Lion and Asiatic Lions
Lion and Asiatic Lions
Extinction is a problem that has been around since the beginning of time. An organism might go extinct for many reasons. Some reasons might be Mother Nature. Man also plays a part as they might over hunt the organism and drive it to extinct. But another cause is natural selection and the belief that only the strong will survive in this game we call life. Many problems can happen because of extinction it could offsets the ecosystem they are living in. Case in point if a certain predator goes extinct that would permit its prey to reproduce and offset the ecosystem in that area. Extinction is in the wrong when it does not come about through natural selection and as an alternative it happens through hunting an animal extensively for its fur or tusks.
There are certain ways extinction can happens and hunting should not be one of the ways it happens natural selection should decide which animals get extinct and not us humans. One of these organisms facing extinction is the lions located in Africa. One of the reasons there at risk of becoming in danger, is because hunters hunt them for their beautiful .Throughout this report I will inform you of the condition of the lions. I will talk about how we can prevent them from going extinct and preserve this creature.
Lions are a creature mainly to be found in Africa. Like most creatures there are many types of lions. There are 12 recognized subspecies of the lions determined by size, mane, and distribution. However the most in danger is the Asiatic Lion as there are less than 400 left. So this report will be focusing on these specific lion.
The lion got its name from the Latin leo; and the Ancient Greek λέων (leon). The Hebrew word לָבִיא (lavi) may also be related. It was one of the many species originally described by Linnaeus, who gave it the name Felis leo, in his eighteenth century work, Systema Naturae. The Asiatic lion is a sub specie of the lion. It is believed the animal’s habitat may have extended from Northern India in the east through modern Iran, south throughout the periphery of the Arabian Peninsula and west towards modern Greece and Italy. Indeed, multiple fossil localities of the related subspecies Panthera leo spelaea have been discovered throughout North Africa, the Middle East, Siberia,Alaska and much of Europe going as far north as Scotland.
However now the Asiatic lion resides in northern India and modern Iran. Asiatic lions are highly social animals when there with in there prides. Prides are groups of lions that stay together. Asiatic prides are smaller than those of African lions, with an average of only two females, whereas an African pride has an average of four to six. The Asiatic males are less social and only associate with the pride when mating or on a large kill. It has been suggested that this may be because their prey animals are smaller than those in Africa, requiring fewer hunters to tackle them. Asiatic lions feed predominantly on deer (sambar & chital), antelope (nilgai), gazelle (chinkara), wild boar, water buffalo and livestock. However the entire population of the Asiatic lion is said to have started from 13 individual lions.
As the population stared from such a low number inbreeding is said to be a problem with this specie. Inbreeding is a major problem as inbreeding might make them vulnerable to diseases, and causes 70% to 80% of sperm to be deformed. Further inbreeding may cause the population to be susceptible to diseases due to a weakening immune system, possibly causing their sperm to be deformed, leading to infertility. However India has stared pure breeding Asiatic lions in hopes to revive their population and put an end to inbreeding. Asiatic lions are similar to African forms, they have shorter postorbital constriction and usually the color ranges from reddish-brown to a highly mottled black to sandy cinnamon grey.
They reach a weight of 160–190 kg (350–420 lb.) for the males and 110–120 kg (240–260 lb.) for the females. Head and body length is 170–250 cm (5 ft 7 in – 8 ft 2 in) in males and 140–175 cm (4 ft 7 in – 5 ft 9 in) in females; shoulder height is up to 123 cm (4 ft) in males and as low as 91 cm (3 ft) in females. The tail length is 90–105 cm (2 ft 11 in – 3 ft 5 in) in males and 70–100 cm in females (2 ft 4 in – 3 ft 3 in).
However this animal is endangered of going extinct. One of the problems causing this animal to be extinct is inbreeding. Inbreeding is a high problem because the entire specie is believed to have been created from 12 separate lions in the early 1900’s. So future lions have weakened immune systems and are infertile. The second problem is hunting this lion is hunted for its beautiful fur. The main problem is the cutting down of there habitat. There habitat is constantly being cutdown because of over population. Because of this the asiatic lions live in captivity.
Over time organisms face many challenges. Some organism have a harder time facing these challenges then other. Extinction is the biggest challenge organism face as some organism can’t over come it and become extinct. The asiatic lion is one organism facing extinction. It is believed that the asiatic lion might be extinct by the year 2020. However steps are being taken to prevent this organism from being extinct. One step being taken is creating safe habitats for the to protect them from being hunted. Hunting is the second biggest problem facing the asiatic lion. The asiatic lion is constantly being hunted by hunters. In order to prevent this problems laws have been placed that make hunting this animal illegal. Hopefully these steps will help these organism over come the challenge of extinction .
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 7 January 2017
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