Have you ever been to a retail store and picked up a candle and was outraged by the price? I know I have. The fact is candles are very expensive and according to James Tarmy candles can run you anywhere from $9.00 all the way up to $800.00. That is a pretty penny for anyone to spend on just one candle. So today I am going to teach you my fellow class mates how to make your own candles that will compare to store bought and only cost a fraction of the price. Making homemade candles can be a great experience and is fun to do. We are going to talk about the materials needed, and the steps we will take. So with that being said let’s take a look at the materials needed to make our candles. To get started we are going to gather all of the materials we will need first. For this particular project we’re going to make 10 Votive Candles so we need 10 votive molds, 10 wick pins, pillar wax, some coloring, fragrance, melting/pouring pot, and saucepan to make double boiler, thermometer, cooking spray, and a scale. After we gather our supplies, we need to figure out about how much wax is needed for the project.
According to candle science we would need to take the size of the container that our candle will go in. The size of the container is about 3.2 oz., we then multiply that, by the amount of candles we will be making which will be 10. That gives us a total of 32 we will then divide 32 by 16oz which is 2 pound of wax. That total will be the amount of wax needed for our project. So we will need Approximately Two pounds of wax. Now that we know what materials is needed, let’s move on to the steps we need to take to make our candles. First place all 10 votive molds on counter, and then set the wick pins into each of the candle molds so they can be ready for later. We then want to prepare our double boiler, so Place a medium sized pot onto the stove. Fill the pot with about one inch of water, then place the pouring pitcher into the pot with the wax already in it. Now we heat the wax until it is completely liquid and looks like water. Sometimes it helps speed up the process if you stir along the way, but it can take 1-2 hours for the wax to completely melt, depending on how much wax you’re using.
So feel free to do something else while you’re waiting, just keep an eye on it so it doesn’t boil over. I also like to adjust the temperature along the way to keep the water hot, but not boiling just to prevent it from boiling over the pot. When the wax is entirely melted and is only liquid, we can continue on to the next step. In this next step we will add color to our wax, for this project I am using purple and only putting 3 drops in 2 lbs. of wax because I want to get a lighter purple color. Next step is to add the fragrance, According to TINA BENITEZ-EVES “This new year we will see a darker, more dramatic interpretation of the rose and other classic florals.” So I decided to go along with a spring theme scent, and chose a rose oil. Depending on how strong you want your candle to be, will determine how many drops of oil to add.
Since we are making 10 votive candles I am going to add 10 drops of rose oil. Next we want to finish preparing our molds for the wax, this is where our cooking spray comes to play, simply spray the molds and move on to the next step. We will now cool the wax slightly, since each type of candle has a different ideal pouring temperature. For votive, 175°F is ideal. Take the melting pot out of the pot with water and set it on a stove burner that isn’t on. Just let it sit there to cool. Put your thermometer on the side of the pouring pot, when the wax is around 175°F then it is ready to pour. Pour the wax all the way to the top of the mold until it is just at the top, be sure to keep wick pin centered when pouring.
Because the wax will concave naturally, it is necessary to heat up the remaining wax and pour over the candles once mostly dry in order to make the tops as flat as possible. After the candle has completely hardened, you can remove it from the mold. Be patient and careful while doing this for the best results in the end. Turn the mold upside down and tap the bottom of the mold to release the candle. The funnest part of candle making! Enjoy your candle and learn from the experience. If you plan to make candles often, then keep a log of your candle making recipes to find the perfect blend. Now you can make candles every season and it’ll save you a lot of money in the long run as well.
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 20 September 2016
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