Irony Essay Examples


Anne Sexton’s Cinderella Story
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We have all read a fairytale at least once in our lives and the ending is always the same. There is always something bad that happens but, in the end, everyone lives happily ever after. In Anne Sexton’s poem “Cinderella” there is a twist, she adds her own tale and shakes up the original fairytale. Anne Sexton starts the poem by talking about the original fairy tales. After every fairy tale, she ends it by saying “that story” getting the…...
Irony In The Necklace And The Gift Of The Magi
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Most relationships are based solely on love, generosity, and being respectful. This was exactly the case with The Gift of the Magi, however, with The Necklace, it was a different story. Both stories consist of two couples who are both low to the middle class. The first couple, Jim and Della, Both come off as a loving, generous couple. Personalities can clash immensely, and that’s what happened with Mathilde and her husband, Monsieur Loisel. Both stories revolve around two married…...
Oedipus Rex: Dramatic Irony in Greek Tragedy
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Dramatic irony is when the audience knows something that the characters don’t. This adds suspense for the audience because they know what is going to happen to the character, but they can’t stop it. Dramatic irony is used in the play Oedipus Rex to give a greater dramatic effect. Specific instances of irony have effects on the audience and are significant to the overall meaning of the play. The play starts with Oedipus fleeing his home after hearing a prophecy…...
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Dramatic Irony in Hitler’s First Photograph by Wislawa Szymborska
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The poem “Hitler’s First Photograph”, written by Wislawa Szymborska, portrays Hitler as an ordinary and innocent child with infinite opportunities presented to him as he grows. The poem is about the childhood of Germany’s dictator. Hitler conquered many countries, committed genocide, and slaughtered millions of innocent people. The poem, however, chooses to explore Hitler’s childhood, that he was not born evil. This perspective is not usually considered and therefore Szymborska employs dramatic irony to get the readers to consider her…...
The Irony Of Saboteur
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Reading `` Saboteur '' was truly dry for me because I grew up in this sort of controlled topographic point, and I could truly associate to these feelings that Mr. Chiu had. In Poland, until I was approximately 10 old ages old we were under the control of communist Russia. I remember that the authorities required every individual to hold their permission to acquire nutrient. They did non allow us utilize money ; we had to use for particular verifiers…...
Dramatic Irony In The Crucible
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Miller also employs a fairly generous helping of dramatic irony, for example, when the audience knows that Proctor has admitted to lechery, but Elizabeth doesn't. This creates frustration, helplessness and disappointment in the audience, which, on the contrary, makes the play more enjoyable and memorable, because the audience is drawn into the action. Another possible instance of dramatic irony is the setting of the play: we are told at the start of the play that we are "in the spring…...
The Irony and Puns in the Changeling Reveal
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"The Irony and Puns in the Changeling Reveal the Characters actions are prompted by an Individual Sexual Drive though they are often unconscious of the fact . "- How far do you agree with this Review? Throughout 'The Changeling' Middleton and Rowley create characters that are driven by calculated sexual desire. Having no outlet for their passion causes our protagonists to unconsciously shift their frustration in the direction which may, to be euphemistic, provide relief. There is a duplicity to…...
Irony in “Pride and Prejudice”
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Jane Austen initially worried that Pride and Prejudice was a work "rather too light, and bright, and sparkling" to justify its moral themes - yet it is for its dazzling ironic wit that the novel is prized today. The multi-faceted device of irony is deftly manipulated by Austen: first the mischievous narrator, who finds "great enjoyment in occasionally professing opinions which, in fact, are not [her] own," then the "explorer of incongruities", (Mudrick) exposing the absurdities of character, and finally…...
Essay about Dramatic Irony
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Dramatic irony is an underlying key to creating effective tension in a play. In this case, the audience will have had to be extremely observant to notice that Betty was never actually in a trance, and so it may be that she was awake for the entire conversation concerning Abigail and John's previous affair. This technique is very effective at creating tension as it brings the audience closer to the characters. The sudden 'entrance' of Betty when she wakes up…...
Cleanth Brooks’s Essay Irony as a Principle of Structure
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cultural and critical theory library Open source archive of ebooks, texts, videos, documentary films and podcasts Pages * Home * List of major critical theorists * What is Critical theory ? * What is Frankfurt School ? * Support Critical Theory Library * Contact This Blog This Blog   |  | ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Bottom of Form Home » texts » History & Class Consciousness: Preface by Georg Lukacs (1923) Thursday, February 3, 2011 History & Class Consciousness: Preface by Georg…...
Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions
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Satire: It is a literary device. The use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity. Rancho(Amir Khan) gives his class fellows two words and says to them that you have 30 seconds to define these words. And if you like you can use your textbooks. Whoever finds the answers, raise your hand let's see who's first and who's last. The time starts and everyone get into a race. After 30 seconds past Rancho says time…...
The Irony in Kate Chopin’s The Story of an Hour”
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The Irony in Kate Chopin's "The Story of an Hour In the short story 'the story of an hour' Kate Chopin's uses situational, verbal and dramatic irony to explain Louise Mallard's true feelings when she heard about her husband's death. Dramatic irony is when an audience watching a play understands what's going on in a situation while the characters are unaware of what is happening (Oxford), Situational irony involves a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite…...
Unfolded Parable In Dawn Dumont “The Way Of The Sword”
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"The way of the Sword" is a short story about some serious issues like bullying and stereotyping in which, Dawn Dumont, the author, appears to be straightforward, and tells the story of a younger girl named Dawn and how a comic book character-Canon extremely beloved by her and how she relates him like his mentor in every situation of her life. (Dawn, 14-15). The reason, she highly admired Conan because his story reflects the story of native people. Dawn Dumont's…...
Dramatic Irony to Build the Character of Macbeth
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Macbeth, there’s a passage in which the King is speaking with Banquo and Macbeth. They are in the King’s palace, commenting about Macbeth becoming Thane of Cawdor. One of the literary resources that Shakespeare constantly uses is irony. In this case, he uses dramatic irony, in which the audience is aware of a situation that the other characters are not familiar with. In this specific circumstance, he uses the irony to build up the character of Macbeth, to let the…...
Why has Priestley used dramatic irony in Mr Birling’s speech?
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Dramatic irony is when the audience knows about certain events that the character in the play doesn’t know about. In an inspector calls Mr Birling is introduced and makes claims such as “The titanic…unsinkable , absolutely unsinkable” and “I say there isn’t a chance of war” . The audience of the time would be extremely outraged at Mr Birling’s ignorance and form a hatred for him . This was Priestley’s intention. The audience of 1945 may have lost a family…...
Romeo and Juliet: Dramatic Irony Use
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Romeo and Juliet has always been known as one of Shakespeare's most popular and tragic love story plays. It is known for its dramatic ending love scene and tale of twisted fate. This essay is based upon the pathos of the last scene of Romeo and Juliet. Pathos is a quality that arouses emotions such as pity, sympathy or despair. This is therefore why the essay is based upon the last scene as it is the most tragic and dramatic…...
The Irony in the Poem Ozymandias
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In Percy Bysshe Shelley’s poem Ozymandias, there is an overriding irony presented to show the difference between the sculptor and the sculpture of the pharaoh Ramesses the Great. Ozymandias was actually another name for the pharaoh, who ruled over the nineteenth dynasty of ancient Egypt. Shelley’s poem showed the mockery which seem to be evident with the sculptor creating a very similar image of the pharaoh.             The irony in the poem can be seen in line 8, about “the…...
Irony in the Scarlet Letter
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"Irony regards every simple truth as a challenge. " When reading a story, the events that have already presented themselves, lead a person to perceive what is going to happen, but when that person encounter an unexpected event, as commonly experienced through irony, it changes what the person perceives is going to happen. The Scarlet Letter exemplifies this use of irony to challenge truth. Hawthorne provides details about a specific character, but then creates an event which stands in contrast…...
Irony in Brave New World
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A society in the future can be very distinctive apart from a society in the modern day. Brave New World, written by Aldous Huxley, is a novel in regards to a utopian society. It takes place in the future where all is advanced and people are no longer born. Instead, reproductive technology is developed and futurology is emphasized. The majority of the population is divided into classes and no one is able to think for themselves. The novel is ironic…...
The Destructors by Graham Greene
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The Destructors, authored by Graham Greene, conveys the concept that people have the instinctive capability to damage, and make a regret option, between what they think in what is right from incorrect. The Destructors is to show how clear the characters and their actions are forecasted and assisted by the subtle message of paradox. The central theme of this narrative is of a group of teens who call themselves the 'Wormsley Common Gang'. The gang of misfits live by their…...
Just Do It
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Sharad Haksar’s Just Do It is part of his very moving series of pictures he calls “Brand Irony. ” This series portrays ironic juxtapositions of world-renowned brands combined with interesting visuals. In this specific picture, Haskar shows Nike’s famous Swoosh accompanied by its “Just Do It” slogan on a wall acting as an advertisement somewhere in India. On the wall next to the ad, a young boy is urinating as a little dog looks on. At first a feeling of…...
Irony in Good Country People
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Many authors use irony in their story for different reasons. In the story “Good Country People,” by Flannery O’Connor irony is shown throughout the story. Irony is shown in the characters names, Hugla thinking that she is going to change Manley Pointer view of life, and the incorrect usage of the bible in the story. The author used irony to add a twist to the story and to reinforce the theme that not everything is as it initially appears. Mrs.…...
Situational Irony
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Many times authors use irony to prove a point. There are three types of irony: dramatic, verbal, and situational. Situational irony is present in “The Sniper”, “The Most Dangerous Game”, “Gift of the Magi”, and “The Necklace” to help create the theme in the stories. In the story The Sniper situational irony plays a major part in the story.”The lust of battle died in him. He became bitten by remorse” (O’Flanerty). This shows situational irony because he was ready to…...
Irony in the Short Stories
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In the short story, the possibility of evil uses dramatic irony throughout the segment. This story elaborates on how there is certainly no place on earth that evil has not entered. In every day of our life, just like the story, evil is ruled by our actions and it is concluded otherwise by others. The reader meets Miss Strangeworth who is a sweet kind old lady that smiles to everyone in town during the day and starts a conversation. She…...
How does Moliere use irony as a tool of satire in Tartuffe?
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Satire is defined in the Merriam-Webster Dictionary as a “literary work holding up human vices and follies to ridicule or scorn. ” Aside from this definition, satire can also be described as a particular literary way to possibly improve humanity and the society. In Tartuffe, Moliere censures and ridicules the human behavior and features, though Moliere did these to develop his characters’ faults rather than destroying them. In a particular scene on the play, Moliere uses irony to satirize the…...
Sophocles’ Antigone: Situational Irony in Scene Three
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In an argument between King Creon and his son Haimon, the author reveals that with power, pride and refusal of corrections start to develop. In the Greek play Antigone, Sophocles creates a story about an arrogant, power-hungry king. In doing so, he reveals the consequences of being a dictator, rather than being a noble ruler —an issue that can be found in many countries since many governments today abuse their power. Through the use of symbolism and motifs, Sophocles created…...
The Black Cat by Edgar Allan Poe – Suspense, Irony, Symbolism
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Nathaniel Hawthorne once said, “Words-so innocent and powerless as they are, as standing in a dictionary, how potent for good and evil they become in the hands of one who knows how to combine them.” Edgar Allan Poe is one of the many few that has a very effective style of writing. By using various effects in his short stories, he draws his audience in and grabs their attention from the very beginning. Due to his unique system of writing,…...
Art and Irony
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Dreams are the paints of a great artist, and the world is their canvas. Artists are able to produce beautiful art pieces using their ideas and imaginations. Through art, we are able to communicate stories of tragedy, peace, hardship, and ease. In many ways, visual art and written stories can be compared to one another. Like a frame to a picture, the techniques in a short story help keep the story together. As for the elements they can be seen…...
Irony In “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson
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In “The Lottery”, Shirley Jackson uses foreshadowing, symbolism, and irony throughout her story to show that death is imminent in the end. Not only do time and place bear important clues as to the allegorical meaning of “The Lottery” but the very names of the characters are laden with significance. What is more, it will be shown what an important role these literary devices play in this short story, enriching the meaning, transforming the cruel act of stoning, and the…...
Irony in Nadine Gordimer’s “Once upon a time”
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Once Upon a Social Issue Fairy tales have always been told to us as children; whether to comfort or entertain us, they always seem to be a part of everyone’s childhood. “Once Upon A Time”, the title is a characteristic of a fairy tale, but she leads the story to an ending that is anything other than “happily ever after” (Gordimer 12). Although Nadine Gordimer’s title is typical in a fairy tale in the story “One upon a time”, the…...
Irony in Antigone: King Creon
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In the tragedy Antigone, Sophocles pens a tale about a stalwart and distrustful king, Creon, and his misuse of the power he possesses. In the play he disregards the law of the gods to fit his whims, something that the heroine of the play, Antigone, wholeheartedly disagrees with; she disobeys his order to leave her dead brother, Polynices, unburied and sentences herself to death in the process. Antigone is engaged to Creon’s son, Haemon, who does not agree with his…...
Irony In Nathan The Wise
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Nathan the Wise is a call for reexamination among those who consider themselves as having the monopoly on truth while the rest of the world are supposedly living their lives based on false creeds. The misunderstanding among peoples or nations is rooted in this perception. Gotthold Lessing’s play sought to highlight the innate prejudices of his characters’ religious affiliations and subsequently provided a pithy reminder in the form of an irony. “Ah! Indeed you do not know how closer I…...
Irony in Jack London’s To Build a Fire
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People travel into the wild prepared to face the worst; they do not want to encounter a deadly situation. The man in Jack London’s “To Build a Fire” went into the cold prepared for nothing, he felt that he was above nature and it could not affect him. Chris McCandless in Jon Krakauer’s “Into The Wild” went into the wild unprepared for the conditions he was about to face. As a person who read the writings of Jack London, his…...
Irony in Macbeth
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Remarkable Paradox is the outcome of information being shown the audience but withheld from one or more of the characters. Example: In Act 1 Scene 4, line 50, the witches hail Macbeth, "thane of Cawdor!" Significant paradox: At this point, Macbeth is uninformed that the king has conferred this honor upon him since of his valor in fight, so he associates his fortune to the witches' prediction. Nevertheless, the audience knows Duncan made the pronouncement in Act 1, Scene 3.…...
Dramatic irony
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(Act 3, scene 3, line 135):" I think thou dost; and for I thou 'rt full of love and honesty..." •This is ironic because Othello thinks Iago is a honest man when in reality Iago is scheming against him Foreshadowing Act 3, scene 3, line 100- 103):" Excellent wretch! Perdition catch my soul..." •This line foreshadows bad events that will happen if Othello falls out of love with Desdemona. Symbol: Handkerchief:symbolizes Desdemona and Othello's bond and marriage and once it is…...
Elements Of Irony In Native Son
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Elements of Irony in Native Son Native Son paints a disturbing, harsh picture of life within the "Black Belt" of Chicago in the 1940s. Wright uses irony; sometimes subtly and at other times obviously to shape the view of the reader and as a foreshadowing mechanism. From our initial scene to Bigger's death, the technique of irony employed by Wright is effective, and devastating. Our initial symbol which foreshadows the fate of our protagonist is the "huge black rat" (5).…...
Foreshadowing and Dramatic Irony in Death and the Maiden
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Foreshadowing is the warning or the indication that something else is going to happen later on in the story. In Death and the Maiden, Ariel Dorfman uses this literary device to the maximum, exploring all the different ways he can make the reader predict or foresee what’s going to happen next. However, Dorfman also takes on the audience’s ideas and implements dramatic irony, giving the plot a twist of events and making the audience question themselves and their own theories…...
Foreshadowing and irony in “Story of an Hour”
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Throughout the story “Story of an Hour” there are a few subtle instances of foreshadowing and irony. These instances explain the some of the scenes throughout the story. The opening sentence foreshadows Mrs. Mallard’s death at the end of the story as it explains how serious Mrs. Mallard’s heart trouble really was, as great care was taken to break the news of her husband’s death. The irony that is of Mrs. Mallard’s death upon finding out her husband did not…...
Irony and Foreshadowing in Poe’s Short Stories
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In Poe’s short stories, he uses literary devices like irony and foreshadowing to increase reader interest in his stories. Irony and Foreshadowing helps to create suspense, anxiety, and humor in his works. They also help to capture the audience’s attention and draw them into the story. Poe’s irony and foreshadowing are integrated in “The Cask of Amontillado” and “The Fall of the House of Usher”. “The Cask of the Amontillado” is one of the best examples of irony and foreshadowing…...
Princess de Cleves , Tartuffe, Nathan the Wise: a study of Irony
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In Princess de cleves which is believed to be written by Madam La Fayette irony has been used to describe the heroine who is torn between her duty and love. While her heart is passionate about her lover, her sense of duty towards her husband and above all the societal norms forbade her to do so. In the very first scene the writer describes about the splendor and magnificence of the court of Henry II ,it is inhabited by beautiful…...
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FAQ about Irony

Why has Priestley used dramatic irony in Mr Birling’s speech?

...Taking all the previous points into consideration , I believe Eva Smith was exploited by 3 main characters which are Shelia, Eric and Mr Birling. They exploited her as Mr Birling has more power and money than her.. This made her extremely vulnerable....

How does Moliere use irony as a tool of satire in Tartuffe?

...Believing that only the two of them was in the house, Tartuffe asked Elmire to be his “pupil” and he will teach him on how to conquer hesitation. Through this scene, the audience yet again witnesses the hypocrisy of Tartuffe. Through the use of d...
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