Major similarities between the two theories Essay
Major similarities between the two theories
The concepts and models used in illustrating the two theories reveal many similarities in the ideas expressed. Hence, there are similarities in explaining why and how people think, how they act and how they control their emotions. The two theories also depict similarities in the way people evaluate themselves and how reliable they can be if they acted in line with the recommended ideas. Thus, the two theories portray similarities in perceptions of behavior, self-worth, self-efficacy, and people’s relations with others, and so on. People’s behavior and the environment
The two theories are centered on behavior; hence, it is undisputable that they have similar ideas on peoples character and behavior. Bandura’s theory is based on a triad, which encompasses environmental factors among as key among the factors that affect behavior and personality. According to Bandura (1986), there is a reciprocal determinism between behavior and the environment since the two concepts are cause and effect of each other. Precisely, a prevailing environment determines how people behave (for example people put on jerseys and coats when it is cold) but how the people behave also shapes the environment.
True, when people cut trees, there is a change in environmental conditions, which in turn affects people’s subsequent behavior. In short, Bandura’s theory implies a cycle between environment and people’s behavior. Still on behavior, Beck (1976) used behavior, antecedent events and consequence as the foundation of the cognitive triad. Each of the constituents of the Beck’s cognitive triad is capable of affecting others (Beck, 1998). In describing the elements of the triad, Beck noted that the consequences of actions whether done by an individual or by others, affect the individual’s behavior.
In essence, Beck (1998) was implying that both internal feelings or thoughts and the external environment (people or the general nature) affect an individual’s behavior. Beck’s theory also emphasizes the relationship between people’s behavior and the environment in that the “world” is a key determinant of personality. Beck noted that if an individual develops a negative perception of the world around him or her, he or she develops negative triad, which entails stress in life. As such, the individual would have negative opinions such as “people do not love me” or “I am unfit to live in this world.
” In essence, the environment or “the world” shapes people behavior and hence their personality. People’s Self-worth Closely linked to behavior is the aspect of self-worth. According to Bandura (1986), human beings have unique capabilities, one of which is the ability to realize their worth. Realization of one’s self worth is very important since it confers individuals the ability to realize their potential and therefore dream to achieve it. Bandura’s theory is emphatic of the fact that without such realization, individuals are bound to look down upon themselves and develop fear towards demanding tasks.
In the same perspective, Beck’s theory supports realization of one’s self worth since it is by doing so that individuals develop positive attitudes, perceptions and feelings towards life (Beck, 1976). Moreover, individuals who do not realize their self worth usually become inept and unsuccessful in their careers or attempts in any activity. From the two illustrations above, it is noteworthy that while the two theorists took different perspectives in addressing the issue of self worth, their arguments converge in the purview of encouraging individuals to be assertive and content of their personalities.
It is also notable that by encouraging people to value themselves, both theories were aimed at analyzing and supporting the development of personality. People’s self-efficacy One of the tenets of Bandura’s social cognitive theory is that people have self-regulatory and self-reflective capabilities, which enable them to develop self-esteem and develop a tendency of self-reliance rather than having the propensity to lean on others.
In that context, Bandura (1986) stated that individuals who evaluate themselves and develop positive attitudes are always ready to face challenging tasks and accomplish their targets without much ado. Additionally, such individuals are also less likely to meet distressing situations in life always have the capability to circumvent such issues. Beck’s cognitive theory supports Bandura’s theory by the fact that Beck (1998) noted that people who are depressed are usually quick to develop negative thoughts about themselves and are fearful to take on demanding and challenging tasks.
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 19 May 2017
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