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“It’s too hot” or “it’s too cold” are two statements that I bet everyone has said in his or her life more than once. We mainly blame Mother Nature for this because one day it would be raining then the next we would have a three-day heat wave. Mother Nature, also known as the weather, fluctuates all the time and it is mainly due to climate change. Climate change has intensified the weather throughout the millennium. It’s even affected some ancient civilizations
Major weather events such as heat waves, hurricanes, tornadoes etc.
are more extreme evidently due to climate change. “Earth’s temperature has gone up about one degree Fahrenheit in the last 100 years. This may not seem like much. But the small changes in Earth’s temperature can have a big effect,” stated by NASA. According to Carbon Brief, climate change makes extreme weather get incrementally higher each year. Also scientists discovered that 68 percent of cases studied are human-induced.
As I’ve previously stated that “small changes in Earth’s temperature can have a big effect” that is what happened in the summer of 2003 in Europe. A deadly heat wave killed more than 30,000 people (and of those people, 14,000 were the deaths in France). The temperature was around 99 degrees Fahrenheit and remained like that for more than a week. This heat wave declared that summer of ‘03 to be one of the hottest summers ever since the year of 1540. The likelihood of this heat wave being that disastrous was a 1 in 10 million chance; it however, quadrupled the chances due to the influence of human factors (Britannica 2011) and (Cutting, Chung, and Hassol, 2011).
Over the past 20 years, wind speeds have risen by 5 to 10 percent and at least 15 percent (1 percent of the winds are strong) for extreme winds all due to climate change (Cutting, Chung, and Hassol, 2011). “A storm with violent wind” is the definition of a hurricane. In late August of 2005, a storm with violent winds killed more than 1,800 lives. That hurricane is known as Hurricane Katrina. On August 25 it was issued as a category 1 hurricane and only two days later it was issued as a category 3 hurricane.. Ultimately it ended up being a category 5 hurricane with wind speeds of 174 miles per hour that last 8 days. It affected more than 15 areas, which damaged along the Gulf coast from central Florida to Texas (Britannica, 2018).
“The extreme weather events in recent years are not that unusual since they have occurred frequently throughout history and are not evidence of any imminent climate change.” To some people they believe in the previous statement, that extreme weather events are not that unusual anymore that it is simply just a part of life. 5 percent of studied weather events, scientist found that climate change had made the event less likely or severe (Pidlock and Pearce, 2017)
An event that caused the downfall of the Minoan civilization was a volcanic eruption. This happened to be one of the worst natural disasters of that time since the Ice Age. The Minoan civilization was located in a Mediterranean island known as the Crete. The Minoans traded with Greece, Syria, Egypt, Spain, and Mesopotamia which really benefited them. It helped them, build public building such as palaces and monuments. They were also one of the 1st civilizations to invent the plumbing system. A huge part of the Minoan culture was their belief in religion. That slowly went downhill through when they believed in their priests that they could control nature. This blind belief was debunked when the Minoans had many natural disasters such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis and strong winter storms. The Minoan civilization ended in 1450 B.C.E.
The Mycenaean civilization conquered the island of Crete right after the decline of the Minoans. The Mycenaean civilization lived during the Middle Bronze Age in 1500 to 1200 B.C.E. They were the 1st people to speak the Greek language. The Mycenaean civilization was very into art, they were into pottery, jars, vases and clay sculptures. They adopted the Minoan artistic styles. Their art basically centered around warfare and hunting. In 1200 B.C.E the civilization mysteriously collapsed possibly because of an earthquake, invasion or in-fighting. The Bronze Age soon became the Dark Ages after that.
On Wednesday March 18, 1925 was a day that killed 695 people and left 2,027 people injured due to a natural disaster. Illinois, Indiana, and Missouri were three states that were affected by this F5 tornado. This tornado is known as the Tri-State Tornado. This twister’s fastest speed was 73 miles per hour and lasted for three and a half hours. In that time it destroyed 15,000 homes across all three states. It is now considered the deadliest tornado in U.S history and the longest lasting tornado as of February 1, 2015 (“Tri State Tornado Facts and Information,” 2015). Even though this event happened a century ago, it still shows that natural disasters happened throughout history.
“A broad range of global phenomena created predominantly by burning fossil fuels, which add heat-trapping gases to Earth’s atmosphere. These phenomena include the increased temperature trends described by global warming, but also encompass changes such as sea level rise; ice mass loss in Greenland, Antarctica, the Arctic and mountain glaciers worldwide; shifts in flower/plant blooming; and extreme weather events.” stated by NASA. In conclusion, climate change is responsible for every extreme and catastrophic weather event that has happened but the answer of when is still unknown. My theory is that major weather events started being more extreme and frequent when the population started increasing. Climate change is human influenced and the population has grown by 1.1 percent which is roughly 85 million births a year. Even though I’ve stated that climate change is responsible for extreme weather events we however are responsible for climate change.
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