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Life of Cicero

When was Marcus Tullius Cicero?
January 3, 106 B.C.

What did Cicero study?
rhetoric, poetry, & philosophy

Toga Virilis
toga of the adult male

What did Cicero specialize in?
study of oratory & law

Where did Cicero get his education?
first at Athens,then Rhodes under the rhetorician Molo

What happened to Cicero after 2 years abroad?
returned to Rome & accomplished orator

Was Cicero married or divorced?
married twice, & divorced twice

Who was Cicero’s first wife?
Terentia

What is the name of the daughter that came from Cicero’s first wife?
Tullia, Cicero’s favorite child, died

What is the name of the son that came from Cicero’s first wife?
Marcus

Who did Cicero divorce Terentia for?
Publilia

Cursus Honorum in Sicily
quaestor- treasurer
praetor- judge
consul- highest executive
aedile- organized public games

Verres
a corrupt ex-governor of Sicily, on charges of extortion

Hortensius
the most eminent lawyer and orator, engaged by Verres

Prosecution
Cicero presented his evidence so well that Hortensius withdrew from the case
Verres went into voluntary exile

When did Cicero’s fame begin?
prosecution of Verres & became Rome’s foremost orator

When did Cicero become aedile?
in 69 B.C.

When did Cicero become praetor?
in 66 B.C.

When did Cicero become consul?
in 63 B.C.

Novus Homo
one whose ancestors had never held a high office, new man

Who did Cicero suppress during his consulship?
Catilina

Catilinarian conspiracy
a plot to destroy Rome

Who is the leader of the Catilinarian conspiracy?
Lucius Sergius Catilina

Lucius Sergius Catilina
a noble & a member of the Senate

Pater patriae
a title given to national heroes, given to Cicero

Orations
over fifty speeches
defense of clients
defense of political nature
In Catilinam
Pro Archia
De Imperio Cn. Pompei

Essays
several treatises on oratory & philosophy based on Greek writings
De Oratore
De Finibus
De Natura Deorum
De Officiis
De Amicitia
De Senecetute

Letters
over 8 hundred
best friend, Atticus
various other friends
brother, Quintus
Brutus, Caesar’s assassin

Cicero was called upon by the Sicilians to help prosecute:
Verres

Cicero’s best friend:
Atticus

law discussed in the speech De Imperio Cn. Pompei:
Manilian

direct cause of Cicero’s death:
Philippics

Cicero studied oratory & philosophy under the rhetorician:
Molo

Cicero’s claim to fame:
writer

Cicero would be classified as:
conservative

De Amicitia is one of Cicero’s famous:
essays

Cicero began his cursus honorum as quaestor in:
Sicily

Cicero was forced into exile by:
Clodius

After suppressing the Catalinarian conspiracy, Cicero was called:
pater patriae

Cicero’s birthplace was near:
Arpinum

engaged in a war with Mithridates, king of:
Pontus

Cicero’s chief rival as a lawyer was:
Hortensius

About one hundred letters of Cicero have come down to us:
F

Cicero’s father belonged to the equestrain order:
T

The death of Cicero’s favorite child, Marcus, dealt him a crushing blow:
F

Cicero went into exile in Asia Minor:
F

Cicero was second only to Demosthenes in the field of oratory:
T

Cicero received his education in Rome, Athens, and Rhodes:
T

Cicero was put to death by order of Clodius:
F

De Senectute is considered one of Cicero’s greatest speeches:
F

Ciceros’ two marriages ended in divorce:
T

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