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Explain the two models of disability and the impact of each on practice:
• Medical Model Disability is seen as the problem; not attempting to overcome challenges presented from disability. Therefore people with disabilities are excluded and miss out on lots of things in life
• Social Model The environment and society are seen as the problem, not the disability. All people are included where possible and the environment and resources can be adapted to make things possible.
Why is a positive attitude towards disability and specific requirements important? Having a positive attitude helps to ensure that children and people with disabilities and specific requirements achieve positive outcomes in their lives. Positive attitudes promote positive learning and development and gives the person or child high self-esteem, self-reliance and self-confidence. It is about adapting the environment or society to meet the individual’s needs.
Explain how inclusive practice promotes equality and supports diversity. Assistive technology (AT) can help disabled people to perform functions that they couldn’t otherwise do, such as electric wheelchairs, voice recognition on their computer for mobility and communicating. Speech therapists can support children with cerebral palsy for example or other conditions that cause difficulty with speech.
Health professionals will help children with cystic fibrosis. Additional learning support at school could help a child with autism or dyslexia. Portage workers help support the family and child when they may have developmental or learning difficulties, physical disabilities or other Special Educational Needs. FIRST team can give advice and show strategies for children with behavioural difficulties.