Library catalog Essay
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I. Introduction Freeman Dyson has said, “Technology is a gift of God, after the gift of life; it is perhaps the greatest of God’s gift. It is the monitor civilizations, of arts and sciences”. With technology, we can get things done precisely, efficiently and fast. Wireless communication devices keep you connected wherever you go. These things were developed due to greater inventions and creativity of their designers. But on the other hand, there are still places or institutions that have a slow growth of development when it comes to advancement of technology.
And one of these that caught the proponent’s attention is the library. Years ago every library used paper based catalogs for finding books, but when the computers made it to the market, the libraries started to get digitalized. You were able to search through the library catalog in seconds to find a certain book (or any other item that could be borrowed) and to make all these items public for computer- and web search.
Kapitolyo High School Library is using a system wherein recording and compiling data are done manually which results to slow transaction of borrowing and returning books.
In studying Kapitolyo High School Library System, the librarian, students and faculty are find difficulty. The librarian takes too much time and effort in recording the detailed information of the borrower’s and books one-by-one, checks and update the records of the books and makes a report for the library using a pieces of paper. The students, also a faculty member, need to wait for their turn to borrow a book as a reference for their notes and/or assignments. One problem in this situation is the students’ waste more time in finding books because there are instances that the book they need is not available.
Having a manual system, they have the problem in keeping the records because some are loss or damage, some are missing. The information are not properly organized, which leads to lack of security and there are redundancies in recording the detailed information of the books. As more libraries move towards providing services in a digital environment, the improved access to remote library collections is making the use of electronic information resources more realistic and more attractive. Traditional online services had transformed themselves into internet-based online services using web-based technologies.
In this thesis, the proponents proposed an automated system for Kapitolyo High School Library to have an easy way in borrowing and returning books and to know the information of the books quickly which entitled Web Based Library. Web based Library is a library in which collections are stored in digital formats (as opposed to print, microform, or other media) and accessible by computers. The digital may be stored locally or accessed remotely via computers. A digital library is a type of information retrieval system.
The system features borrowing and returning of books and will show the date when the user have borrowed or returned the books. Cataloguing of books helps to organized books properly. Through cataloguing, librarian can monitor the borrowed, overdue and available books to the user. The system has maintenance for books, user and penalty. The system will also solve the problem in data redundancy, inaccurate and erroneous record, difficulty in searching books and inaccuracy in reports generated. A well organized library collection provides easily access and retrieval of materials.
The system are highly acceptable because of being creative, user-friendly and efficient for the user by easy generating of card catalogue, records of books and records of all browsers. Operational efficiency, time utilization and accuracy were optimized. II. Conceptual Framework Web Based Library System for Kapitolyo High School Library Designing Coding Debugging Testing and Revision Software Requirement * PHP * XAMPP * Notepad * VB. Net * Dreamweaver * Operating System Hardware Requirement * At least Pentium 4 * At least 512mb or higher Ram * 80gb HDD.
Knowledge Requirement * Database * Security * Internet * Web Browser * Web Server INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT Maintenance Figure 1. Theoretical Framework III. Statement of the Problem How will the system enhance the Library System of Kapitolyo High School? Specifically, the system seeks to answer the following: 1. How will the system show Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC)? 2. How will the system help the students and/or visitor to search reference materials thru web? 3. How will the system help the students in reserving reference materials thru web?
IV. Hypothesis The study will examine how OPAC (Online Public Access Cataloging) transaction flow, how will they see the information of the reference materials search by the students and/or visitor and how the students can reserve a reference materials via web. V. Objectives of the Study To develop the library system in Kapitolyo High School that will enhance the current system. 1. To help the students and/or visitor to show easily the online bibliography of a library collection or the reference materials that is available to the public.
2. Using search engine, the students and/or visitor can find the reference materials and its information easily. 3. PAKILAGYAN DEN VI. Scope and Limitation The scope of the study covers the OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog), transaction of borrowing and returning, list and information of the reference materials, mapping of reference materials by dewey decimal, searching of reference materials thru the web (by author, by title, by subject). The students can also reserve for a reference materials thru web.
This study is limited by showing the contents of books thru web. The computing of the payments regarding the due date and the visitor can’t reserve a reference material. VII. Significance of the Study This study gives importance to the people or things that may involve on it. These are the significance of the study that may help the people behind the said system. Librarian The system will help the librarian monitor the records of the borrowed and returned books. And provide an accurate report for the records of the library.
Students It will help the students to have an easy way of borrowing and returning books and to find books faster. Visitors It will help the visitor to have an easy access in borrowing books in the library. School It will help the school by having a convenient transaction between the librarian and the borrowers. Proponents????? (LAGYAN niu) VIII. Definition of Terms CatalogingCataloging (or cataloguing) is the process of listing or including something in a catalog. In library science it is the producing of bibliographical descriptions of books or other kinds of documents.
Today the study of cataloging has broadened and merged with the study of metadata (“data about data contents”) and is sometimes termed resource description and access. DatabaseAn organized collection of data for one or more purposes, usually in digital form. The data are typically organized to model relevant aspects of reality, in a way that supports processes requiring this information. Information RetrievalThe area of the study concerned with searching for documents, for information within the documents.
ISBN (International Standard Book Number) is a unique number assigned to a book title by its publisher for tracking and ordering purposes. Librarya library is a large collection of books, and can refer to the place in which the collection is housed. Today, the term can refer to any collection, including digital sources, resources, and services. The collections can be of print, audio, and visual materials in numerous formats,including maps, prints, documents, microform (microfilm/microfiche), CDs, cassettes,videotapes, DVDs, video games, e-books, audio books and many other electronic resources.
MicroformsAny forms, either films/paper, containing micro production of documents for transmission, storage, reading and printing. Online Public Access CatalogAn OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog) is an online bibliography of a library collection that is available to the public. OPACs developed as stand-alone online catalogs, often from VT100 terminals to a mainframe library catalog. With the arrival of the Internet, most libraries have made their OPAC accessible from a server to users all over the world. User-friendly the ease of use and learn ability of a human-made object.
This chapter contains the researched review done by the proponents about the related ideas regarding the proposed system. It includes the differences and similarities found among other Library System. This chapter constitutes more on the study of the System Literature Side. It covers the related view and ideas presenting other library system made possible by other proponents and programmers.
To review encompasses the critical aspect of all Library System study. A. Related Literature 1. Foreign Literature In the UK, Philip C. Howze and Dorothy M.Moore (2003) did a field test of “a multilingual glossary of terms related to the use of library-based technology” with 153 students for whom English was not their native language. “Degrees of knowledge ranged from not understanding enough English to know what a term meant, to knowing what a term meant to the degree of being able to explain it to others.
The majority of students believed that such a glossary would be helpful when using the library, as well as other library materials presented in translation” (Howze and Moore 2003). http://capping. slis. ualberta. ca/cap06/renee/review.
html In accordance with the statement of PACU-COA (Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities Commission on Accreditation), the primary characteristic of a good college university library is identification with the institution. “The measure of excellence is the extent to which its resources, services and facilities support the institution’s objectives. ” In this statement, the function of the library are basically to serve as teaching arm of institution, to stimulate independent intellectual development, and to contribute to a well-rounded liberal education.
http://www.slideshare. net/verzosaf/library-evaluation-and-performance-measurement-review-of-literature Clive Maishment, CEO of the Alberta Library states that “The library community identified language learning software as a need. Libraries are often an early point of contact with newcomers who want to improve their English skills, so it’s an important service. ” In this statement, many people went to library to read a book for them to improve their skills in speaking English language and other language. http://www. marigold. ab. ca/content/read-all-about-it 2. Local Literature
(1994) affirms that technical services must be transformed through the innovativeness of its leaders. This is so if archives want to become active agents of the electronic revolution with the responsibility of collecting information in all forms. Her paper presented the past and present archival practices and visions of electronic library equipment. The working environments in the past demand a variety of challenges. However, she emphasizes that knowledge of the basic concepts and process on technical services is still a must whether it is an electronic library, or a library in an information technology environment.
Despite the changes, the basic process of performing archival activities remains constant and what has changed is how the work is done. http://ivythesis. typepad. com/term_paper_topics/2009/05/thesis-chapter-2-review-of-related-literature. html#ixzz1uVUxIIGq National Library of the Philippines creates public electronic library Filipinos will soon be able to access the information resources of the National Library of the Philippines (NLP) from their offices or even from the comfort of their homes.
Funded by the Commission on Information and Communications Technology (CICT) through the PHP4 billion eGovernment Fund, the Philippine eLib – the country’s first public electronic library – boasts of a collection of more than 800,000 bibliographic records consisting of more than 25 million pages of local and international materials, 29,000 full text journals, and 15,000 theses and dissertations on diverse subject matters. Access to the electronic library can be done in two ways: through post paid subscriptions or prepaid cards.
With both modes, a username and password will be provided to access the library. Membership is open to the National Library’s partners in this project, to corporate subscribers, and to guest users who will avail themselves of a prepaid eLib card. Those with no PCs, can access the electronic library via the 36 operational units in the eKiosk wing of the National Library.
Basic and advanced searches in online catalogs The services available through the Philippine eLib are basic and advanced search in the online catalogs, basic and advanced search in the electronic databases, and subscription to the Cyber Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) where users can receive updates on new materials added to the system. Some of the databases available through the eLib are the EBSCO Academic Package, IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
Computer Source, and ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) standards. The more general reference materials include the Britannica Online and Xrefer Plus. The Philippine eLib was conceptualised in 2003 through the efforts of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), led by Undersecretary Fortunato T. dela Pena, and four other government institutions, namely the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), Department of Agriculture (DA), National Library of the Philippines (NLP), and University of the Philippines (UP).
The project met all the criteria for approval set by the CICT. The first one is that the project should employ a cross-agency system. CICT was looking for a project that would enable connectivity among multiple government agencies. To address this criterion, the project members based the Philippine eLib on the current systems and existing networks of the institutions involved.
The Philippine eLib project is instrumental in bringing to the world the invaluable Filipiniana special collections available in the system of the five major members of the project. Deliver services directly to citizens The second criterion is that the project should be citizen-centric, which meant it should deliver services directly to the citizens. The Philippine eLib carried this out by provisioning local nodes to existing local libraries in all the 12 regions of the country, for better public access. The third criterion is that the project should be able to produce a multiplier effect.
The Philippine eLib tackled this factor by stressing the fact that creating an online library system in the Philippines would increase the citizens’ knowledge. The Philippine eLib aims to enrich local content in digital format for community and global access. It also aims to promote and accelerate the exchange of knowledge resources among citizens, and international users. Senator Ramon Magsaysay Jr. , the guest speaker at the launching of the eLib, stressed the importance of providing easy information access to the country’s citizens.
“The importance of IT should not be discounted,” he said in his speech. “As Thomas Jefferson said, information is the currency of democracy. ” [June 2000] By April B. Rojales, CW Reporter http://www. ACCESS Asia’s Newspaper. com First online nat’l library for S&T unveiled The Department of Science and Technology (DOST-STII) has launched the S&T Academic and Research-Based Openly Operated Kiosk Stations or Starbooks, which is dubbed the first online national library for science and technology in the country.
Developed through the DOST’s Science and Technology Information Institute (STII), Starbooks is a stand alone, onsite research kiosk that provides free access on S&T information for academic and livelihood use. “Starbooks offers access to hundreds of thousands of book titles from the STII library alone,” said STII director Raymund Liboro. DOST-STII houses about 500,000 titles of journals/serial publications, reference materials, annual reports, theses and dissertations, technical and project reports, and directories, among others.
Starbooks will also provide S&T contents from the DOST SciNet and the Philippine eLib which is managed by the National Library. However, Starbooks differs from other library portals as it does not require Internet connectivity to deliver information to its users. The kiosk has a built-in server that provides instant access to S&T information. The information can be printed or saved using standard USB sticks. Meanwhile, Starbooks also contains various videos on DOST-developed technologies for entrepreneurs looking for potential science-based livelihood.
On its initial run, 171 technology videos have been uploaded in the kiosk through the different DOST agencies. The videos range from food processing to laundry soap making and other livelihood materials. Under the Starbooks project, DOST-STII will provide Starbooks kiosks to ten provincial libraries, plus three units of computers with touch screen monitors. STII will continuously build the Starbooks content to ensure that the information offered are rich and timely.
“We hope that every barangay in the country will adopt a Starbooks kiosk to make S&T information accessible to every Filipino. We expect that this project will spur a wave of S&T enthusiasts and entrepreneurs,” says Liboro. [JULY 06 2011 at 12:36am] DOST – STII http://www. NewsBytes. ph B. Studies 1. Foreign Studies (1989) determined the impact of computer assisted cataloging on the archival staff and their performance in the 21 Illinois community agencies identified as having computer assisted cataloging.
The focus of the study was on the volume of services, quality of catalog cards, and cataloging functions, attitudes toward the job, personnel changes, and environmental changes since the advent of computer-assisted cataloging. The major findings of the study are in two categories: duties and perceptions. The duties included increased interracial loan transactions, fewer workshops, and a decrease in turn-around time for cataloging and card production, a decrease in original cataloging, and a decrease in volume of services since the advent of computer assisted cataloging.
The perceptions included the cataloger’s feelings that computer assisted cataloging was an improvement over previous cataloging procedures and more positive than negative attitudes were expressed toward the job. The only environmental change consisted of the addition of furniture. Once, paper-based technologies ruled; to date, libraries actively promoted electronic information tools whether simply via online catalogues or through the more sophisticated CD-ROMs or international networks.
With these electronic information tools, archivists could choose whether they would subscribe to an expensive journal or provide access to it via the equivalent full text database online, or just possibly charge the requestor for the service.
http://ivythesis. typepad. com/term_paper_topics/2009/05/thesis-chapter-2-review-of-related-literature. html#ixzz1uVU6QbVh In autumn 2007, JISC and SCONUL jointly commissioned the Library Management Systems Study to undertake an evaluation and horizon scan of the library management and related systems landscape for UK Higher Education.
The LMS study was conducted by a consortium of Sero Consulting Ltd, Glenaffric Ltd and Ken Chad Consulting Ltd. This study help to evaluate the supply and demand sides of the Library Mangaement System. It also quantify systems market share, procurement patterns, costs, product differentiation and value. JISC & SCONUL Library Management Systems Study An Evaluation and horizon scan of the current library management systems and related systems landscape for UK higher education March 2008.
The aim of my thesis is to investigate three different reading projects, which have been set up to promote reading among school children in Zambia. I have used my field study together with some general observations to draw some lessons on the obstacles and challenges present in Zambia in relating literacy to culture among young people. In identifying these lessons, I have drawn on a theoretical framework which relates literacy to a cultural meaning system, addresses the importance of social interaction, as well as distinguishing between experienced and instrumental reading.
My methods have been observations and semi-structured interviews with organisers, teachers and students involved in the three projects. The interviews have been based on four research questions. These have been used to solicit the opinions about the reading projects, what challenges they have confronted, what the participating children actually read, and the views and attitudes towards reading as reflected within the projects. In my study I found that two of the projects had adopted an approach in which social interaction was an essential element to promote reading.
My study revealed that an instrumental attitude dominated towards reading, partly explained by what books were being supplied. I further concluded that one important obstacle for promoting literacy was related to the use of foreign language as an educational tool, and hence seen as providing a “social ladder”, as compared to the vernacular language. This study help the proponents to conduct a research strategies and techniquies in the conducting and developing the proposed system. Maria Ronnas; [2009-05-14T08:15:15Z] http://www.
essays. se/essay/e3bd8da2c5/ 2. Local Studies Library automation at DLSU-Manila had undergone a gradual but steady development. It started in 1985 when it implemented the MINISIS software/Hewlett Packard 3000 hardware package. The system was able to create 11,000 bibliographic records for Filipiniana and Reference collections. The massive hardware maintenance problem led to a management decision to phase out the system in 1988. At the later part of the same year MINISIS was replaced by its micro version known as CDS-ISIS.
The software with one stand-alone XT computer facility automated the indexing of articles from more than 100 locally published periodicals including newspapers, magazines, and journals. Additional databases were created as the number of computers increased. The index became searchable simultaneously by several users when the computer facilities were networked in 1992. In the same year the CD-ROM technology was introduced for information retrieval of selected indexes and abstracts. Perla T. Garcia, Director of DLSU Library (2004) states the reasons for changes: * Technical Development and Vendor Stability.
*Networking *Expansion of Databases “Despite the struggle the DLSU Library encountered in running the system during the first two years the circulation module was successfully implemented in February 1997. Toward the end of the decade the system was upgraded incorporating the suggestions made by the participating libraries. The new version was renamed T-Series which enhanced the loan process and improved the other information management functions of the earlier edition. ”
The upgraded version of the system has become an inevitable feature at DLSU Library http://www.oppapers. com/essays/Web-Based-Library-System/511828. The University of the Philippines (UP) Integrated Library System (iLib) Project started in Diliman in 2005 with the initiatives of faculty, librarians, and information professionals from the College of Engineering, Main Library, and the U. P. Computer Center. The project was originally under the Office of the Vice-Chancellor for Academic Affairs (OVCAA), with then Vice-Chancellor Dr. Amelia P. Guevara. When VC Guevara became Vice-President for Academic Affairs, the project expanded its scope to include the other six (6).
Constituent Universities (CUs) in its implementation. The project primarily aims to develop an integrated library system catered to the specific needs and requirements of the UP libraries. It also aims to save on licensing cost for purchasing proprietary software solutions by developing UPs own library system using Free Open Source Software (FOSS) tools and methodology to automate the major services of the library. http://library. uplb. edu. ph/iLib_Manual_OPAC. pdf IT advocates bat for e-library for schools.
Information technology advocates have urged the Commisson on Higher Eduction (CHED) to install electronic library (e-library) systems and boost electronic learning (e-learning) in the country. During the first national e-learning conference in education over the weekend, the promoters of information technology, led by the AMA Computer University, said that it is about time that the education sector adopt the latest technology in the educational system. Dr. Alain Azanza, senior vice president for academic affairs of the AMA Education System and president of the Philippines National E-Learning Association Inc.
, said that putting up an e-library is one of the many ways e-learning can be introduced in the country. “The Philippines is already lagging behind many of our neighboring countries. They had shifted to e-learning and they have been achieving a lot,” he said. According to Azanza, the CHED must amend its policy and allow schools to set up e-libraries, especially private educational facilities, which can afford to spend for e-learning. Azanza said at present, the CHED requires schools to put up a library with at least 5,000 books before they are allowed to operate.
While there is nothing wrong with this policy, Azanza he said the CHED must keep pace with the advancing global trends in online education. “With 5,000 books, students could only access information within the library,” Azanza pointed out. “With an e-library, research could be easier, faster and almost limitless. ” He added that an e-library may also be cheaper than maintaining a library with tangible books in the long run. “The information from the tangible books available in the library may become obsolete, let’s say in five years. Now, it can only be updated depending on the financial ability of the school and complete updating may even take some time,” Azanza asserted.
“With an e-library, there are thousands of sources of information which can be accessed faster by students all the time,” he added. The National Library has gone electronic and what the schools have to do is to connect or hook to the National Library system, Azanza said. However, he said that it needs a policy from the government to push and e-libraries in schools. “The problem is that CHED seemed not that interested. I don’t understand why it would rather stick to the traditional system even when schools are willing and able to venture into it,” Azanza said.
At this point, Azanza urged the government to support the promotion of e-learning in the country by backing infrastructure and training, and regulating bandwidth cost for academic purposes. Currently, Azanza said bandwidth cost ranges from P14,000 to P50,000 per school branch and telephone companies are dictating the price. The government, he said, should legislate a 75 percent discount for bandwidth usage in education facilities and for educational purposes. This way, he said, will increase the access of schools to e-learning facilities. “The CHED said the country lacks around 20,000 to 30,000 teachers today.
E-learning can make up for this lack and it may just be the solution to the problems in Philippine education,” Azanza said. E-learning is a new teaching environment that makes possible a 24/7, self-paced interactive learning mode, including online testing and evaluation of students. The AMA, which pioneered e-learning in the country, now offers 24 courses via the Internet with over 30,000 students connected to a single virtual classroom. The first national conference on e-learning in education was co-sponsored by the UP College of Science, Intel, PLDT and Mabuhay Satellite Corp.
[May 30, 2005 12:00 AM ] By Katherine Adraneda (The Philippine Star)http://www. NewsBytes. ph Synthesis of the Related Literature and Studies The proponents research and read some articles, studies and literatures that are related to the proposed system which may help the proponents to develop the said system. CHAPTER 3 METHODS AND PROCEDURES This chapter presents the description of the research method to be used, a description of the respondents, the instruments to be used, the procedures and statistical treatment utilized in analyzing the data that will be gathered. I.
Research Design This study will use the descriptive-normative-survey approach. The descriptive method involves the description, recording, analysis and interpretation of the prevailing conditions and the present nature of a certain group. It will include the following processes: induction, analysis, classification, enumeration, measurement and assessment of the data. Survey refers to the gathering of data regarding current conditions. Normative is used to ascertain the normal or typical condition. The survey will try to ascertain the effectiveness of the online library system.
Furthermore, the researcher will query the following respondents: the students, who will be the major recipients of this study, on the current state and the major problems associated with the present system of recording of borrowed and returned books. The procedure will include the general principles of gathering data and used published sources of statistics; sampling questionnaires; interviews; and content analysis of documentary and verbal material. The researcher will present the web based library system for kapitolyo high school. II. Population and Sampling | Population| Sample| Percentage|
First Year| 460| 92| 20%| Second Year| 460| 92| 20%| Third Year| 400| 80| 20%| Fourth Year| 400| 80| 20%| Total| 1220| 364| 20%| The student population of Kapitolyo High School in First Year Level with Fourty Six(46) students from each section and 10 sections. With the total of 460 population and then with the 20% of 460 is 92. We need atleast 92 CHAPTER 3 METHODS AND PROCEDURES This chapter presents the description of the research method to be used, a description of the respondents, the instruments to be used, the procedures and statistical treatment utilized in analyzing the data that will be gathered.
I. Research Design This study will use the descriptive-normative-survey approach. The descriptive method involves the description, recording, analysis and interpretation of the prevailing conditions and the present nature of a certain group. It will include the following processes: induction, analysis, classification, enumeration, measurement and assessment of the data. Survey refers to the gathering of data regarding current conditions. Normative is used to ascertain the normal or typical condition.
The survey will try to ascertain the effectiveness of the online library system. Furthermore, the researcher will query the following respondents: the students, who will be the major recipients of this study, on the current state and the major problems associated with the present system of recording of borrowed and returned books. The procedure will include the general principles of gathering data and used published sources of statistics; sampling questionnaires; interviews; and content analysis of documentary and verbal material.
The researcher will present the web based library system for kapitolyo high school. II. Population and Sampling | Population| Sample| Percentage| First Year| 460| 92| 20%| Second Year| 460| 92| 20%| Third Year| 400| 80| 20%| Fourth Year| 400| 80| 20%| Total| 1220| 364| 20%| The student population of Kapitolyo High School in First Year Level with Fourty Six(46) students from each section and 10 sections. With the total of 460 population and then with the 20% of 460 is 92. We need atleast 92 c. A month d. Never 2.