Leadership- Is a fluid and dynamic action, which listens and responds to the needs and demands of individuals and the organisation. It allows the team in turn to meet it is goals and objectives in an open and none oppressive manner.
Leadership has eight different styles: Autocratic, Democratic, Bureaucratic and Laisez- Faire, Transactional, Transformational, People Orientated, task orientated. The first one is Autocratic or Authoritarian leadership.
Authoritarian (Autocratic) leadership- Leader usually wishes to retain as much power as possible, maintains control over the decision making process.
Leader gives orders to employers, what they need to do. These leaders will be very successful, because they are powerful, threatening and dominant.
In Authoritarian leadership there is no form of consultation or negotiation, employers must obey orders without any explanation. They do not accept failure- so if you can’t do it, they will get someone who can. The best examples of Authoritarian Leaders is: Adolf Hitler, Jihadi John, Kim Jung Un.
Also oficers in army is very good example, because they are demanding and loud.
The negatives of Authoritarian leadership: Only effective as a short term method, leads to resentment by the team, leader will not trust his team members and he will be lonely.
Democratic leadership is very different from Authoritarian leadership. It promotes the sharing of responsibility as team members are encouraged to become part of the decision making process.
Leader seeks consultation on all major issues and decisions encouraging information flow between all of the team.
He effectively delegates tasks to team members and gives them full control and responsibility for those tasks. Discussion within the team allows the leader to draw on expertise and experience. Leader still has ownership of the final decision.
Leader welcomes feedback on the results of initiatives and the work environment. He encourages others to become leaders and be involved in leadership development.
This leadership has a lot of advantages: positive work environment, successful initiatives, creative thinking, job satisfaction, team members feel in control of their own destiny.
The best example for democratic leadership is police, expectally drug raid. They need to share ideas, how to enter the house, how to get the drugs. Also this kind of leadership can be used in fire service, when rescuing people in a burning building, the best way to deal with this problem is to decide the best decision with more than one people.
The bureaucratic leadership focuses on rules and procedures to manage teams and projects. This style is alliavieted between a number of departments or people where there is a strict set of rules. It’s used in uniformed and non-uniformed public service.
Bureaucracy is system of leadership where authority is diffused among a number of departments of individuals.
Leader ensures workers follow a strict set of rules and procedures accurately and consistently.
An example of Bureaucratic style of leadership would include fire fighers, police, armed forces and nursing.
Leaders allow their people to work on their own. Leader sets tasks and leaves workers up to their own devices to complete it. This type of leadership can also occur naturally, when managers don’t have enough control over their work and their people. Leaders delegate responsibility to NCO’s so they can learn how to lead and free up time for the leader to do other tasks.
Advantages: Freedom to do work and set own deadlines. Provide team support with resources and advice, if needed, but otherwise don’t get involved. Giving team members so much autonomy (independence) can lead to high job satisfaction and increased productivity.
Disadvantages: Damaging if team members don’t manage their time well. Or if they don’t have the knowledge, skills, or motivation to do their work effectively.
Isn’t good to use in un experience team.
Military officers frequently use this type of leadership to delegate jobs and teams to non- commissioned officers or sergeants.
Officers can also delegate tasks to subordinate experts, who know more about a particular job than the leader.
Example: Inspector, Fast track officer, police forencis.
A transformational leader has vision and strives to take his team to a higher level of performances and success. They are energetic and concentrate of building team bonds, motivating team as a whole and individual team members. They have clear vision of what they want. Leader seeks to make their team members better people by motivating and inspiring self-recognition.
Advantages: Team follow the leader, because of the energy, enthusiasm. Leader will care about team and work hard to motivate them, he will teach and coach them. He wants to team members to develop.
Disadvantages: The team may not share the same vision if not convinced by it. Too much enthusiasm from the leader can wear out the team. Followers need a strong sense of purpose to be motivated to act and carry out tasks.
An example for transformational leadership would be within the army when team needs to move forward ans be together as a team.
Leader has strong understanding how to do task, because they are experienced this sort of tasks. He seeks to inspire other by unlocking their potential spending time helping and guiding individual development.Their main task is to finish the task weather it is instructed or unstructed
Advantages: Leaders won’t have empathy, they will focus step by step by doing tasks.
Disadvantages: Team member more dominating than leader. Lack of motivating and retaining the team as a whole.
An example of Task orientated leadership is a police inspector organising crowd control at a football match.
Main concern maintains normal flow of daily duties and operations. This leadership exchanges rewards for performances but always have disciplinary threat.
Advantages: Actively monitors work on individual performances, motivated by being rewarded.
Disadvantages: Tend to be action oriented and focus on short term. Team members do exactly what leaders told and nothing more. Leader can manipulate and control others by using reward and punishments.
Transactional leadership is similar to Autocratic leadership.
Leaders is someone who focus on task at hand making. Totally engaged with team members. He is focuses on participation of all the team members, supporting, developing, improving individual team members skills.
Advantages: Leader participating directly with the team, have simple instructions, rolls are clean, organised. He is mentoring and coaching a team.
Disadvantages: Leaders sometimes doesn’t stand out as a real leaders. Little though for well being of the individual team members, they don’t like to break rules.