The 2011 Libyan civil war is an ongoing armed conflict in the North African state of Libya being fought between those seeking to depose Muammar Gaddafi and hold democratic elections, and pro-Gaddafi forces. Muammar Gaddafi has been the de-facto ruler of Libya since 1969 and has ruled the country without any election or a constitution. In late January, Jamal al-Hajji, a writer, political commentator called for demonstrations to be held in support of greater freedoms in Libya. He was arrested on 1 February.
Gaddafi warned them that they would be held responsible if they disturbed the peace or created chaos in Libya The situation began as a series of peaceful protests on 15 February 2011.
which Gaddafi’s attempted to repress. The rebels demand the ouster of Gaddafi and comprehensive political and economic reforms Within a week, this uprising spread across the country and Gaddafi was struggling to retain control. Gaddafi responded with military force. The situation escalated into armed conflict, with rebels establishing a coalition named the Transitional National Council based in Benghazi.
The International Criminal Court warned Gaddafi that he and members of his government may have committed crimes against humanity. The United Nations Security Council passed an initial resolution freezing the assets of Gaddafi and ten members of his inner circle. The resolution also referred the actions of the government to the International Criminal Court for investigation. In early March, Gaddafi’s forces pushed eastwards and re-took several coastal cities before attacking Benghazi. U. N. resolution authorized to establish and enforce a no-fly zone over Libya.
The Gaddafi government then announced a ceasefire, but failed to uphold it. edit] Uprising and civil war The protests and confrontations began in earnest on 15 February 2011. On the evening of 15 February, between 500 and 600 protesters chanted slogans in front of the police headquarters in Benghazi. The protest was broken up violently by police, resulting in 38 injuries. 
The novelist Idris Al-Mesmari was arrested hours after giving an interview with Al Jazeera about the police reaction to protests.  In Al Bayda and Az Zintan, hundreds of protesters in each town called for an end of the Gaddafi regime and set fire to police and security buildings. 66] In Az Zintan, the protesters set up tents in the town centre.  The protests continued the following day in Benghazi, Darnah and Al Bayda, leading to four deaths and three injuries.  Hundreds gathered at Maydan al-Shajara in Benghazi, and authorities tried to disperse protesters with water cannons.  A “Day of Rage” in Libya and by Libyans in exile was planned for 17 February. 
The National Conference for the Libyan Opposition asked that all groups opposed to the Gaddafi regime protests on 17 February, in memory of demonstrations in Benghazi five years earlier. 65] The plans to protest were inspired by the 2010–2011 Tunisian and Egyptian uprisings.  Composition of rebel forces The rebels are composed primarily of civilians, such as teachers, students, lawyers, and oil workers, and a contingent of professional soldiers that defected from the Libyan Army and joined the rebels demand the ouster of Gaddafi, the establishment of a constitution, and comprehensive political and economic reforms. Gaddafi came to power in 1969 through a military coup and has ruled the country without an elected parliament or a constitution.