are the enemy to be done away with in the eyes of the protagonist. James Hogg utilizes many instances of doubling in theme and form, Antinomian fanaticism championed by Robert and Gil-Martin and the dubiously enlightened detachment of the Editor. Both voices of the narratives leave questions for the p...

Individual Freedom And Rights

...“Is it most important to value one’s own life, happiness and interest or to obey the higher authority of the state?” This statement raises the question of the individual’s freedom and rights in comparison to the state’s control over individual’s life. In this paper I will be arguing against Socrates and Confucius view of placing the state ahead of the individual. This paper is constructed along my line of defense which looks at the issues and arguments around the individual freedom a...

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...Maaz SaeedMs05050 CORE: What is Modernity? 29/03/191Economics of Power: Debt Bondage and Labour in Brick Kilns of PakistanA man is no longer a man confined, but a man in debt.Gilles Deleuze .Ab stractTime and again, h uman history has been marked by the contentious practices of slave trade.Despite officially being abolished and outlawed in the late 19 th century, slavery continues to existin the modern world. S o much so that an estimated population of 27 million people (Bales, 2000)across the g...

Literature, Translation

...The Indian feminism could be strengthened by the nativisation of French, English, American and/or Black Feminism. The process of nativisation makes us aware of the fact that our native elements must be exported or introduced and globalised. This is not simply give-and-take policy or export-import market logic if looked into the matter of book industry, leaving aside the literary values Nativism does believe that globalization is a value system in Indian Literature, hence need to export and globa...

Hinduism Research Paper

...Mahatma Gandhi believed that morals and ethics were essential in order to create unity amongst societies and the people within them. From moral and ethics he derived a dogma known as Satyagraha whose core values are truth and ahimsa. Mahatma Gandhi adopted this attitude and applied it in any of his rebellious acts in South Africa. This was an astute strategy he created, so regardless of his actions that stood against the power, he was still ethically correct, making it more difficult for the aut...

Intercultural communication and power distance

...Although power distance may appear unimportant when moving to a new cultural environment, knowing how it impacts an individual could be of importance (theory of plane crashes).even though power distance may be regarded unnecessary in intercultural communication it is important knowing the best time and best method to converse with one another. The process of transition from one culture demand Saudi Arabia to establish an effective channel that will ensure the power distance is reduced as much as...

Language and Culture

...Communication behaviors are mostly learned when one is young by imitating those around one. Culture affects one’s attitudes and behaviors, and it reflects exactly what is most important to the people of that culture. Learning about different cultures can assist one when having intercultural communications. When we open our minds and hearts we are much less likely to stereotype, be prejudice against, or to discriminate against individuals that are different then ourselves. Being open and accept...

Culture and Organisation

...1. Profile-Tony Fernandes of AirAsia (2006) Available at: http://www.skorcareer.com/malaysia-eng/tonyfernandes-airasia-profile.htm (Accessed: 26 November 2011). 2. http://www.rdasia.com/a_dream_takes_flight/ (no date) (Accessed: 26 November 2011) 3. hrm ASIA (2010) Organizational Culture. Available at: http://www.hrmasia.com/resources/employer-branding/organisational-culture/41247/(2nd)/ (Accessed: 26 November 2011) 4. http://www.rdasia.com/a_dream_takes_flight/ (no date) (Accessed: 26 November ...

Culture and Cognition

...This also has a great effect in cognitive assessment since one measuring tool may not be appropriate for all cultures. Although international communication is already established, this information would give more understanding to people as to how others with different cultures are different to them in terms of learning styles, perception, and other aspects of cognition. It would also change the perception on people who are considered as intellectually inferior since intelligence no longer focuse...

Culture and Politics

...One way multiculturalism affects us is that it makes us more sensitive to differing views. In a society where there are people from different cultures you have to be able to listen to and make judgments for these people. In a society like ours you have to try to do what is good for everyone and that is hard when there are many cultures mixed together. Another way culture is affected is that you have different symbols to interpret and you will have different ways of interpreting these symbols. Th...

Politeness and Culture

...Thus achieving the cultural goal of independent requires construing oneself as an individual whose behavior is made meaningful primarily by reference to one's own internal thoughts, feelings, and actions, rather than by reference to those of others; whereas the interdependent construal of the self, favoured by Chinese culture and most East Asian countries, insists on " the fundamental connectedness of human beings to each other"(Markus and Kitayama, 1991:227). A normative imperative of this cult...

Anthropology and Sociology Study

...10. Identify and describe the most pessimistic elements of the theories of the classical sociological thinkers—Marx, Durkheim, and Weber. Which presents the most pessimistic vision of modernity? Response: Marx, Durkheim and, Weber all had pessimistic views. Marx believed that most of the power and wealth went to corporations and other groups in power. While Weber believed that “contemporary life was filled with disenchantment.” Weber Want society to move more towards an Industrial society...

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