Living conditions of few privileged classes Essay
Living conditions of few privileged classes
Almaz Haile Slassie (1993), Traditional practices affecting the health of women and children in Africa (Ethiopia: A.A) Damte, E (2010) United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF) Early marriage (918) Divorce in Ethiopia: The impact of early marriage, Tilson, Larson (2000) Ethiopian public health training initiative, the Carter center the Ethiopian Ministry of Education (2005) Guday Emila (2005) : – Early marriage and its effects on girls education, in rural Ethiopia Ministry of health (1991), Traditional practices in Ethiopia A.A Ethiopia Shewa E. (1985), Female circumcision
Sitotaw Biru (1999),The study on harmful traditional practices in Ethiopia Signhs Samara.R (1996), Early marriage among women in developing countries pp: 148-157 Wolf and Signhs (1991), Sexual activity union and child bearing among adolescent women in the America pp: 137-144
The questionnaire is prepared to collect information for the research title on the causes and consequences of harmful traditional practices on women in Arsi. You are kindly requested to fill the questionnaire properly. 1. Background of the respondents
1.1. Sex Male Female 1.2. Age 10-15 30-40 Above 45 15-20 40-45 1.3. Educational level
Illiterate High school Literate preparatory school Elementary school University
House wife Wage worker Student Government Employee 1.5. Marital status
Single Married Divorced/Widowed 2. Knowledge, attitude and practice of respondents towards HTPs 2.1. Do you have faced by any type of HTPS practice?
A. YES B.NO
2.2. Do you have knowledge about HTPs?
A. YES B. NO
2.3. If your answer for question no 2.1 is yes by which HTPs do you face? A. Early marriage □ C. vasectomy □ B. FGM □ D. Milk teeth extraction□ E. Others________________________
2.4. Do you support the practice of HTPs?
A. YES B. NO 2.5. In what way you get information or knowledge about HTPs? A. From mass media
B. By education
C. From health center
2.6. Do you participate in any public affairs?
A. YES B. NO
2.7. Do you know the impact of FGM?
A. YES B. NO
2.8. Is your family knows the impact of early marriage?
A. YES B. NO
2.9. At present what is the level of practicing HTPs in your community? A. Low B. Medium C. High 2.10. In your assumption who should take first place to reduce HTPs on women? A. Government C. Religious leaders B. Civil societies D. All individuals 2.11. If your answer for question no 2.5 is low, what is the reason? __________________ 2.12. What is the rate of practicing HTPs in your locality from the past to present? Decreasing Constant Increasing 2.13. If your response for question 2.12 is decrease why? ______________________ 3. Reasons for exercising major HTPs on women
3.1. Why the following HTPs undertaken in your locality? Please justify your reason FGM______________________________
Milk teeth extraction_________________
If any other mentioned HTPs justify your reason
3.2. What do you think the possible short term impacts of the following major HTPs on women? FGM_________________________
Milk teeth extraction____________
3.3. Based on your perception do you think that HTPs are really harmful? YES NO
3.4. Do you get information about HTPs on women?
3.5. Against if your response in question 3.4 is yes through which media do you get information? Radio and television□
Magazine and news paper □
Health institution □
Through all □
If any other please_______________________
1. How much traditional practices are practiced in this kebele? 2. What are these harmful traditional practices?
3. What is the attitude of society towards HTPs practice on women? 4. What is the reason for practicing HTPs on women?
5. What are the impacts of practicing HTPs on women?
6. What is the perception of society to avoid these HTPs?
7. What are the exiting gaps in decreasing HTPs on women?
8. What is the impact of avoiding HTPs on women?
9. What you suggest to fill the gaps done for reducing the practice of HTPs? 10. What is the role of individual society to decrease or avoid the practice of HTPs? 11. What are possible short and long term outcomes of HTPs women?
First I would like to thank the almighty God for his priceless contribution to complete this research. Secondly I acknowledge my advisor Mulye Girmay for his kindly advising me to work this research efficiently. Thirdly I would like to thank my family to support in terms of finance and they encourage me in attempts to become successful. Finally I would like to thank the library workers and respondents for their contributions through providing the necessary information about research concern.
The research deals with the causes and consequences of harmful traditional practices in Arsi the case of Edo kebele. The objective of this research is to describe harmful traditional practices on women into culture of Arsi and to indicate the prevalence of major harmful traditional practices in Arsi. Qualitative research method is used to assess the causes of practicing harmful traditional practice on women in Edo. The researcher takes 30 respondents from that kebele to gather the information by using interview, FGD, and questionnaire.