Macbeth OUTLINE Macbeth – Outline Notes – ACT 1, Scene 1 – Introducing the 3 witches, their intent to meet Macbeth after the battle … ”When the Hurlyburly’s done / When the battle’s lost and won. ”….. ”Fair is foul, and foul is fair”. ACT 1, Scene 2 – Battle Camp near Forres, Sergeant reports to King Duncan and son Malcolm, Macbeth heroics, Ross enters, reports victory and Thane of Cawdor’s treachery, Duncan announces execution of Cawdor and makes Macbeth Thane of Cawdor.
ACT 1, Scene 3 – A Heath, 3 Witches discuss evil doings, meet Macbeth and Banquo, the prophecies (Macbeth – Thane of Cawdor, King) (Banquo – children shall be Kings), Witches vanish, Ross and Angus enter and inform Macbeth he is Thane of Cawdor, Macbeth contemplates becoming King.
…. Macbeth “So foul and fair a day I have not seen. ” – ref weather / victory.
ACT 1, Scene 4 – Forres Palace,King Duncan, Malcolm, Donalbain and Lennox discuss Cawdor execution, enter Macbeth, Banquo, Ross, Angus, Macbeth and Banquo praised, Duncan declares Malcolm his heir, Duncan declares a royal visit to Inverness (Macbeth’s castle), Macbeth has “black and deep desires”, Macbeth exit to ride ahead, Duncan praises Macbeth further.
ACT 1, Scene 5 – Inverness (Macbeth’s Castle), Lady Macbeth reading husbands letter, Lady Macbeth soliloquy ambition for Kingship and considers/desires regicide… unsex me here”, enter Macbeth, informs Lady Macbeth of Duncan’s imminent visit, Lady Macbeth voices regicide desires, Lady Macbeth dominant. ACT 1, Scene 6 – Outside Inverness Castle, King Duncan, Malcolm, Donalbain, Banquo, Nobles, Lady Macbeth enters and greets ACT 1, Scene 7 – Room in Castle, Macbeth first soliloquy – considers regicide, consequences, inner struggle… ”He’s here in double trust:”….
decides against or at least wavers…. ”I have no spur To prick the sides of my intent,”… nter Lady Macbeth, Macbeth decides against regicide, Lady Macbeth argues against him, questions his love, honour, manhood, Macbeth reluctantly commits to regicide. ACT 2, Scene 1 – Castle courtyard, Banquo and son Fleance, Banquo hands Fleance his sword then as Macbeth enters requests it back, Macbeth and Banquo discuss their meet with the witches. Banquo states that he does not wish to aid Macbeth in becoming King. He does agree to discuss the matter further. Banquo confirms his allegiance to King but is inwardly struggling. Banquo and Fleance exit. Macbeth bids servant to tell mistress to strike bell when drink is ready (murder signal).
Servant exits, Macbeth 2nd soliloquy, dagger apparition/phantasm, horrified by thoughts of coming ordeal but is not dissuaded, bell rings, goes to kill Duncan and now less sure of Duncan’s virtue … ”Duncan; for it is a knell / That summons thee to heaven or to hell. ” ACT 2, Scene 2 – Lady Macbeth alone, Owl shrieks, recounts the way she has drugged the Kings guards. Macbeth enters … ”I have done the deed… ”. He has guard’s daggers with him. Raving about not being able to say “Amen”. Lady Macbeth takes charge, dominant, takes daggers back to room and bloodies guards.
Macbeth horrified at the event. Lady Macbeth returns, knocking, sends him to bed. Macbeth exhibits paranoia, guilt and at the end regret “Wake Duncan with thy knocking! I would thou couldst! ” ACT 2, Scene 3 – Castle gate, Knocking, Porter opens, enter Macduff and Lennox, chat, enter Macbeth, small talk, MacDuff exits to wake King, Macduff returns .. ”O horror! horror! horror!… ” Macduff reports murder, exit Macbeth and Lennox, alarm bell, enter Lady Macbeth, enter Banquo, return Macbeth and Lennox, enter Malcolm and Donalbain, Macbeth has killed Kings guards, Macduff suspicious, Macbeth … .. gash’d stabs look’d like a breach in nature / For ruin’s wasteful entrance:”, Lady Macbeth faints (false), Malcolm and Donalbain discuss aside, worried, Lady Macbeth carried out. All leave except Malcolm and Donalbain, brief discussion, Malcolm will run to England and Donalbain to Ireland. ACT 2, Scene 4 – Break in time. Ross and an Old Man, discuss the regicide, King Duncan’s horses turn wild. Enter Macduff, Macduff and Ross discuss regicide, suspicion has fallen on Malcolm and Donalbain (sons) who have fled, Macbeth will be King.
ACT 3, Scene 1 – Room in palace, Banquo contemplates events, suspicious of Macbeth foul play. Enter King Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, Lennox, Ross etc, Macbeth mentions Duncan’s sons “… not confessing / Their cruel parricide… ”. Banquo tells Macbeth he must take a trip and return that evening. Exit Banquo. Macbeth tells all to rest. Exit all. Macbeth calls in two Murderers and persuades them to assassinate Banquo on his return. ACT 3, Scene 2 – Room in Palace. Lady Macbeth and servant. She acknowledges that they have not gained happiness. Macbeth enters.
She thinks he is brooding on the past evil acts but he is planning new ones. She can no longer read him. He no longer involves her in his plans … ”… Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck / Till thou applaud the deed. ” she has lost dominance. ACT 3, Scene 3 – Road to Palace, Murderers joined by 3rd murderer (Macbeth’s paranoia/distrust), enter Banquo and Fleance, Banquo murdered but Fleance escapes (Macbeth’s plan to defy the witches’ prophecy fails). ACT 3, Scene 4 – Palace Banquet Hall, Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Ross, Lennox, Lords etc. Welcome to guests.
Murderer of Banquo enters, report Banquo death and Fleance escape. Exit Murderer. Macbeth concerned. Enter Ghost of Banquo, sits in Macbeth’s place, Macbeth reacts, Banquet disruption as ghost comes and goes, Lady Macbeth tries to cover, questions his masculinity, Macbeth raving, Ghost vanishes, Lady Macbeth orders all to leave. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth alone, distress, Macbeth declares that he will visit the witches. Macbeth surmises that the evil acts will become easier. Crucially Macduff is the only Thane not at the banquet. ACT 3, Scene 5 – A Heath, Witches and Hecate.
Hecate annoyed with Witches for interference ? Maybe? Hecate informs witches of a plan to use illusions to fool Macbeth in to a false sense of security that will be his downfall. ACT 3, Scene 6 – Room in Palace. Lennox and a Lord. Discussion political situation, Lennox suspicious of Macbeth, scorns idea of Malcolm and Donalbain killing their father the king, refers to Macbeth as a tyrant. Also discuss Macduff’s lack of attendance at the feast and his disgrace and the fact he has gone to Malcolm who has sanctuary at the English court. Lennox not loyal to Macbeth, impending rebellion. Discontinuity as Macbeth knows of Macduff’s rebellious actions but later learns again from witches in Act 4? ACT 4, Scene 1 – A Cavern, cauldron boiling. Witches brewing, Hecate present, encouraging. Enter Macbeth, requests prediction from witches’ “masters”. Three apparitions in succession each with prophesies (equivocal prophesies) Apparition 1 – Armed Head – Beware Macduff .. ”.. beware Macduff; / Beware the Thane of Fife. Dismiss me. Enough. ” Apparition 2 – A Bloody Child – “… none of woman born / Shall harm Macbeth. ”. reassured, still resolves to kill Macduff. Apparition 3 – Crowned Child with tree in hand – “…
Macbeth shall never vanquish’d be until / Great Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane Hill / Shall came against him. ” , reassured further .. ”Sweet bodements! ”. Witches urge Macbeth to .. ”Seek to know no more. ”. However he presses for more and is shown a further phantasm of Eight Kings and Banquo’s ghost. Macbeth distressed. Witches gloat and tease then vanish. Enter Lennox, news … ”Macduff is fled to England. ” ? Discontinuity as Macduff’s rebellious actions are described in Act 3? ACT 4, Scene 2 – Fife, Macduff’s Castle – Lady Macduff, her son, Ross. Lady Macduff distressed that Macduff has gone to England, distressed.
Ross distressed. Ross exit. Lady Macduff and son discuss husband/father, traitor? Enter Messenger, warning, exit. Enter Murderer, son killed, Lady Macduff runs and is pursued. ACT 4, Scene 3 – English Palace – Malcolm and Macduff – Malcolm distrusts Macduff, tests him (virtues of a King examined). Enter Doctor, discuss the miracle cures of King Edward, exit. Enter Ross, news, reluctant, informs Macduff of murder of family, Macduff vows revenge, Malcolm approves .. ”This tune goes manly. ”. ACT 5, Scene 1 – Dunsinane Castle – Doctor and Gentlewoman, concerned about Lady Macbeth, discuss.
Enter Lady Macbeth, sleepwalking, raving in sleep, blood on hands, haunted by evil deeds, Doctor fears she may commit suicide. ACT 5, Scene 2 – Countryside near Dunsinane – Menteith, Caithness, Angus, Lennox, soldiers, plan to meet Malcolm and the English forces, crucially near Birnam Wood, discuss Macbeth … ”Those he commands move only in command, Nothing in love.. ” ACT 5, Scene 3 – Dunsinane Castle – Macbeth, Doctor, etc, Macbeth overconfident, reliant on prophesies. Enter Seyton, military update, tyrannical. Doctor reports on Lady Macbeth, troubled, cure her, cure herself. Overconfident.
Doctor wishes to be away. ACT 5, Scene 4 – Countryside near Birnam Wood – Malcolm, Siward, Menteith, Nobles, forces meet up, Malcolm reveals his plan to use tree branches to obfuscate the army’s approach. The equivocation in the witches’ Birnham Wood prophecy becomes apparent. ACT 5, Scene 5 – Dunsinane Castle – Macbeth, Seyton, confident about resisting siege, woman’s cry, exit Seyton. Macbeth states he has “.. almost forgot the taste of fears. ”. Enter Seyton, Queen is dead. Limited emotion, a stage/life metaphor. Enter Messenger, Birnam Wood is moving towards the castle, vicious response, decides to fight … At least we’ll die with harness on our back. ”. ACT 5, Scene 6 – Outside Dunsinane Castle – Malcolm, Siward, Macduff, Malcolm orders branches discarded, Macduff to attack. ACT 5, Scene 7 – Outside Dunsinane Castle – Macbeth still reliant on “not born of woman” prophecy. Enter Young Siward, confronts bravely, Young Siward killed. Exit Macbeth. Enter Macduff, hunting for Macbeth. Enter Malcolm and Old Siward, battle going well. ACT 5, Scene 8 – Outside Dunsinane Castle – Macbeth, resolved to fight. Enter Macduff, confrontation, Macduff informs Macbeth he was born by caesarean, Macbeth dismayed but defiant, “Lay on.
Macduff. ” Fight, exit fighting. Enter Malcolm, Old Siward, Ross etc, Old Siward declares victory “.. is cheaply bought.. ”, Ross reports Young Siward’s death, Old Siward reacts. Enter Macduff carrying Macbeth’s head (1st apparition? ), Hail King of Scotland, Malcolm thanks. ———————– MACBETH DUNCAN King of Scotland MacDonwald (Rebel) Thane of Cawdor Edward (The Confessor) King of England OLD SIWARD English General YOUNG SIWARD MACDUFF MALCOLM Son of Duncan LADY MACBETH WITCHES ROSS (Noble) Norwegian Invaders BANQUO Fleance Son of Banquo Murderers Murderers HECATE Donalbain Son of Duncan Lady MacDuff MacDuff
Son Doctor Scottish Gentlewoman SEARGENT SEYTON (Valet) ANGUS (Noble) LENNOX (Noble) MENTEITH (Noble) CAITHNESS (Noble) Love Friends Loyalty Betrayal Status Murder Murder Failed Murder Murder Ally Ally Rebel / Enemy Traitor Executes Loyalty Report Noble Noble Disloyal Noble Son Noble Ally Son General Trust Betrayal Murder General Loyalty General Loyalty Son Loyalty Son Ruler Of Prophecy Meeting Prophecy Meeting Prophecy Abuse Serve Loyal Advisor Wife Wife Feels Abandoned Noble Cousin Abandons? Cousin Son Son Loyalty Abandons? Disloyal Love Loyalty Rebel / Enemy Kills Revenge Revenge Kills Kills Uncle Care / Concern