Infection Essay Topics

Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs)

BACKGROUND Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are bacterial infections acquired during a patient’s stay in a healthcare institution.  It imposes a huge burden on healthcare institutions, costing billions of dollars for additional care costs as well as a significant fraction of lost lives (Houghton, 2006).  Current estimates depict that approximately 2 million patients acquire healthcare-associated infections (HAIs)… View Article

The HIV Epidemic

The HIV epidemic is one of the most severe public health hazards in Sub- Sahara Africa. The spread of HIV/AIDS in Ghana is alarming and of great concern to the government. The main factor of the spread of the disease has been accounted to the culture of heterosexuality. Another factor of spreading the disease is… View Article

Tuberculosis Occupational Exposure

1. INTRODUCTION Tuberculosis or TB that stands for tubercle bacillus is a deadly disease quite common worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, the year 2005 reported 8.8 million new cases of TB, predominantly in Asian countries like Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan and the Philippines. [Media Releases, 2007] It is projected that 20 -30%… View Article

Leslie’s Notes

1.Why is information about a patient’s lifestyle and about possible environmental exposures important when investigating an outbreak? A patient’s lifestyle can tell what kind of environment they are in which then tells us what kind of diseases they are exposed to and are at risk of catching. Certain diseases are very contagious and some remain… View Article

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly report

According to the report of CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly report, in the year 2007 , there were 17,883 cases of food borne infections. A number of cases were seen for salmonella with an approximate incidence rate of 14. 92 per 100,000 people. The common infection found was campylobacter with an incidence rate of 12…. View Article

Virology Case

What ways do viral illnesses spread and How can we protect ourselves from these illnesses Have you ever got coughed on and then the next day you are at home in your bed resting because you got sick. Well, everyone probably knows what I am talking about and got sick this way at least once… View Article

Avian Flu: Influenza a Virus

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) awarded H5N1 vaccine contracts to Aventis Pasteur (now Sanofi Pasteur) of Swiftwater, Pennsylvania, and to Chiron Corporation of Emeryville, California. All known viruses that cause influenza in birds belong to the species influenza A virus. Adaptation is not exclusive. Being adapted towards a particular species does… View Article

Journal Teratogen

1. Which teratogen did you choose and why? The teratogen I choose to do this assignment on is Cytomegalovirus (CMV). The reason why I choose this teratogen is because I wanted to learn more about it and how to prevent this infectious disease. I am aware it is closely related to Herpes. I want to… View Article

Qualitative Research and Respondents

1.1. Introduction Leptospirosis is one of the deadliest bacterial infection that I commonly acquired in tropical countries. you can get the disease when you were exposed to soils and waters that is contaminated by leptospira bacteria. Rodents such as rats are the primary carriers of the leptospirosis bacteria. It is important to identify the signs… View Article

Infection Control

Infection control is covered under Regulation 12 of the Health and Social Care Act 2008(Regulated Activities) Regulations 2010. It states that: (1) The registered person must, so far as reasonably practicable, ensure that— (a) service users; (b) persons employed for the purpose of the carrying on of the regulated activity; and (c) others who may… View Article

Pathogen Scanner

Hog raising is a very popular enterprise in the Philippines such that there is a proliferation of backyard producers, which dominates the swine industry and a healthy viable commercial sector. Despite the crises facing the swine industry, still many people are venturing in this enterprise. Piggeries are type of factory farm specialized for raising of… View Article

Physical Assessment

EYES: Patient denies any problems associated with vision, does not wear any form of corrective lenses but does not remember her last vision test. Patient denies any pain, redness/swelling, watering/discharge, or allergies that affect her eyes. No history of trauma or surgery associated with eyes, no history of glaucoma. Patient is a student nurse and… View Article

Hospital Acquired Infections

The State of Illinois has several guidelines and activities in place as techniques to prevent nosocomial infections. In Illinois, Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC), is charged with providing advice and guidance to the Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services; the Director, CDC and the Director of the National Center for Emerging and… View Article

Nosocomial Staph Infection

Staphylococcal infections are communicable conditions caused by specific bacteria. Infections from Staphlococcus frequently cause the formation of abscesses. Staph is the leading cause of nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections in the United States. Staph exists on the skin and/or in the nostrils of 20-30% of healthy people. It is also sometimes found in the breast tissue, the… View Article

Tuberculosis: Infectious Disease and Tb Patients

Tuberculosis is a common, and in many cases lethal, infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria, usually Mycobacteria tuberculosis. One third of the world’s population is thought to have been infected with M. tuberculosis with new infections occurring at a rate of about one per second. In 2007, there were an estimated 13.7 million… View Article

Halloween Night to Prom Night

Hepatitis A is inflammation (irritation and swelling) of the liver from the hepatitis A virus. See also: * Hepatitis * Hepatitis A vaccine * Hepatitis B * Hepatitis C Causes, incidence, and risk factors The hepatitis A virus is found mostly in the stools and blood of an infected person about 15 – 45 days… View Article

Aboriginal Quality of Life in Canada

The state of health and health care for Canadian Aboriginal people is currently not improving, “Canadian Aboriginals tend to bear a disproportionate burden of illness; an outcome linked to their economic and social conditions [and] oppression” (Newbold 1998). European contact would forever change the course of life for the Aboriginals and their communities in Canada…. View Article

Evidence Informed Decision Making Report

Introduction This paper will discuss wound care, the effectiveness of saline versus water when cleaning wounds, and the experience of patients undergoing long term wound care. The purpose of this report is to demonstrate understanding of evidence informed decision making, researchable questions, searching the available evidence and research designs. Background Webster’s Dictionary by Guralnik (1970)… View Article

Infection Control

1.1 and 1.2 Bacteria – are micro-organisms that consist of only one cell. Bacteria multiply by splitting themselves in two, which is called a binary fission. Because of this they can increase in number rapidly. The majority are harmless, but some can be pathogenic which results in bacterial infection occuring. Bacterial infections can be treated… View Article

The Beautiful World of Pus

I am willing to admit the initial sight of thick, yellowish green drainage weeping from reddened, inflamed tissue is not a thing of beauty to the untrained eye, but have you ever stopped to consider the wonder and intrigue of Pus? Our bodies have abundant surface area that, if compromised, can expose us to morbidity… View Article

Communicable Disease

A communicable disease is a bacteria or virus that can is transferred from person to person, or from animals or the physical environment to individuals by a variety of ways. For example air and water, to contaminated articles or fomites, insect and animal bites (Reigelman, p. 210, 2011). The spreading of a communicable disease is… View Article

Leptospirosis Intro

Leptospirosis is an infectious disease caused by a type of bacteria called a spirochete. Leptospirosis can be transmitted by many animals such as rats, skunks, opossums, raccoons, foxes, and other vermin. It is transmitted though contact with infected soil or water. The soil or water is contaminated with the waste products of an infected animal…. View Article

Safeguarding Children and Young People

1. Complete the following table. (Ref. 2.1, 2.2) Common childhood illnesses Signs and symptoms Ear infections, the child may pull or rub their ear, and may have a temperature. If the child is well but just has an earache, they can take paracetamol or ibuprofen for 12-24 hours . you should never put any oils… View Article

So many careers to choose from

If I had to pick it would be a dentist. Without a dentist people’s mouths would be dirty and yellow. I would like to be a dentist because without dentists you will get mouth and body diseases, without dentists your mouth bacteria may become too powerful, and dentists clean your teeth Without dentists you will… View Article


A clinical condition caused by fungal infection of the skin in humans¹; but all domestic animals are susceptible.³ Dermatophytosis can be found in dogs (most often puppies), cats, cattle, sheep (common in show lambs), goats, horses, swine, rodents, rabbits (most often in young , newly weaned animals), and birds. The condition is caused by fungi… View Article

Prevention of Cauti

Prevention of Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI) CAUTIs are the most commonly reported HAI in the US. Although morbidity and mortality from CAUTI is considered to be relatively low compared to other HAIs, the high prevalence of urinary catheter use leads to a large cumulative burden of infections with resulting infectious complications and deaths… View Article


More commonly known as whooping cough, Pertussis is a contagious infection of the respiratory tract caused by the bacteria Bordatella Pertussis. Thick mucus accumulates in the airways, provoking heavy coughing spells. Pertussis can be spread via droplet. The infected person may sneeze or cough and the tiny germ droplets may be inhaled by any bystander…. View Article

Principles of infection prevention and control

The Public Health (Control of Diseases) Act 1984. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Regulations 1992, Controlled Waste Regulations 1992, Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999, The Food Safety Act 1990 and also the Food Safety Act (General Food Hygiene) Regulations 1995. The Public Health (Control of Diseases) Act 1984 states that doctors in… View Article

America’s Greatest Fear

The Ebola virus was discovered in the late 1970s by the international community as the causative agent of major outbreaks of hemorrhagic fever in Africa’s Sudan and Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Sudan (Vasilyevich IV, et al. 2005). Immediately, the International scientific teams moved in to deal with these highly virulent epidemics where… View Article

Using chlorhexidine-alcohol (CHG) before surgery

A1. Procedure The preoperative procedure of using with chlorhexidine-alcohol (CHG) before surgery has been proven to be more effective to reduce the number of surgical site infections (SSI) than the use of povidone iodine. By reducing the number of infections post surgery, it can lower patient morbidity and can reduce hospital stay time and eliminate… View Article