Introduction and its Background Essay

Custom Student Mr. Teacher ENG 1001-04 5 May 2016

Introduction and its Background

People change, and it’s a fact. New cultures, traditions, and attitudes are introduced with the birth of a new generation. Our grandparents and young kids today are very different as compared to the old people and their children couple of years ago, and even more if we will look back as far as centuries before us. No one can stop these changes.

We are lucky that we have a lot of medium for communications that will help us break the barriers that divide the generations, and open our minds in the culture that was born together with the kids today. We have the mass media which is accessible by almost, if not everyone. Some TV shows have very scientific approach when it comes to Social Science such as those featured in National Geographic Channel and Discovery Channel. But some use unconventional style that collaborate learning and entertainment. These TV programs include such show as “Pinoy Big Brother”.

In this show, they tried to create a contained environment, surrounded by CCTVs to monitor the people living inside the Big Brother House. It’s a melting pot for different people who came from different areas with different personalities, watched not only by the whole country but by most Filipinos and even some foreigners, accessible anywhere in the world. Here, contestants/participants stay like “Lab-rats” for 90 days with a very limited contact with what they can consider as the outside world. They do tasks from the host – “Kuya”, and is rewarded, sometimes penalized for everything they’ll do inside the facility. It’s a reality show that corporate entertainment, behavioral science, real life drama, and competition.

Values portrayed on reality television programs are viewed by millions of people all around the world. One of the biggest audiences watching is children. As shown in this research paper watching this sort of program can be damaging to children. Children who consistently spend more than four hours a day watching TV are more likely to be overweight. Kids who view violent acts are more likely to show aggressive behavior but also fear that the world is a scary place and that something bad will happen to them. Also TV characters often depict risky behaviors, such as smoking and drinking, reinforcing gender-role and racial stereotypes (Gavin, 2008). If used right television can have an educational value but too much television portraying improper values can harm children (American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2001). Lost in Transition: The Dark Side of Emerging Adulthood (Oxford University Press, 2011) by Christian Smith with Kari Christoffersen, Hilary Davidson and Patricia Snell Herzog Adding to the contributions made by Soul Searching and Souls in Transition–two books which transformed our understanding of the religious lives of young Americans–Christian Smith and associates offer a new portrait of today’s emerging adults in Lost in Transition. Life for emerging adults is vastly different today than it was for their counterparts even a generation ago. Young people are waiting longer to marry, to have children, and to choose a career direction.

As a result, they enjoy more freedom, opportunities, and personal growth than ever before. But the transition to adulthood is also more complex, disjointed, and confusing. In Lost in Transition, Christian Smith and his collaborators draw on 230 in-depth interviews with a broad cross-section of emerging adults (ages 18-23) to investigate the difficulties young people face today, the underlying causes of those difficulties, and the consequences both for individuals and for American society as a whole. Rampant consumer capitalism, ongoing failures in education, hyper-individualism, postmodernist moral relativism, and other aspects of American culture are all contributing to the chaotic terrain that emerging adults must cross. Smith identifies five major problems facing very many young people today: confused moral reasoning, routine intoxication, materialistic life goals, regrettable sexual experiences, and disengagement from civic and political life.

The trouble does not lie only with the emerging adults or their poor individual decisions but has much deeper roots in mainstream American culture–a culture which emerging adults have largely inherited rather than created. Older adults, Smith argues, must recognize that much of the responsibility for the pain and confusion young people face lies with them. Rejecting both sky-is-falling alarmism on the one hand and complacent disregard on the other, Smith suggests the need for what he calls “realistic concern”–and a reconsideration of our cultural priorities and practices–that will help emerging adults more skillfully engage the unique challenges they face. Even-handed, engagingly written, and based on comprehensive research, Lost in Transition brings much needed attention to the darker side of the transition to adulthood. REVIEWS

“Lost in Transition is a groundbreaking, compelling, and deeply necessary look at the challenges facing young people today. Not content to believe tired cliches about the enthusiasm of youth, Christian Smith and colleagues conducted one of the most comprehensive studies of today’s emerging adults. The results, based on both quantitative analysis and detailed qualitative interviews, are shocking, revealing widespread moral relativism and precious little civic engagement. Lost in Transition takes a fair, clear-eyed look at this group, unafraid to reveal the serious problems facing young adults.

We ignore these challenges at our peril. Lost in Transition is a must-read for parents and educators interested in understanding today’s generation. A courageous, nuanced, deep-dive look at today’s youth.”—Jean Twenge, author of Generation Me: Why Today’s Young Americans Are More Confident, Assertive, Entitled–and More Miserable Than Ever Before “A balanced and thoroughly-researched examination of the dark side of emerging adulthood. Lost in Transition is public sociology at its finest, and deserves careful reading by anyone who seeks to understand emerging adults in America.”—Tim Clydesdale, author of The First Year Out: Understanding American Teens after High School “Emerging adulthood is not always a period of ‘glory days,’ when young people savor the freedom and fun of their youth. With this book, Smith and his colleagues illuminate the darker side of the years from the late teens through the early twenties.

Through their adept use of rich, in-depth interviews with 18-23-year-olds, they show the many ways emerging adults struggle to find a meaningful place in the world. Crucially, their insights provide a convincing argument that the difficulties of emerging adults arise not from any inherent features of the age period, and still less from any moral failures on their part, but from the what their society provides null and fails to provide null as resources of meaning for them in their journey to adulthood. This book is essential reading for anyone who wishes to understand young Americans and help them thrive.”–Jeffrey Jensen Arnett, author of Emerging Adulthood: The Winding Road from the Late Teens Through the Twenties

Lost in Transition: The Dark Side of Emerging Adulthood by Christian Smith with Kari Christoffersen, Hilary Davidson and Patricia Snell Herzog, published in hardcover by Oxford University Press 2011 ($27.95 | 296 pages |
ISBN13: 9780199828029).

Skews our Perception of Reality
Ask reality TV fans if they think reality shows are real and you’ll likely hear, “Of course not.” Yet they’ll see real people doing real things that were caught on camera and also say, “You can’t make that up.” What these viewers forget is the “real people” were cast for their roles, their lines often scripted, and “incidents edited, decontextualized, and re-organized, ignoring the original chronology of events and put together in a way that tells the particular story the [producers] want to tell, a story that may be quite different from how it was experienced by the people on the show,” says Rachel

E. Dubrofsky, assistant professor of communication at the University of South Florida and author of The Surveillance of Women on Reality Television: Watching The Bachelor and The Bachelorette. This kind of manipulative editing is known as frankenbiting, explains Jennifer L. Pozner, author of Reality Bites Back: The Troubling Truth About Guilty Pleasure TV and executive director of Women In Media & News. “Producers shoot 100 percent of the time with thousands of cameras but only use less than 1 percent of what they’ve shot, highly editing that footage,” she says. “You can make someone look any way you want.” Or as Jeff Bartsch, a freelance reality-show editor, put it when talking with Time magazine, “You can really take something black and make it white.”

The reality television shows and their effects on society
Posted in TV
Are you fond of watching TV? Are you a fanatic of the new shows or the traditional ones? With so many new shows on TV these days, do you stay longer in front of the TV now than before? Are you one of those avid viewers who anticipate and just can’t wait for the next episode? Which shows do you patronize? Well nowadays, most young viewers prefer to watch and enjoy reality TV shows.

Different viewers have different reasons why they do so, and there lies the underlying effects of watching such. Watching these shows has effects on the viewers and the society in general. It may be positive to some audiences, but it also affects negatively to many, depending on how one views and takes the essence of the show. Let’s discuss these reality television shows and their effects on society. First, a reality show stars a non-celebrity or a volunteer who wants to participate in the program, and the core role is to see what their reactions in certain scenarios are, and how they face given situations. In some ways, this gives the audience a connection with the show’s stars as they feel that they are “real and normal” people representing them. This is why the reality shows are hitting big time in the TV scenes because the audience empathizes with the show’s stars.

Unfortunately, this is also why reality shows have a negative impact on the audience — because they tend to think, act, and feel, like the show’s stars, and in the process lose their own sense of critical thinking and “real” emotions towards certain situations. Reality television shows and their effects on society are also dependent on the viewer’s desires and motives, they see themselves in these stars and somehow these stars are living their lives through the show. Each reality show portrays and fulfills certain desires – like power or influence, travel and living, survival and outwitting, beauty and satisfaction, revenge and honor, etc.

The viewing audience doesn’t realize that these reality television shows and their effects on society are reflected on how people compromise their well-being and self-worth. This observation may not seem likely but studies show that it has distorted one’s views on the “real” reality. More people enjoy a certain sense of pleasure and satisfaction when they watch these reality television shows and their effects on society are continuously mirrored in the way they interact with others, deal various situations, and face certain challenges.

One must be keen in absorbing the messages of these shows and one must remember that each individual handle scenarios, problems, dilemmas, differently. What makes it worse than the way it affects people now, is that viewers get entertained by the sadness, depression, frustration, and emptiness that reality stars feel and experience in the show. It’s time to get real when you watch these reality TV shows. Negative Effects of Reality TV

Reality TV (which is in itself an oxymoron, isn’t it?) is becoming increasingly popular. One only has to watch some of these shows to see the obvious: they’re mostly featuring (and therefore promoting) the basest of human behaviors. It isn’t REALITY. These shows are set up and choreographed to make us think they represent a true sampling of people going about their “real” lives and then they go on to show us how depraved and dysfunctional reality is. But that is not MY reality. Is it yours? What are the negative effects of reality TV? This article explores it further. “Big Brother” TV Phenomenon – Lowering Society’s Values

The so-called television reality shows such as “Big Brother” are catering to those in our society who prefer to “dumb-down” their intelligence. And just look at the size of the audience that programs like this command. This is actually very good news for those of us who detest trash like this. Why? With so many people committing themselves to this farcical nonsense it leaves a relatively small percentage who prefer to do something to improve their knowledge and intelligence. While all the others are absorbed in the pathetic, crude and oftentimes vulgar behavior served up to us by the television moguls as “entertainment,” those of us who refuse to be duped can be doing so many other worthwhile things, such as: reading a book

watching an educational program like a documentar
writing a letter or an article
studying for exams
engaging in meaningful conversation
visiting a relative or friend
seeking information on the internet The effects of reality TV
By: Darien Watkins

The first effect of reality TV deals with the age group of the most likely viewers, teenagers. Already with self-esteem and acceptance issues, adolescent youth that frequently watch television shows that use hired actors, most of which are models, and then advertise as being ‘reality’, most likely will have the delusion that their appearance should mirror the people they see on the shows. Like with magazines and tabloids that historically have caused harmful health trends in teenagers such as anorexia and bulimia, reality TV fosters facades that are readily accepted by our youth.

Next, I point to the ‘couch potato’ syndrome. I mean seriously, watching ‘reality’ on television is fundamentally absurd. If I’m not mistaken, we live in ‘reality’, so why would you need to watch it on television? The only difference is that the people in reality TV have everything financially challenged kids do not have, and nothing that they do. What happened to wanting to be like Michael Jordan, or Tony Hawk, or play in a band like Guns ‘n Roses? The hypnotic aura to television is beginning to hit a maximum, with our nations youth being the victims.

There are statistical highs in obesity and depression, leading to violence, in the past decade, along with increased divisions in ‘social crowds’ where kids who do not seem to ‘fit in’, are out-casted. And lastly, moving away from the topic of our youth, which is a topic most important to our future as a nation, we analyze the effects of reality TV on adults and the general public. What happened to game shows, and family sitcoms, both of which are educational and express family and life values that American families hold dear? How can we advance as a culture after watching shows like ‘the real world’, and the ‘flava of love’? If anything, shows such as this strengthen stereotypes breeding increased racism, sexism, and even ‘class-ism’. After watching the evolution of television shows in the US, I would have to say that we have actually socially regressed, with shows such as ‘Cheers’ and ‘Seinfeld’ being relics of the past. After reading this, you probably think that I absolutely despise reality TV. And you are completely correct.


Here are some of the significant terms which appear in our research. Attitude. A settled way of thinking or feeling, typically reflected in a person’s behavior. CCTV. Closed-circuit television is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors. Critics. A person who expresses an unfavorable opinion of something. Culture.the quality in a person or society that arises from a concernfor what is regarded as excellent in arts, letters, manners, scholarly pursuits, etc. Effect. A change that is a result or consequence of an action or other cause. Entertainment .

The action of providing or being provided with amusement or enjoyment. Generation. the term of years, roughly 30 among human beings,accepted as the average period between the birth ofparents and the birth of their offspring Pinoy Big Brother. It is aired on ABS-CBN and its international affiliate, The Filipino Channel in various territories. The uncut 24/7 version of the series can also be seen on the internet through streaming video on TFC now.

Portray. Depict someone or something in a work of art or literature. Reality television. is a television programming that presents purportedly unscripted melodramatic or “humorous” situations, documents actual events, and usually features ordinary people instead of professional actors, sometimes in a contest or other situation where a prize is awarded. Television. A system for transmitting visual images and sound that are reproduced on screens. Youth. The period between childhood and adult age.

Chapter III
Research Design and Methodology

Research Method
Data and information were gathered via survey questionnaires and interview. It is the most common way of getting information according to the alumni. We consider the money, allotted time and the way in which our chosen respondents will answer our questionnaires. Teenagers these days find answering surveys boring, some will answer, some will not, many will answer but won’t even read the questions and many won’t care so we gave our respondents a short encouraging talk for them to answer our questionnaires seriously. We decided to conduct survey on papers because it is an efficient way to know our respondents’ views and opinions. And to save time in distributing the research instrument, we gave it by class.

Research Design
This study entitled “A Research about Reality Shows Concerning the Youth through PBB Teen Edition 2012” is an observational research design where in the researcher cannot control the situation. We have survey papers containing questions that would explain how the reality TV show affects the thoughts of its viewers and the hypothesis we structured is different from what we observed. We had collect several information and can generalize the results to real life situations.

Respondents of the Study
The respondents of the study include the 3rd year High School students of San Guillermo Academy because they are in the adolescent age. At their age they can easily give opinion about our topic because they can relate. And base on our observation, the 3rd year high school were the most updated batch in the PBB Teen Edition 2012 among the other year levels.

Research Instrument

All of our respondents watched the PBB Teen Edition 2012. And based on the data gathered through the surveys we have conducted, more than half of our respondents’ thoughts were affected by the show, many were affected on the aspect of relationship with boyfriends/girlfriends, some were on the aspect of friendship and a few on the aspect of family relationship. There is a question in our questionnaire asking whether they have learned something from the show or not and most of them said no. Some people noticed that the teens nowadays are already liberated and most of our respondents agreed with that and more than half of them said that it is normal for teens to act that way.

Many of our respondents answered yes to our question if it is fine to imitate the actions of the housemates but majority of them said no. We gave our respondents choices of reasons why they watched the show and most of them were because their siblings were watching the show, many were because of commercials and some were influenced by friends. A few of our respondents watched the show because they were really interested. We asked them that if ever there will be another episode of PBB Teen Edition 2012, will they still watch it and most of them said yes.

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

“…Kabataang Pinoy, kayang-kaya mo! Pag-asa ka ng buong mundo…”
This verse is an excerpt from the official soundtrack of the Pinoy Big Brother Teen Edition 2012 in which our research is all about. From this verse, it is said that the youth is the hope of the world, probably taken from the famous words of Dr. Jose Rizal. But in the recent edition of the Pinoy Big Brother, it is noticeable that their actions or behavior shown inside the house does not fit the song’s message.

Because of that, we conducted a research to know the show’s effect on the thoughts of the viewers and what the show proved about the youth of today. We also wanted to know why they watched the show. First, we identified the problem and what we wanted to know. We searched for literatures and studies related to our topic and then we conducted surveys and interviews. In conducting our survey, we organized it well. And it was successful, we gathered all the things needed, and make time for it. Some of the questionnaires are failed and rejected, but we didn’t lose hope, but we find ways because, as they say “Kung ayaw may dahilan, kung gusto palaging mayrong paraan” so we gave the questionnaires again and it became successful.

We evaluated the data gathered. Those information collected helped us answer our problems. In our research, we shared opinions, reactions and conclusions. Because we, as a youth of this generation, we can relate and we want others, not just us, to be aware about the changes on the youth’s attitudes. In giving our conclusion and recommendation, of course, we based it on the date we gathered and we are not the only one who thinks that the latest edition of the Pinoy Big Brother showed the world that the youths of today are doubtedly the hope of the nation. Conclusion

Our problems were clearly answered through our questionnaires. The first question “Why did many Filipino, mostly the teenagers watched the PBB Teen Edition 2012?” According to the survey we conducted, most of them watched the show because their siblings were watching it followed by being encouraged by commercials then because they are interested and lastly, through the influence of friends. The answers on this question served as the guide for us to know if the teens were really interested to watch people which represents the youth of today- them.

The answers of our respondents on question no. 3 and 4 in our questionnaire states that the viewers’ perception about some aspects before watching the show were changed especially on the aspect of relationship with opposite sex, relationship with friends comes after that and a few of them were affected in the aspect of relationship with family members which gave a clear answer on our second problem “Does PBB teen edition affected the thoughts of its viewer?”. And our last question, the main question for our topic is “What does the PBB Teens 2012 proved about the character of the new Filipino youth?” According to our respondents, most of them did not learn anything positive from the show,70% of them agreed with the critics saying that the teens nowadays are liberated, and they also answered that the traits emphasized at the show were the bad ones and it simply proved that the new Filipino youth are doubtedly the hope of our nation.

We also asked our respondents if they think it is normal for the teens to act that way and most of them said yes. They’re thoughts were affected, they know that the housemates emphasized their bad traits on the show, they said the the teens nowadays are liberated yet they think that it is normal for those things to happen. As we said, awareness is a step for development. It is like a scientific problem, you have to identify the problem first. Our research shows them the problem because for them it is fine for teens to act this way, that there is nothing wrong about it, that everything is doing perfectly. teens of today live and the viewers have seen it but most of them think that it is normal and that’s how life really is.

For our respondents and their parents, we would like to recommend them to avoid or lessen the time they spend watching the show. The respondents shall not imitate the actions displayed on the show. It is not prohibited to watch the show, but we should take our responsibility seriously. If we are civilized persons, nothing in life can be influenced by any kind of show or advertisement. The respondents shall prioritize their studies than watching such shows that needs parental guidance. Through our study, we would like the youth of today to be aware of their acts, not just the youth but also their parents.

We would like the youth to realize that it is not right to go with the changes of the society, the unacceptable changes. We would like the youth to develop their lifestyle. The parents should also be aware of the indifferent acts of their children compared to their generation and make an act to make difference on the children’s attitude. If we, the youth, could only realize how good would it be if we live like the generations before, there will be a great improvement in the world if the youth will live and act properly.




“A Research about Reality Shows Concerning the Youth through PBB Teen Edition 2012”

1. Did you watch the Pinoy Big Brother 2012?
2. Which trait of the teens were emphasized at the show?
Good Traits
Bad Traits
3. Does the show affected you thoughts about the youth of today? Yes
4. If yes, in what aspect?
5. Did you learn something from the show?
6. Do you agree with the critics saying that the teens nowadays are liberated? Yes
7. Do you think it’s normal for teens to act that way?
8. Why did you watch the PBB Teen Edition 2012?
Encouraged by commercials
Influenced by friends
Because my siblings are watching it
Because I’m interested
Others (please specify)______________
9. Do you think it’s fine for us to imitate their actions? Yes
10. If ever there will be another edition of PBB Teens, will you watch it? Yes

Curriculum Vitae
Name: Zaren Morel Barba
Age: 15 ½
Birthday: January 9, 1997
Address: CM Recto Street Talisay, Batangas
Email Add: [email protected]
Gender: Female
Contact Number:
Father: Rommel P. Barba
Mother: Nancy L. Barba
Ambition: To be a doctor
Motto: “Anything in excess is poisonous”
Educational Background
Elementary: San Guillermo Academy
Secondary: San Guillermo Academy


Curriculum Vitae

Name: Chrizzabel A. Artuz
Age: 16
Birthday: September 13, 1996
Address: Mabini St. Talisay, Batangas
Email Add: [email protected]
Gender: Female
Contact Number: 09109497743
Father: Christopher A. Artuz
Mother: Charibel B. Artuz
Ambition: To be a movie writer
Motto: “My life is a vector, it has direction.”
Educational Background
Elementary: Venancio Trinidad Sr. Memorial School
Secondary: san Guillermo Academy


Curriculum Vitae

Name: Janine D. Auxilio
Age: 15
Birthday: January 03, 1997
Address: Leynes, Talisay, Batangas
Email Add: [email protected]
Gender: Female
Contact Number: 09473757676
Father: Ronaldo Auxilio
Mother: Perpetua Auxilio
Ambition: Chef
Motto: Always chase the dreams, never the competition.
Educational Background
Elementary: Caloocan Elementary School
Secondary: San Guillermo Academy


Curriculum Vitae

Name: Gillian M. Albay
Age: 16
Birthday: September 24, 1996
Address: Buco, Talisay, Batangas
Email Add: [email protected]
Gender: Female
Contact Number: 09494796442
Father: Gilbert M. Albay
Mother: Maria Leah M. Albay
Ambition: To be a lawyer
Motto: “Never underestimate a girl.”
Educational Background
Elementary: San Guillermo Academy
Secondary: San Guillermo Academy


Curriculum Vitae

Name: Gloann Mae Villanueva
Age: 15
Birthday: January 06, 1997
Address: Sampaloc, Talisay, Batangas
Email Add: [email protected]
Gender: Female
Contact Number:
Father: Anselmo A. Villanueva
Mother: Gloria R. Villanueva
Ambition: To be an engineer
Motto: Nothing is impossible
Educational Background
Elementary: Jorge B. Vargas Elementary School
Secondary: San Guillermo Academy


Curriculum Vitae

Name: Ronald Rey M. Sandoval
Age: 16
Birthday: September 18, 1996

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