Matching Case Essay
Match the definitions listed on the right with the words listed on the left. Please note that there are more possible answers than terms.
1. Interview _E___
2. Interrogation F____
3. Interrogation approach __I__
4. Witness __J__
5. Suspect __D__
6. Subject _I___
7. Admission ____
8. Confession _G___
9. Deception __H__
10. Statement __K__
a. Documents used to pass on instructions or information from one party in the department to another b. A written or oral assertion of certain facts and information for an investigation c. The manner in which the interrogator accomplishes the interrogation, such as sympathetic, aggressive, indifferent, and so on d. A person who may have planned, participated in, committed, or be knowledgeable about a crime e. A formal meeting between two people for the purpose of exchanging information f. Asking formal questions to obtain the truth through planned or unplanned approaches and techniques g. A full and complete acknowledgement of guilt concerning participation in the commission of a crime h. Physical, emotional, or mental attempts to deceive the interrogator i. A person who may have committed a crime
j. An individual who has personal knowledge from seeing or hearing something about the incident k. Any act or statement made by the suspect that is a partial acknowledgement of the offense l. A question phrased in a way that suggests an answer to the person being questioned.
Answer the following questions, in paragraph form, using a minimum of 100 words per answer.
1. What is the difference between an interview and an interrogation? Define each. During the interview, officers acquire information about the witnesses and their needs, worries, anxieties, and approaches. Investigators can later use this material to arrange questions and arguments to use during interrogations. During the interview process, people answer questions from investigators about the incident, themselves, and other people involved in these events. During this soft initial approach, investigators detect non-verbal and verbal conduct showed by the subjects.
During the interrogation the approach is of the investigator is more aggressive. Agents use diverse skills in interrogations, challenging subjects with declarations instead of asking for information. During the interrogations, the investigators lead the process; subjects are placed in a submissive state. Investigators do not look for information, what they pursue is a confession.
2. What are effective techniques for interviews and interrogations?
The first step is to evaluate the motive for the interview. An interview with a witness is different than an interview with a suspect or victim. Consequently, it is vital that the role of the investigator is set prior to the interview. It is important to remember that the same technique of interviewing will not work for all officers or be successful with all witnesses. A fundamental rule of law enforcement interviewing is to find witnesses to a crime as soon as possible. The bigger the time period between the crime and the witness interview, increases the possibility that the witness will not remember all the details that were witnessed. A second reason for interviewing witnesses as soon as possible is to avoid them from sharing their statements with other witnesses and then altering their versions of what they saw.