Is Free Will an Illusion?
Is Free Will an Illusion?
Will Definition: Faculty to act and decide on its own will. Name given to the unwritten legal custom. Being alive at birth is free, you act, do and think what they want to enter the social world, to turn from the beginning are taught social norms and rules which he must abide by and promote to their peers, which are aimed to establish a clear distinction of what is good and bad within a given culture. But are we able to get to avoid any external impediment preventing some leeway? Or Is not free will the natural disposition of every man to do whatever he pleases?
We as living beings we are born and developed in conjunction with our neighbors, who also enjoy the same freedom as human beings have to act according to his own will, throughout his life, making it responsible for their actions , which in turn this fact is fundamental to understanding human freedom can not be unlimited, because the existence of free men as he stops them. It should also state that the cause is linked to survival, because if a man does what he wants regardless of which can affect another by their actions, you consent to such to do the same, and thus endangered also its very existence.
So Does the person’s free will is limited by similar or further conditioned by the law of causality? According to Arthur Schopenhauer distinguishes three different aspects of freedom, which are: physical freedom, intellectual freedom and moral freedom. The physical freedom is one that presents no impediment of any material for an act of will, it can offer only the ingenuity of common sense. Intellectual freedom, mediates between the will and motives, and moral freedom is free will without any conditioning force.
Every freedom has a unique process that depends on the individual characteristics of each person as much as his action in a particular act, then the man is solely responsible for their actions and can not impute the missing other foreign to him as it has the power to prevent it. As mentioned above, human actions are not developed by chance, or by external objects, nor are the product of fate, but are determined by need, which can be thought of as the need for moral freedom.
We as individuals in society are the authors of our actions and no one can be excused on the grounds, but we are responsible, the same responsibility is also what allows us to infer whether there is moral freedom, because freedom lies in the responsibility and man’s character is fixed and immutable. Finally, we should add that all human action therefore is the result of individual character and the reason and freedom is a fact of consciousness, the same will is free only outside the world of phenomena.
In conclusion we can mention that Yes is an illusion of free will, since it influences society and suppresses freedom of human action, to choose and decide what you want, turn the subject to be born in a given site , the individual must respect the laws, as to whether one belongs to a particular country is governed by laws established and approved by the people, otherwise, if you do not agree with the previously established laws will have to go to another nation to accept what he regarded as “correct.
” From the point of view of its potential, the man is free. It can act, do and think what they want, as it could get to avoid any external impediment that prevented it. Therefore, free will is the natural disposition of every man to do whatever he pleases. But man is not alone, but is surrounded by other beings who also enjoy the same freedom. This is fundamental to understand that human freedom can not be unlimited, because the existence of free men as he stops them.
The impediment is only a matter of survival, because if a man does what he wants regardless of which can affect another with their actions, are authorizing the other to do the same, and thus also its very existence is threatened. But the fact is that free will is not only limited by the other but is also conditioned by the law of causality. This law can not be ignored because it works inexorably. Every action has a consequence that does not necessarily manifest immediately but will take effect at some point, accentuated by the property that are related to acts combined together to form an even more complex.
The human condition is determined by free will. Free will is a property of the voluntary acts, not a “thing”, not a separate faculty, but a property of the will, or more accurately, of the voluntary acts, which is that they do not originate outside the subject make them, but they exist because the subject has put them, and nothing else. Thus, the subject is the author, and not just an actor of such acts. From the point of view of its potential, the man is free. It can act, do and think what they want, as it could get to avoid any external impediment that prevented it.
Therefore, free will is the natural disposition of every man to do whatever he pleases. But man is not alone, but is surrounded by other beings who also enjoy the same freedom. This is fundamental to understand that human freedom can not be unlimited, because the existence of free men as he stops them. Human freedom is never absolute. It is the freedom of a man who is in given circumstances, which, while making possible his behavior, the limits and conditions. Free will is the domain of their own actions. It is sometimes said that the will is indifference to the reasons.
Indifference means that the will is not needed for the reasons, ie they are not the determining action. But even so, this indifference is not the essence of freedom, but only the condition for that freedom exists. The true essence of freedom consists in the domain that will have on their own actions. The human being, from their freedom to decide, constantly aspires to get other forms of freedom that open new areas of choice and allow you to make decisions. And so, always with a view to achieving the ultimate freedom, personal fulfillment, but it can be understood in different ways.
If man has free will, is not responsible for their actions, and if is not responsible for their actions, morality and law do not mean anything. There is another important reason to limit our free will and the existence of an obvious body within ourselves that is consciousness. Consciousness is the alter ego, which collates, constantly questioning and dialogue with the outer self, or the social mask. Its existence is certain, for all without exception seem to be divided into two, being and nonbeing.
When there is no unity of opinion between these two instances of our psychic world, indecision is a conflict and not to leave the conflict is a neurosis. For this reason every man has to choose freely in every moment of his life, between being or not being himself, is an unavoidable choice, urgent, their condition and their tragedy to be faced sooner or later, and this choice is the one defined their destination. In our self we are free. And because we are, we need the knowledge and guidance, and certainly a spiritual and intellectual knowledge in the infinite horizon of being, can reach the truth and distinguish truth from falsehood.
That is why the freedom of the will or free will postulate spirituality as an essential condition of knowledge and, conversely: spiritual knowledge requires as essential correlate free will. When we asked where human self-realization is fulfilled, where fact and reaches its full valuation, which is certainly free will and action. The act of knowing itself by itself does not make any human ethical value. Even the highest metaphysical knowledge, ethical and religious, while still a mere theoretical knowledge is completely without value, is indifferent, but it is free and takes position statement.
The human personal spiritual self is only true free will and act. Hence, freedom means not only the ability to make an objective choice between this and that but a decision about myself and the possibilities of my own existence, layout and definition of myself. Both are performed in a dialectic: the decision about myself in front of the other decision, the definition of myself in the recruitment and conduct of another. Before delving further ask: “Are we really free in our willing and acting? What is freedom?
And for this we must begin by explaining the concept of freedom. We use the word in a multiple sense. We talk about freedom of speech, freedom of conscience and religion, freedom of speech and press, etc.. All this means that external borders do not become violent or thought, will and action of man. Human freedom requires then a space for self-definition and development. .. But all this still does not touch the essence of human freedom, which consists of an inner freedom, as in our will and action are not certain, even from within the self.
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 26 November 2016
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