Leadership: Definition, Characteristics and Functions

Leadership is an important attribute of organizational behavior. Since the success of the organization depends on its leader and his professional skills, coupled with his social skills. Because it is the task of the leader to promote ideas or vision. However, an idea/vision cannot be promoted to the masses or encouraged employees to work with enthusiasm to achieve them if ideas are not conveyed in a way that attracts them. Thus, a brief definition of leadership is the ability to influence a person or group to achieve goals and maintaining enthusiasm for long-term goals.

“Management is about persuading people to do things they do not want to do, while leadership is about inspiring people to do things they never thought they could.” — Steve Jobs

There are four major factors in leadership such as followers, leader, communication and situation. It is the followers who determine how successful the leader is since the fulfillment of the tasks set by the leader depends on them.

For this, it is necessary to stimulate and support the enthusiasm of their followers, because if they are, they should be convinced of the importance of the tasks.(Cambridge, 2016) First, I will talk about achieving excellence in performance which includes strategy and direction, decision making and delivering results, and commitment. To achieve goals effectively, the leader must develop a strategy or choose the optimal direction of the organization or group for its further implementation. To do this, he must correctly create and transmit his vision to subordinates. To create a strategy, the leader identifies threats and opportunities and adapts the strategy to changing conditions, as well as defines a clear task and priorities.

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A leader is a person who, based on a strategy, must make decisions about what and how to do to achieve goals, and must show the desire to achieve results by correctly setting goals. Taking risks that may arise in connection with his decisions, as well as being able to effectively use financial and statistical data as logically and productively as possible. The leader must strive to achieve results and remember that he acts in the interests of the company and his team, and not in his own in other words show commitment. The second is managing in an environment of change which includes financial acumen, creativity, and innovation, risk, and opportunity. In his strategies and planning, the leader should rely on the knowledge, and especially knowledge of financial and economic processes to be able to make timely decisions with an understanding of their impact on the company. As a leader, it is important not to forget about a creative and innovative approach to solving problems and achieving goals. However, it is worth remembering that it is impossible to solve all problems in one way. This is the importance of innovation, having a lively mind and looking for new and creative solutions to problems. For me, this point can be briefly explained by the theremin of critical thinking. When a person weighs all the risks and opportunities, calculates the demand for minimizing failures and discarding his opinion, he relies mainly on the dry facts in building a strategy for an organization or team. The third is engaging and developing others consists of communication, influence, and negotiation, and valuing diversity. Expression of facts and ideas in a clear and concise form, it is important to communicate with the leader, using different approaches to subordinates to clearly convey the tasks set and the expectations of everyone, since it is very important to be able to clearly set even the most complex tasks, as well as understanding that the needs of people are changing. The leader’s task also includes resolving conflicts within as well as outside the company. He must effectively reconcile the diverging parties. The concept of leadership also includes the adoption of a variety of ideas, since one person does not have the opportunity to assess the situation of different angles, and the leader can use people with different views to achieve organizational goals. Fourth and the last attribute is engaging and developing others includes relationship building, teamwork, develop people, and mentorship. Building strong alliances is also an important attribute of leadership. Building business interpersonal and profitable company relationships, both internal and external, is an important task for the leader. Since this creates the necessary opportunities for the company. The task of the leader is to strengthen and inspire the confidence of his team. Therefore, he should be engaged in its support, in return receiving support and high productivity from the team. Leadership includes helping to develop oneself and others, as well as adopting constructive criticism and feedback in general to improve personal and organizational performance.

In conclusion, the definition of leadership is the ability to influence a person or group to achieve goals and maintaining enthusiasm for long-term goals. There are four major factors in leadership such as followers, leader, communication, and situation, and attributes can be defined in 4 groups such as achieving excellence in performance, managing in an environment of change, personal leadership, engaging and developing others. From which you can understand that a leader is a diverse person with a good set of knowledge, who knows how to communicate with people and correctly put himself in any situation, as well as unrequited critical thinking and able to use it in different situations to create a strategy for the company.

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Leadership: Definition, Characteristics and Functions. (2021, Mar 03). Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/leadership-definition-characteristics-and-functions-essay

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