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Lit mark twain and ch 1-2 TAOTS

twain birthday
Nov 30, 1835
twain birthday

twain real name
Samuel Langhorne Clemens
twain real name

twain hometown
Hannibal, Missouri
twain hometown

twain first job and age
printer’s apprentice at 13
twain first job and age

twain went where at 21
back to Mississippi river
twain went where at 21

twain always wanted to be
steamboat pilot
twain always wanted to be

pen name and what does it mean
Mark Twain- riverboat term for water 2 fathoms (12 feet) deep
pen name and what does it mean

first story success
“The celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County”
first story success

made up place in story name
St petersburg

why did he pick this name for Tom’s hometown
St Peter= tends gates of heaven, St Petersburg= close to heaven in Twain’s eyes

idyll
remembrance of a simple, peaceful, and innocent country life, often by a person who lives in the city
idyll

what does twain contrast in the book
the world of children and adults

Tom’s greatest strength is his
imagination
Tom's greatest strength is his

after twain dad dies he drops out of school to be
printer’s apprentice
after twain dad dies he drops out of school to be

Twain greatest boyhood dream
steamboat pilot
Twain greatest boyhood dream

twain collected this over the years that he would later find valuable
characters and personalities

y did twain leave MS river
civil war
y did twain leave MS river

y did twain go west and to what city
his brother got a job in Virginia City, Nevada

what career did twain pursue when he first got to VA city
mining
what career did twain pursue when he first got to VA city

what newspaper did twain write for in nevada
Territorial enterprise

what year did jumping frog come out and what did it get for twain
1865 and it gained him national recognition
what year did jumping frog come out and what did it get for twain

y did Twain have to leave Nevada
he fled from duel (illegal) with a very sharp shot
y did Twain have to leave Nevada

where did twain go and what did he work for
San Francisco and worked for a newspaper
where did twain go and what did he work for

what did twain write about in San Fran
treatment of Chinese immigrants

Where in the pacific does twain go
the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii)
Where in the pacific does twain go

what career does this trip prompt
platform lecturer and performer extraordinaire

who did twain Mary and how old was he
Olivia Langdon at age 34
who did twain Mary and how old was he

what did Olivia call twain
youth

what was Twain’s first book called and what was it based on
the innocents abroad based on his travel a around the world
what was Twain's first book called and what was it based on

what was the running gag that twain asked tour guides about historical people
is he dead?
what was the running gag that twain asked tour guides about historical people

what group did twain criticise
the rich
what group did twain criticise

what and where did twain build
a gaudy house in Hartford, Connecticut
what and where did twain build

twain was fascinated with what and he had the first what
technology and he had the first private telephone
twain was fascinated with what and he had the first what

what did twain do that he was the first to ever do to make money
he was a celebrity endorser
what did twain do that he was the first to ever do to make money

what indoor game did twain play
Billiards or pool
what indoor game did twain play

how did twain help President Grant
convinced and helped him write his memoirs
how did twain help President Grant

what did Twain’s study in elmira, NY resemble
steamboat pilot house
what did Twain's study in elmira, NY resemble

what investment caused twain financial ruin
paige typesetter
what investment caused twain financial ruin

how does twain repay debts
world lecture tour
how does twain repay debts

what disaster befalls the twain family
Suzy got meningitis and died
what disaster befalls the twain family

what honor does twain receive from England
honorary degree from oxford
what honor does twain receive from England

what does twain do to get more attention
dress in white suit
what does twain do to get more attention

what did twain call young female friends that kept him company in his last years and how old were they
angelfish and 10-16 years old (the grandchildren he never had
what did twain call young female friends that kept him company in his last years and how old were they

what year does twain die and what does the country mourn along with his death
1910, they lost their own innocence

what is his most profitable business company
his publishing company

what is outrageous and unprecedented about the narrative of Huck Finn
Huck Finn is the narrator of the story

what is the downside to the life on the river in Huck Finn
isolation and lonliness

twain wrote the book for who and why
kids- connect to book;
adults- remember what they were like

when book written
1876

what is setting
St. Petersburg, Missouri in the 1840s

atmosphere
humor and adventure

point of view
3rd person omniscient

conflict
man vs man

child’s world is a dangerous place
violence, death (drowning), town is idyll, Gothic elements

child’s world is full of moral uncertainty- example? tom’s morals? What is rewarded?
questions not always answered, tom has conscience but no remorse, bad behavior is rewarded

vanity and revenge motivate behavior
showoffs and characters motivated by possession; revenge drives people to want to get back at one another

material success= respectable society
tom buys way to respect, Huck’s status in society

kids and adults are always at odds
adults want to civilize kids and kids want freedom

society encourages and rewards insincerity
characters are insincere but are still praiseworthy

“Bad boys can triumph”
model boy books against tom-like characters; tom rewarded for bad behaviors; this ties into moral uncertainty

language is
simple; every word has a job

twain even preaches against
fine language in ch 21

sometimes it is wordy but here twain is
making fun of romantic writers like James Feign more Cooper

humor comes through in
dialects

twain is a comic realist-
portrays life humorously but faithfully

how does he masks sophistication, why, what is our section to this?
by “Aw shucks” demeanor, to deliver social criticism; we laugh and then see the bite of satire

How did Tom get out of being switched?
He got out of it by telling Aunt Polly to look behind her and ran away.

How did Aunt Polly catch Tom for playing hooky?
His button was sewn on with black thread instead of white thread. Sid pointed this out.

Why does Tom live with his Aunt Polly?
He lives with Aunt Polly because his parents died. Aunt Polly is his mom’s sister.

What did Tom do to the new boy?
Tom beat the new boy up and teased him. His mane is Alfred temple

What was Tom’s Saturday job for punishment? How did he escape doing it? What did he do instead?
It was whitewashing the fence. He tricked Ben into thinking that it wa fun and you had to be very good to do it, so Ben wanted to whitewash. He was given any apple by ben and he sat under the shade, ate his apple, and planned the slaughter of more innocents. He then tricked many boys into doing is work for him.

What was Tom’s reward for white washing?
His reward from the boys was an apple, a kite, a dead rat, 12 marbles, jew’s harp part, piece of Blue bottle glass to look through, a spool cannon, a key that wouldn’t unlock anything, chalk, glass stopper of a decanter, a tin soldier, a couple of tadpoles, 6 firecrackers, a kitten with one eye, a brass doorknob, a dog collar, the handle of a knife, 4 orange peel pieces, and a dilapidated old window sash. Aunt Polly gave him any apple and a doughnut and a lecture.

Why didn’t Aunt Polly belt Sid for breaking the sugar bowl?
She didn’t do it because he is usually kind and it was an accident. She thinks Tom did something else bad and is beating him for that.

What did a pupil get when he got ten yellow tickets?
A bible.

How did Tom get ten yellow tickets?
He traded with his friends.

How was Tom’s deceitfulness revealed?
He did not know the first 2 disciples Jesus appointed. He said David and Goliath.

Eagerness
Alacrity

Lower oneself to the position of inferiors
Condescend

Schemed
Contrived

Puzzled, uncertain
Perplexed

Impressively great
Prodigious

Ridicule
Derision

Agree to something
Consent

Want
Covet

the title of the book is a clue to the
structure, it is a bunch of adventures strung together

4 plot lines
tom’s courtship of becky, framing of muff potter for dr. Robinson’s murder, Jackson island adventure and run away boys, fate of injun joe

themes
child’s world is a dangerous place, child’s world is full of moral uncertainty, vanity and revenge motivate behavior, material success= respectable society, kids and adults are always at odds, society encourages and rewards insincerity, “Bad boys can triumph”

how does chapter 1 start
Tom is found in a closet eating jam but escapes punishment by tricking his Aunt Polly.

describe aunt polly
Aunt Polly is a comic figure, vain, and gullible.

what does Jim remind us of
The character, Jim, reminds us that slavery was prevalent in Missouri at the time.

what about tom is left to our imagination
Tom’s appearance and age are left to our imagination. Since he represents “boyhood,” he seems to take on several different ages.

there is an allusion to what in ch 2, what does it symbolize
he describes st Petersburg as a “Delectable Land”(9) allusion to John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress (1678), a symbolic work of Christian morality.

What does this ( whitewashing) scene tell us about Tom?
He is a clever actor and leader but also still a child who values what adults would consider worthless.

what does twain satire
Twain satirizes the adult world throughout the book. Here, the pursuit of “wealth” is mocked because wealth is just things- in this case, worthless objects.

what 2 lessons does tom learn
he “philosopher’s” lesson- desirability = difficulty in obtaining.
You are obliged to work, you are not obliged to play.

what does tom get after the whitewashing, is he guilty? What does he do immediately?
Tom gets his reward, an apple and a compliment, but learns nothing. As Polly talks about the value of getting something “through virtuous effort,” he steals a doughnut.

what does tom do to sid
Tom exacts his revenge against Sid with dirt clods

what do tom and joe do
Tom and Joe Harper lead opposing armies. Of course, Tom, as a general, wins a great victory.

who does tom see for the first time and what does he get
Tom sees Becky Thatcher, shows off, wins a pansy.

what happens with tom, sid, and the bowl
Tom is blamed when Sid breaks sugar bowl. He wallows in self-pity at the injustice. Tom shows his boyish immaturity when he fantasizes revenge and refuses to forgive Aunt Polly from the grave, a foreshadowing of events to come.

what does tom remember on a raft and what does he go do
Sitting on a raft, Tom remembers Becky. He returns to her house and lies in his misery on her lawn until a maid throws water out of a window on him.

what does tom do to his clothes, what does sid do
Tom examines his wet clothes by candlelight. Sid sees him but thinks better of saying anything to him.

how is the novel an idyll in ch 3
Tom’s Sunday school pranks are harmless and playful, (although embarrassing) as are most activities memorialized in idylls.

what allusion is in ch 3 with tom
After his bath Tom is described as “a man and a brother, without distinction of color.” This is an allusion to a 1787 medallion showing a black man in chains asking, “Am I not a man and a brother?” This was a well-known phrase and anti-slavery icon of the times.

why would tom be compared to a slave
Because here he is bound to go to church and no longer a “free man.”

what does twain satire at Sunday school
Twain satirizes church and just about everything and everyone involved with it in the next two chapters.q

how do you win a bible, who has wan 2 or 3, what happened to the German kid and why
Students can earn a Bible for memorizing and reciting Bible verses. Mary has won 2 or 3. One German boy won 4 or 5 but Twain delights in telling us he went insane as a result.

who helps tom learn his verses and what does he/she bribe him with
To learn his verses (Matthew 5-7), Mary bribes Tom with a “Barlow” knife, a single bladed pocket knife like those made by Russell Barlow in 1700s.

who is Sunday school superintendent and what is she shown to be
At Sunday school the superintendent, Mr. Walters, is shown to be vain and pompous.

who does everyone show off for and who does tom show off for
Everyone “shows off” for Judge Thatcher, a distinguished visitor from far-off Constantinople. Tom shows off again for the “unknown adored,” now known to be Becky Thatcher.

what does tom do to impress becky
To impress Becky and steal the show, Tom trades in all of his riches from the fence painting for enough yellow tickets to win a Bible.

what happens that humiliates tom
Unfortunately, Judge Thatcher can’t help quizzing the Bible scholar, with disastrous results.

Twain lets our own imaginations complete the scene. Why?
What we imagine is probably funnier left unsaid – and better than what Twain could write.

Tom gets angry in the book and reacts like a typical boy? What happens in this episode and what does tom do that makes him a typical boy?
Sid broke the sugar bowl and tom was blamed for it. Even when Tom says that Sid did it, Aunt Polly still doesn’t apologize. Tom goes away and sulks in a corner. He pictured himself on his death bed and her asking for forgiveness and his refusing it. He pictured her crying over his dead body asking for forgiveness. He started crying and overreacted. He overreacted so much (like a typical boy) that he avoided everyone and went onto a raft on the river.

Twain satyres many things in the book. Give 2 examples of this and why is it funny
Twain satirizes the adult world throughout the book. Here in chapter 2, the pursuit of “wealth” is mocked because wealth is just things- in this case, worthless objects. Tom values many worthless objects and the adult wealth is mocked. ;;;;
Twain satirizes church and just about everything and everyone involved with it in chapter 4 and 5. He makes fun of it by making the quest for bibles that main reason to attend Sunday school. The German boy going “insane” is an example of this satire. The superintendent is mocked. Everyone does good things merely to show off. Tom does not know about the bible; he just gets it to show off.

2 great laws of human action that tom learns
1. desirability = difficulty in obtaining.
[tom makes Joe think that only “good enough” people can white wash the fence which makes him want to be “good” and whitewash the fence.]
2. You are obliged to work, you are not obliged to play.
[Tom made whitewashing the fence “play” by making the boys want to do it, anything that is “play” is not work, therefore people find enjoyable]

moral uncertainty
Watch for questions of right and wrong that are not always answered by Twain. Although Tom’s conscience often bothers him, he shows little actual remorse and does not change his behavior. he lies, steals, cheats, smokes, and disobeys, and is rewarded! “Model boy” books warned against characters like Tom. ;;;;
Tom has other people white wash the fence for him and still is rewarded. Tom’s reward is an apple and a compliment, but he learns nothing. As Polly talks about the value of getting something “through virtuous effort,” he steals a doughnut.

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