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Bariatric surgery is a common surgery performed by obese people to find relief from excess body weight. This surgery is gaining immense popularity these days. Surprisingly, most people aren’t shying away from getting under the knife to get rid of the unwanted body fat. As a matter of fact, some individuals are compelled by the doctors to undergo obesity surgery. These cases are very rare, and it’s only recommended when an individual faces difficulty in breathing and suffers other problems due to extreme body weight.
Bariatric surgery is effective because it limits the amount of food people can eat. For morbidly obese individuals this surgery can be the answer. With excess weight, obese individuals can suffer from a multitude of other health problems.
Gastric bypass surgery essentially cuts the stomach into two separate stomachs, or pouches. A patient’s small intestines are also severed and reattached so they service each pouch. This effectively limits the amount of food that can be held in the stomach and digested.
Gastric bypass surgery can be conducted by one of the two ways mentioned below. The first method is called roux en y. This surgery constructs a pouch out of the stomach and attaches the small intestine to the pouch. Food thereby avoids the duodenum.
The second method is known as extensive gastric bypass surgery. In this surgery, the lower section of the stomach is cut and removed. The stomach that is left is attached to the small intestines. A patient who undergoes this type of surgery can have nutrient deficiencies.
Extensive gastric bypass surgery is not as common as roux en y.
Before turning to gastric bypass surgery as an answer to your obesity woes, you should know about the dangers associated with the surgery, and the after-effects. Anemia, metabolic bone disease and osteoporosis have all been linked to gastric bypass surgery. This is due to the fact that the smaller stomach has a reduced absorption of such essential vitamins and minerals including iron, vitamin B12 and calcium. Patients who undergo gastric bypass surgery are encouraged to take vitamin supplements, often for life. Regardless of the method of gastric bypass surgery you undertake, you will need to be under the close care of a physician and nutritionist. In addition to a special diet, medicines may be needed to combat side effects of the surgery such as fainting, nausea, diarrhea, sweating and general weakness.
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