Essays on Microbiology

The Black Death in 14th century Europe
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The Black Death in 14th century Europe had an enormous impact on the society, economy, and politics for decades to come. What is another example of a pandemic that altered an entire culture, and in what ways did this pandemic affect the culture of the nation(s) it afflicted? Across world there are diseases that are curable and uncurable, while trying to keep it in control many don’t know when there might be an inflicted spread of the disease just like…...
Black DeathHealthInfectious DiseasesMedicineMicrobiology
Oral Sex and Hiv Risk
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Oral Sex and HIV Risk CDC HIV/AIDS Facts Oral Sex Is Not Risk Free Like all sexual activity, oral sex carries some risk of HIV transmission when one partner is known to be infected with HIV, when either partner’s HIV status is not known, and/or when one partner is not monogamous or injects drugs. Even though the risk of transmitting HIV through oral sex is much lower than that of anal or vaginal sex, numerous studies have demonstrated that oral…...
HealthHiv VirusInfectious DiseasesMicrobiologySexSexuality
Hot and Cold Water Chlorination Importance
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The action of hot and cold water chlorination is very important for the safety of the world’s population. Hot and cold water Chlorination is the process of adding the element, chlorine, to water in order for the water to be pure and drinkable. Treating water with chlorine is effective in preventing the spread of water borne disease. The idea of hot and cold water chlorination to public drinking supplies was originally met with resistance, as people were concerned about the…...
HealthInfectious DiseasesMedicineMicrobiologyWater
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The name of the disease is Elephantiasis. The enlargement of the limbs and other areas of the bodies are caused by obstruction of lymph flow and possibly blood circulation. The blockage can be due to recurrent attacks of a bacterial infection which causes inflammation of the lymphatic vessels. This continues and causes swelling, then without medical help the problem gets worse and becomes extremely enlarged. The death of surrounding tissues may also occur from an obstructed blood supply. Elephantiasis is…...
ElephantHealthInfectious DiseasesMedicineMicrobiology
Culturing a Micro-organism using Aseptic Technique
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When a scientist is working with micro-organisms it is essential that they use the aseptic technique, as this: Ensures that their culture of the micro-organism remains pure and therefore free of other micro-organisms Unless aseptic culture techniques are followed strictly, an originally pure culture will definitely become contaminated with other unwanted species. Micro-organisms are very useful in making a large number of food and drinks and usually grown in liquid broth or a solid medium such as agar and either…...
Comparison of Blood Groups
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Anatomy & Physiology Compare blood types and the basis for ABO and Rh incompatibilities. The ABO blood types are the most well known and medically important ones. The ABO blood type can be found in not just in humans, but other primates as well. The four principal types are; A, B, AB, O. An individual’s blood type is determined by a combination of two antibodies and two antigens; namely antigen A, antigen B, Anti A, and Anti B. The surface…...
AnatomyBlood GroupsComparisonInfectious DiseasesMicrobiology
Bubonic Plague
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A discussion of the symptoms and treatment of bubonic plague.The disease is called the Bubonic Plague. It is caused by the bacteria Bacillus. Also now known as the "Bubonic plague". It is a plague because of its widespread fatality throughout history. The cause of this disease is the Yersinia petis bacterium. The Bubonic plague is transmitted from fleas to humans. You can contract the disease either by being bitten by the oriental flea, Xenopsylla Cheopis, or be exposed to plague…...
Bubonic PlagueHealthInfectious DiseasesMedicineMicrobiology
Health Benefits of Probiotics
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Benefits of Probiotics If you’ve been hearing a lot about probiotics health () supplements lately, you’re not alone. There has been a lot of buzz surrounding the topic, and it seems like there’s a supplement for just about every health issue known to man. But don’t be embarrassed if you’re not really sure what probiotics are. Many people still don’t know much about the topic. Basically, probiotics are microorganisms that are beneficial to the host when consumed. Most people know…...
Essay On Aids
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A discussion of the cause ansd symptoms of AIDS.1.INTRODUCTION In June 1981, the centers for The Disease Control of the United States reported that five young homosexual men in the Los Angels area had contracted Pneumocystis Carinii pneumonia( a kind of pneumonia that is particularly found in AIDS patient). 2 of the patients had died. This report signalled the begninning of an epidemic of a viral disease characterized by immunosuppression associated with opportunistic infection( an infection caused by a microrganism…...
AidsHealthInfectious DiseasesMicrobiology
Acinetobacter Baumannii Infections
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Acinetobacter baumannii belongs to a species of gram negative, oxidase negative organisms. It is non motile and on microscopic examination appears as coccobacilli in pairs. Till date, about 25 different varieties of this organism have been identified. These bacteria are commonly found in the water and soil and recent evidence has shown that they are also found to be colonizing the skin, throat and other sites in healthy human individuals (Defense, 2005). These organisms are important in causing outbreaks of…...
BiologyHealthInfectious DiseasesMicrobiology
Definition of Covid-19
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Paper Type:Definition essays
Technology these days, I think it's relevant to be used. Actually, this virus back then is already exist and really common then in 2019 the new version of this virus emerged and spread all over the world by human being. To me the current technologies is already good enough to handle this issue, but just because late handling that makes this virus fast in spreads, people around the world got infected. Before I jump into the main problem I want…...
Coronavirus Covid-19DataDiseaseHealthMicrobiologyTechnology
Microbiology: Definition and History
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Introduction The history of microbiology as a science owes an enormous debt to two inventors Robert Hooke and Antony van Leeuwenhoek, who extended the vision of biologists to the cellular level. Robert Hooke (1635-1703), an Englishman, designed scientific instruments of various kinds, in- cluding the compound microscope. The compound microscope had a lens at each end of the tubular body and an objective lens near the specimen, which produces an initial magnified image, and an ocular lens (eyepiece) near the…...
Cryptosporidium And How It Works
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Cryptosporidium is a parasite that is fundamentally spread by means of the fecal-oral course from individual to individual or by means of sullied nourishment or water. It is increasingly pervasive in low asset settings and is normally not among the wellbeing needs for the European locale. By and by, the disease isn't so inconsistent even in industrialized nations with high cleanliness and sanitation principles, and it has been found to cause episodes, including gigantic flare-ups through the pollution of the…...
parasitology final exam
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Animal Parasitology Final Exam.Question 2. The Baermann technique is similar to the fecal flotation method, but takes a lot longer. This device is done by the use of a funnel, tube that is connected to the neck part of the funnel, clamp/hemostat, sample vial or cup, warm water, iodine/dye stain, microscope slide, cover slip, and fecal sample. To perform the Baermann technique clamp the tube with hemostats, wrap the fecal sample in a gauze and place the sample mid-way in…...
Investigating the Interplay of Different Ecological Niches
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Salmonella enterica serovar enterica serotype Typhi (Salmonella Typhi) are Gram negative bacterium which preferentially infects humans causing a devastating disease called enteric fever or typhoid fever (TF) (1). The disease causes loss of many lives mostly in the low and medium income countries (LMICs) due to the fact that these countries have poor sanitary systems, diagnostic facilities and proper surveillance systems (2). Due to lack of specialised diagnostics the treatment of most cases is empirically done. Wang et al. (3)…...
BiologyDiseaseHealthInfectious DiseasesMedicineMicrobiology
Global Demand for Agricultural Produce
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Global demand for agricultural produce will increase over the coming decades, and productivity of crops must be increased particularly under tough climate conditions.(Rahi, 2017). On the other hand, it is urgent to affect the environment as little as possible. Clearly, there is a need to move forward environmentally sustainable agriculture. One potential approach leading to reduce negative impacts of intense use of artificial fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides is the application of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). This definition was first introduced…...
More frequency of the infection in the age group of 1932 years
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More frequency of the infection in the age group of (19-32) years while the lowest infection rate was noticed among age groups between (5-18) years. (150,175) also found that the high incidence of infection occurs in older than 15 years. Another study by (176) and (177) also established the lowest frequency among the age group older than 50 years. The reason for the low rate of elderly patients may be related to the fact that they were infected during their…...
AgeHealthInfectious DiseasesMedicineMicrobiology
Honey as an oldest traditional medicine
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INTRODUCTION Honey has been used as an oldest traditional medicine and is still used in folk medicine. The therapeutic features of honey have been extensively studied. It is recognized as an efficacious antimicrobial agent in the treatment of wounds and burns (Abdellah et al., 2012; Brudzynski, 2006; Al-waili, 2011) Studies show also that honey is gaining acceptance as an antibacterial agent for the treatment of ulcers and bad sores (Abdellah et al., 2012). Honey has also been reported in the…...
Flu Infections are Critical Human Respiratory
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Abstract Flu infections are critical human respiratory pathogens that reason both occasional, endemic diseases and intermittent, flighty pandemics. The most exceedingly bad pandemic on record, in 1918, murdered roughly 50 million individuals around the world. Human diseases brought about by H5N1 exceptionally pathogenic avian flu infections have raised worry about the rise of another pandemic. The histopathology of deadly flu infection pneumonia as archived in the course of recent years is investigated here. Strikingly, the range of pathologic changes depicted…...
HumanInfectious DiseasesMedicineMicrobiology
Surgical Site Infection that Cause Infectious Diseases
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Surgical site infection (SSI) The incidence of post-operative infection is higher in elderly patients. Most wound infections manifest within a week of surgery. Causative agents: E.coli, Proteus, Enterococci and coagulase-negative staphylococci. Sign and symptoms: Pain /Tenderness Localized swelling Redness Purulent discharge from the incision Measures to prevent infection: Use aseptic techniques while changing the dressing. Daily change the dressing of surgical site. Check the surgical site for any redness,swelling and purulent discharge. Use sterile gauze for dressing. Wash hands. Blood…...
DiseaseHealthInfectious DiseasesMedicineMicrobiology
Antibacterial activity
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Abstract This investigation aimed to estimate the antibacterial potency of the mixture of date syrup and aqueous extracts of different types of pepper (sweet orange, red and yellow peppers and hot red and green peppers) against Streptococcus anginosus. The bacterium was isolated from a patient in Rizgari hospital in Erbil, Iraq. It appeared that date syrup/aqueous extract mixture of different types of pepper had an inhibitory effect on growth of S. anginosus at different concentrations, and 1:4 v/v for date…...
Lyme disease: when a tick bite has dramatic consequences
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Now considered a "health emergency", the disease makes an increasing number of victims each year. It remains poorly diagnosed. According to specialists, it is part of the "health emergencies" of our time, and remains largely "underestimated". Lyme disease, caused by tick bites , causes new victims every year. Thursday, February 15, 2018, a complaint against X was filed with the public health pole of the Paris prosecutor's office by 59 patients and the association Lyme Without Borders. They denounce possible…...
HealthInfectious DiseasesLyme DiseaseMedicineMicrobiology
Rotavirus cause dehydrating diarrhea and death among infants
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Rotavirus cause dehydrating diarrhea and death among infants and children globally, particularly in communities of the developing world. In his paper titled Malnutrition Is Associated with Protection from Rotavirus Diarrhea'. Longitudinal cohort study by (Verkerke et al., 2016) .the aim of this study to understand the impact of nutritional status on susceptibility to rotavirus diarrhea. life. from there longitudinal studies doing for more than decade in the natural history of infants and children living in Bangladesh (Ali et al., 2003).…...
DeathHealthInfectious DiseasesMalnutritionMedicineMicrobiology
The Antimicrobial Effect of Different Components
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Discussion: Among different bacteria included in this study, out of them some enteropathogens, i.e., S. aureus, E. coli and S. typhi are inhibited by methanolic extract of different research drug. S. aureus was sensitive to alcoholic (methanolic) extract of Balaka, Nagar and Mustaka; and E. coli was sensitive to alcoholic (methanolic) extract of Indrayava and Mustaka while S. typhi was sensitive to alcoholic (methanolic) extract of Indrayava and Balaka. The above finding suggests that the ingredients of Nagaradi Yoga showed…...
BiologyHealthInfectious DiseasesMedicineMicrobiologyScience
Efficacy Spectrum And Mechanism Of Action Biocides
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Introduction Biocides are a products that contain one or more active substances and preparations that are anticipated to exterminate, control and remove harmful microorganism to human, animals and manufacture products. Each services in hospital depends on the effectiveness of disinfectants, without disinfectants hospitals may not undergo their day to day activities. Biocides used in health facilities for disinfecting any surfaces and materials that potentially contain pathogens. Additionally biocides used as an antiseptics to remove pathogens from mucous membrane and damaged…...
Molecular Investigation of Gram Negative Bacteria Extended Spectrum B-Lactamase
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Abstract: The right medication can decrease the fee that takes a lot of money when the rapid screening techniques for the detection of extended-spectrum -lactamase (ESBL) producing by bacteria. In the current study, we used the genotypic methods for detection the prevalence of four genes (blaTEM, blaSHV, blaCTX-M, and blaOXA) in Gram-negative bacteria in hemodialysis patients that may be causing increases to spend to treat of infection by bacteria that can produce ESBLs enzymes that lead to in many cases…...
BacteriaBiologyInfectious DiseasesMedicineMicrobiology
NICOLE CORBETTAcross the world coral species are threatened by
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NICOLE CORBETTAcross the world, coral species are threatened by rising rates of disease, a major factor leading to the decline of coral populations. With global temperatures on the rise due to anthropogenic climate change, the environments in which they thrive are being altered . Unable to escape habitats that become unfavourable, they are forced to adapt to changing environmental conditions. Interactions between corals and their surface microbes likely play an important role in adaptation, and understanding this relationship could allow…...
BiologyClimate ChangeDiseaseHealthMicrobiologyWorld
Staphylococcus Aureus Found in Fitness Facilities
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Athletic facilities, locker rooms, gyms, and health clubs are all susceptible to be contaminated with the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The bacteria can be transmitted from surfaces found on different equipment or by skin to skin contact. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is found to be spread easily in various athletic facilities (CDC, 2019). S. aureus is a common bacterium found in on the skin, in the nose and throat of individuals but can present as risks for infection and death.…...
FitnessInfectious DiseasesMedicineMicrobiology
The Occupation of Microbiology
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The occupation of microbiology has a lot of parts a person has to know before they can be one. Before you look at anything else, a person has to look at the educational requirements so they can know what they are headed into. Next, you need to know what the occupation does since there are many specialties in health care today. A person would also need some skills needed to go into this occupation. Certain skills are required because every…...
1854 Broad Street Cholera Outbreak
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Journal Entry 1: Cholera is a disease that was widespread in the London cities during 1852. They had "night soil" men which took their waste, which is waste recycling. Often there was flowing waste which had affected the city with a horrible stench. It was an unknown vector wreaking havoc upon the people. Not only was the waste part of the stench industrial fuels contributed. However, bacteria was decomposing at this organic matter constantly. The organic matter is then turned…...
Protecting Wild African Apes from Ebola
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Introduction Ebola virus has caused more than 20 human outbreaks throughout Africa. One big epidemic in West Africa lasted for more than 2 years from 2013, killing more than 11000 lives [2]. Ebola is not only a major threat to humans, but also to African great apes who are now classified as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature [2]. Through laboratory and epidemiological testing, evidence has shown a clear link between human Ebola outbreaks and Ebola-infected…...
AfricaBiologyEbolaHealthInfectious DiseasesMedicine
Meningitis: Definition, Causes and Nursing Management
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Meningitis (bacterial and viral) among college age students is on the rise in college campuses due to the closeness of college students in residence halls. The causes can be viral or bacterial in origin. Bacterial meningitis is fast-moving, causing debilitating amputations, hearing loss and kidney damage and it can be fatal (CDC, 2019). Viral meningitis has similar symptoms to bacterial meningitis but is not as debilitating or as deadly as bacterial meningitis (National Meningitis Association, 2019). Three organisms mainly cause…...
HealthInfectious DiseasesMedicineMeningitisMicrobiologyNursing
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Louis Pasteur was a French scientific expert and microbiologist who built up the primary antibodies for rabies and Bacillus anthrax. He is likewise credited with the development of the system of treating milk and wine to stop bacterial defilement, a procedure named "sanitization" or "pasteurization" after him. Conceived on December 27, 1822, in Dole, Eastern France, Louis Pasteur found that microorganisms were in charge of souring liquor and thought of the procedure of purification, where microscopic organisms is obliterated by…...
BiographyBiologyDiseaseLouis PasteurMicrobiology
Many people wonder why some foods make them sick? Well there are
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Many people wonder why some foods make them sick? Well there are many different reasons that foods can cause a person to be sick, but the main reason is how the food is handled which cause contamination. There are many different things that cause contamination such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, toxins, or chemicals. Most contaminations cause foodborne illness according to the Center for Disease Control Center and Prevention (CDC) 48 million suffer from foodborne illness and 3,000 die from consuming…...
What is Rabies?
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Rabies is identified as a zoonotic disease due to the fact that it can be passed to humans as well as other animals. It is commonly known as the disease that causes the foaming at the mouth. rabies is actually a viral infection and extremely dangerous and almost certainly fatal in every animal/ human it infects. What does it do and what symptom does it cause? As it is virus and viruses can only survive inside a cell, it has…...
AnimalBiologyclassification of virusDiseaseInfectious DiseasesMedicine
Parotitis is a Viral Infection
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Mumps, also known as parotitis, is a viral infection that is present in the parotid glands, or salivary glands. Although mumps may have existed before the actual discovery and documentation, the first mumps breakout was documented in 1934. After the outbreak, more research was set out to be made to find out exactly how to not only handle the complications but to prevent them. This viral infection was found in numerous places including right here in the Unites States of…...
DiseaseHealthInfectious DiseasesMedicineMicrobiology
Multi-Drug Resistant Bacteria
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Background Multi-drug resistant bacteria emerge as a result of inappropriate use of antibiotics and pose serious threats to human health. There is a need for novel drugs to address this problem, which is a huge challenge for the development of novel and efficient antibacterial agents. Tannins are high molecular weight polyphenols (500?30,000 Da), widely distributed among plant kingdom. Tannins are one of the major components in many traditional medicinal plants with potential health benefits and wide applications in leather and…...
BacteriaBiologyEnders GamesMicrobiology
Optimum Growth Temperature for Streptococcus Epidermidis
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Abstract: Often when we heard the word bacteria, we think of it as something bad but in reality, the bacteria can be both positive and negative which can have big impact on our body and environment. Different bacteria have an optimum growth temperature. We wanted to look at staphylococcus epidermidis and find out what it's optimum growth temperatures, so we grew S. epidermidis in three temperature (20 °C, 40 °C, 60°C) which was cold, moderate and extreme. After the data…...
Yersinia Pestis Report
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I choose Yersinia Pestis for this report because I like researching historic events to write about, and my inspiration was the Black Plaque. The Black Plaque is one of the most well-known outbreaks in history, everyone knows what happened in Europe. But, as I started researching, I was learning all these things I never knew about the Black Plaque; I found out about various other major plagues that Yersinia Pestis contributed to, and how Yersinia Pestis is still around to…...
Bubonic PlagueDiseaseHealthInfectious DiseasesMedicineMicrobiology
In 2007 Center for Disease Control CDC report stated that in USA
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In 2007 Center for Disease Control (CDC) report stated that in USA the most serious and fatal infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus. MRSA as customarily considered a Hospital Acquired infection but the increased infections of MRSA in Community are not initiating from hospital as the CA-MRSA are genetically distinct and diverse and can be tracked by Genotyping.32The first CA-MRSA infection with unique genetic elements occurred in aboriginal in Australia in early 1990s.33 Later Centers for Disease Control and Prevention…...
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FAQ about Microbiology

Cryptosporidium And How It Works
...The complete CD45 (regular leukocyte antigen) white cell tally expanded bit by bit from the beginning of C.parvum vaccination to days 13, expanding from a normal of 12,752 to 25,111 cells/200 µl in Se sufficient gathering, a 96.9% of rise, while fro...
Lyme disease: when a tick bite has dramatic consequences
...To avoid getting contaminated, do not walk in the forest or in tall grass without closed shoes, tight trousers on ankles and long sleeves because ticks are on the lookout for each cm 2 of skin to bare. On the way back, examine your skin, especially i...
Many people wonder why some foods make them sick? Well there are
...The FDA likewise focuses on the significance of cooking nourishment to a sufficiently high temperature to crush unsafe microscopic organisms. The "threat zone" for microorganisms' development is somewhere in the range of 40 and 140 degrees, so even c...
What is Rabies?
...Direct Contact: this is a major contributing factor to the spread of the disease and spreads it dramatically. It is where two or more animals touch and one is carrying the infection. Once nother animal become infected it inadvertently creates a chain...

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