Importance Of Mass Media Essay Examples

Essays on Importance Of Mass Media

Ever since the introduction of mass media through print
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  John Sinclair notes that the Frankfurt School first brought to surface the ideological critique "that the media, taken together, form an institution within capitalism which serves to reconcile the exploited class to its fate. "12 In laymen terms, this theory claimed that the media was disguising reality from the working class with misleading media content which made them believe that their place in a capitalist world was desirable and inescapable13. Modern day citizens would perhaps believe that this Marxist…...
Importance Of Mass MediaPhilosophyPrint Media And Electronic Media
The history of the mass media
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In a world where the media is apparent in every corner of our live, where the average adult watches over 4 hours of television per day (Stip - 1997: 1), is bombarded by up to 3000 adverts daily (Twitchell 1996: 3), regularly reads either tabloid or broadsheet newspapers, a variety of magazines, and listens to the radio and browses the internet, it is not surprising that some social scientists such as those of the Frankfurt School theorise that the media…...
HistoryImportance Of Mass MediaPhilosophy
‘the Mass Media Encourage People to Think About Themselves All the Time.’ to What Extent Is This True
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Mass media refers collectively to all media technologies, including the Internet, television, newspapers, and radio, which are used for mass communications, and to the organizations which control these technologies. The main companies own integrated telecommunications, wireless phones, video games softwares, electronic media, the music industry and more. Hence, the mass media is mostly controlled by them. When we argue that the mass media encourage people to think about themselves all the time, what does it actually mean?From an ordinary individual’s…...
CourageImportance Of Mass MediaInfluence Of Mass MediaMass CommunicationMediaPeople
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Agenda-Setting Theory in Mass Media
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  In 1963, Bernard Cohen took a look at foreign policy and the mass media in his book, The Press and Mass Media. Cohen contended that the media "may not be successful much of the time telling people what to think, but is stunningly successful in telling its readers what to think about. And it follows from this that the world looks different to people, depending on not only personal interest, but also on the map that is drawn for…...
Importance Of Mass Media
Mass media culture are passive cultural
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In the last century television, film and video came to dominate the mass mediated world and increasingly continues to do so today with an abundance of entertainment being brought into the homes of millions of people globally provided by the culture industry. A popular and traditional view of mass media audiences sees them as passive 'culture dopes', a phrase used by Stuart Hall (Notes on Deconstructing 'the Popular' 1981) describing the audience as passive consumers of whatever media is placed…...
CultureImportance Of Mass MediaMedia And CulturePhilosophy
The Importance of Tennis for the Mass Media
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This is a lot of money for the sponsors to part with but in the long run they are the ones who will come out being the richer party as the more they get advertised the more the get noticed by the general public. Michael Owen is another example of a player that has a lot of individual sponsorship deals. He is sponsored by such companies as Walkers and Pepsi. He also has his own line of watches: Most companies who want…...
Importance Of Mass MediaTennis
Mass media is incredibly persuasive in our society and it consumes
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Mass media is incredibly persuasive in our society and it consumes our everyday lives due to its constant and availability. It is arguably the most powerful source of information in this day and age as it bombards our society with images of good versus bad, desirable versus undesirable and what is acceptable versus unacceptable. These types of conversation are evident and distressing in the media's deep-seated racial bias in its portrayal of darker skin tone.In this next section of the…...
Effects Of Media On SocietyImportance Of Mass Media
Ethical Problems in Mass Media
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Virtuous decisions of photographers Publishing photographs that show personal tragedy and are questionable in their moral standards with those concerning privacy and those about inflicting additional harm on victims can be supported by Aristotle's Virtue Ethics. This should be supported because, as a news organization, photographing what is seen shows the magnitude of the situation and documents as it happened. The publication of graphic material such as was seen in the Bakersfield Californian. Photographer John Harte snapped eight frames after…...
CrimeEthicsImportance Of Mass MediaJuryPhilosophyUtilitarianism
How Did Mass Media Influence Adolescents and Children in the Last Ten Years?
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TV Media’s Influence on Child Development http://www. cleancutmedia. com/tv-shows/tv-medias-influence-on-child-development “Several risks to pediatric health are literally staring children in the face. It’s time to call the doctor. ” Want to share this old, but great article from the Harvard Medical Alumni Bulletin. Very interesting points about how media cuts into many issues such as obesity, eating disorders, attention disorders, violence, sex, and drug use and how Medical Professionals need to deeply consider how much media has an influence on the…...
AdolescenceAggressionChildChildrenImportance Of Mass MediaInfluence Of Mass Media
Assess the postmodernist views of the mass media
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PM argue mass media are central to the PM theory, as the decline of traditional communities, time-space compression and flexible production – all derived through the media. PM argue the global society is media-saturated, making it harder to distinguish between reality and hyper-reality, and making culture fragmented and unstable. PM challenge viewing audience as passive and easily manipulated, as they use media images to construct individual identities. The major criticism of PM is that their argument is based on abstract…...
CultureImportance Of Mass MediaPhilosophyPopular Culture
The current trends in mass media
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Media for the people. Mass media is an ever changing entity, as we have observed over the past years. It has been very useful and has played a big role in the formation and extraction of the people’s opinion; it is also a way to reflect their ideas of many relevant issues. It has been a bridge to communicate with the people around the world, introducing new things to new people. Thru the years, mass media has seen great changes,…...
Importance Of Mass MediaInformationInternet
Mass Media and Younger Generation
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The media can definitely change your perception of intimacy, as well as alter your ability to be intimate. As the media displays false images of the human body and makes false descriptions of what humans desire sexually. There are too many subjects and issues to go on about here, but a small example of the two issues i mentioned before are in magazines the pictures of the models are airbrushed to display, what most call a "flawless" body and in…...
Importance Of Mass MediaMedia
Television and Mass Media
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In today’s world, the mass media including TV, radio and newspaper have great influence in shaping people’s ideas. As such, I totally agree that the mass media have great influence in shaping people’s ideas. From the mass media, people can get the latest news very fast. Firstly, mass media is necessary for everyone in daily life. They will get any information and news from these mass media such as TV. Just by staying at home watching TV, people can know…...
CommunicationImportance Of Mass MediaNewsNewspaperTelevision
The Role and Influence of Mass Media
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Mass media has the capability to influence people to think based on the media concepts that have been presented to them. In thousands of images that people see on media sources everyday, the strong recall of each image leave marks on the minds of the viewers or readers which often lead to the conclusion that mass media is the influential and powerful tool to deliver messages to the mainstream. From entertainment to business purposes, media plays a very important role…...
Importance Of Mass MediaInfluence Of Mass MediaMass CommunicationMedia And CultureMedia Today
Should the Mass Media Always Tell the Truth
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Theodore Roosevelt once commented on the mass media and journalism specifically – “The power of the journalist is great, but he is neither respected nor admired for it, unless it is used right.” The former president of the United States aptly summed up what the mass media should aim to do: to tell the truth and not abuse their power of massive influence. However, the recent spate of terrorist events tailored for the media seems to propose that the media…...
Importance Of Mass MediaJournalismMediaTerrorismTheodore RooseveltTruth
The Mass Media and Cultural Influence
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The mass media’s influence upon popular culture is undeniable. This connection hearkens all the way back to the 16th century in Europe and early efforts to provide news to the public. That developed into the advent of large scale news reporting with the beginning of bias and slant toward media opinion – opinion that would quickly become popular opinion. This has only become more pervasive as media outlets and genres have grown. Many of these have now gone through a…...
Importance Of Mass MediaInfluence Of Mass Media
Books are Mass Media
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In the aspect of communication, there are many elements and factors commonly considered in the pursuit of achieving effectiveness in this field. Among the different concerns are the two main elements namely the medium to be as the vehicle of the communication and the target audience to which the idea aimed to have an impact upon. Considering these two factors is important to achieve the desired effectiveness in the communication field particularly as required by the significance of the information…...
BooksImportance Of Mass Media
The Effects of Mass Media on Youths
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The concept of adolescence was presented near the end of the nineteenth century and characteristics were attributed to male youths where the adolescents were depicted as "passive and vulnerable". This label, or stereotype, has greatly changed. Nowadays, young boys face varying forms of stereotypes that lead to judgments that were unimaginable in the past century. The mass media has greatly influenced these stereotypes, so it has contributed to creating an increasingly judgmental society, which forces young boys to adapt in…...
Importance Of Mass MediaMedia
Mass Media in Great Britain
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The media play a central role in Britain's daily life, informing and educating, questioning and challenging - and of course - entertaining. In recent years the availability of more radio frequencies, together with satellite, cable and microwave transmissions, has already made a greater number of local, national and international services possible. The transition from analogue to digital transmission technology is now expanding this capacity enormously. The Internet is providing, increasingly, an additional medium for information, entertainment and communication. Television and…...
BritainImportance Of Mass MediaMediaRadio In EnglishTelevision
Effects of Mass Media Worksheet
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What were the major developments in the evolution of mass media during the 20th century?| The major developments in the evolution of mass media during the 20th century included the radio, television, and communication gadgetry, such as personal computers, cable TV, DVDs, DVRs, direct broadcast satellites, fax machines, cell phones, smartphones, and PDAs.For a large part of the 20th century, televisions and radios where stationary devices. More recently, devices such as, laptops, ipads, and smartphones allow people to view magazine…...
Importance Of Mass MediaInternetMediaSocial MediaTelevision
Freedom of Speach in Mass Media
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Introduction Mass media are means of communications (as newspapers, radio, or television) that is designed to reach the mass of the people1. Besides playing the role to inform individual with news, the media together with a sound legal system and an independent judiciary is part of a triumvirate that is essential for a well-functioning democracy2. In a democratic system of government, mass media is performing a number of essential functions. First, they serve on information or surveillance function. Second, they…...
FreedomImportance Of Mass MediaPolicyPolitics
Advantages of mass media
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Mass media refers collectively to all the media technologies that are intended to reach a large audience via mass communication. There are various forms of mass media such as radio, television, movies, magazines, newspapers and the World Wide Web. Mass Media enjoys a very prominent role in our lives and thus, it is believed to influence our society. There are positive and negative effects of mass media on our society. This essay will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of mass…...
HealthImportance Of Mass MediaMass Communication
Mass Media
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Just fifty years ago, it would have been unimaginable the wealth of shared knowledge and experiences that modern technology has made possible. For all of its beauty and brilliance in constant conflict with its wicked ugliness, the mass media that has flourished from this technological boom reflects life in its most honest form. It is as difficult to shield young people from the influences of mass media as it is impossible to shield them from the realities of life. No…...
Importance Of Mass Media
Functionalist, Conflict, and Interaction Perspectives on Mass Media
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It is hard to imagine that just one theoretical view can make clear the many ways that individuals relate with media and technology. Technology covers a wide range from simplistic to complicate. Media is everywhere we look and on every gadget we own. This paper will take a look at mass media from the functionalist, conflict, and interaction perspectives. You can look at a variety of theories and you will find studies and scholars that agree and those who disagree.…...
ConflictHuman NatureImportance Of Mass MediaMedia And TechnologyPhilosophySociology
Mass Society Theories, Social Responsibilty Theory and the Media
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The first half of the twentieth century played a vital role in the state of the present media. The century commenced with the influx of new forms of media as modernization uncontrollably invaded all social forms. The dominant medium of the nineteenth century, the newspaper, sustained its power at the beginning of the century. Moving pictures, or film, was born and started to form its own cult of followers. The entrance of radio and television also received a warm welcome…...
CommunicationCultureEffects Of Media On SocietyHuman NatureImportance Of Mass MediaSocial Media
Freedom of speech from the perspective of mass media, to what extend it has been practiced in Malaysia?
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Mass media are ways of communications (as newspapers, radio, or tv) that is created to reach the mass of the people1. Besides playing the function to inform individual with news, the media together with a sound legal system and an independent judiciary becomes part of a set of three that is vital for a well-functioning democracy2. In a democratic system of federal government, mass media is carrying out a number of vital functions. First, they serve on info or monitoring…...
Freedom Of SpeechImportance Of Mass Media
The mass media influence
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The mass media, including TV, radio, newspapers have a great influence on people and especially on the younger generation. It plays an important role in shaping the opinions and position of the younger generation. Argue for or against this statement. The peril from Mass media In the present, the younger generations are influenced by the mass media, including TV, radio, and newspapers. They think this is the model for them because in daily life is necessary for everyone therefore it…...
CommunicationImportance Of Mass MediaInfluence Of Mass Media
The Advantages and Disadvantages of Mass Media
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Mass media is one of the fastest medium of exchange of information which capture audience attention and interest, for example, television and radio is said to be the best Mass Media. A Mass Media to be effective must be accessible to the target audience and able to hold audience attention and interest. Therefore, this essay will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of Mass Media. The first advantage of mass media is peace and reconciliation. In the Northern Uganda there has…...
HealthImportance Of Mass MediaInfluence Of Mass Media
Mass media doesn’t tell you what to think, but it tells you what to think about
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Body 1 According to Stanley J. Baran’s (2002) definition of Agenda setting, it is a theory that argues that the media may not tell us what to think, but the media tells us what to think about. Since the media cannot tell us what to think, it cannot dictate ones’ opinion on a subject. An example of this is the subject of taxes. This issue is commonly discussed by the media, but it is up to the audience’s interpretation of…...
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There are three main forms of the mass media: print media, such as magazines, newspapers, books; electronic media, such as television and radio; and what is often termed “new age” media, which refers to internet access via mobile phones and computers (Tapscott, p. 1, 1996). Many may not realize it, but not only are they exposed to it, mass media is arguably an integral part of life for the vast majority (Schramm and Porter, 1982). Reading the newspaper, watching television, and checking social media accounts are all ways that we see and interact with mass media. These are the ways that we stay connected with family, friends, and our communities, and how we stay up to date with current events. Without mass media platforms to share what goes on in the political world, the general public would be largely in the dark. Relying almost entirely on these sources — which, it is important to note, are all run by people — has its negative effects. The media is capable of influencing public opinions and, therefore, voter agendas through agenda setting, priming, framing, yellow journalism, and advertisement.

Most, if not all, of what United States citizens know about the political world comes from what they see in the media (Schramm and Porter, 1982). With the rise of digital and social media, people can now receive and share information faster than ever. Americans rely on media for keeping up with local, state, and national politics. While it is possible to attend things, such as rallies or debates, in person, the vast majority of people watch them through their television, computer, or phone screens. Media outlets are the easiest and most readily available sources of information, and that is why people reply on them. However, the media does not always present information for what is and often purposefully attempts to sway their audience’s opinion.

One way that the media influences the public is through the use of a method called agenda setting. Those in a position of power, such as news stations, choose what information is broadcasted and to what degree. Agenda setting essentially tells the public what issues are important by determining how frequently they are shown (“Agenda Setting Theory”). According to a study conducted by Iowa State University student, Angela Caulk, this method was used in the 2016 presidential election to place more importance on a specific candidate, Donald Trump. “This study looked at 36 cable news broadcasts that equaled 285 segments in total. Of these segments, 48% of the coverage focused on Donald Trump and his campaign, while 19% focused on the race between Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders” (p. 16, 2016). It was nearly impossible to watch television or go online without seeing Trump’s face during the election. In giving him so much screen time, Donald Trump was the center of the election and at front of everyone’s minds.

Another method, similar to agenda setting according to Ewoldsen et. al., is priming. They are similar in that they both deal with what issues and events get covered; however, priming is more long term and goes a step further. By repeatedly exposing the public to certain things, the media can place importance on particular aspects of an issue. This ultimately influences how their audience makes judgements on and about the issue, while not directly telling them what to think (Ewoldsen, et al., 2002). This is at times accidental. In an article by Matthew Mendelsohn, he argues that it is the priming of electoral candidates’ character that causes vote instability during elections. The media often focuses on specific aspects of a candidate when reporting on them, such as trustworthiness, morality, compassion, and knowledge. While this may be unintentional, it is capable of swaying the public and has been shown to be the cause of inconsistent or continually changing opinions of candidates over the course of elections (p. 115-117). The media ultimately depicted the aspect of candidate character more salient than other aspects. This is a common occurrence. In the 2016 election in particular, Donald Trump’s morals were called into question quite frequently. It was then the question arose if supporting him in his candidacy, regardless of his stances on certain policies, was justifiable considering his depicted deplorable character (Gerson, 2018).

Framing is more direct than priming (“Framing Theory”). It is also referred to as second-level agenda setting. Framing not only places importance on a particular issue by presenting it more frequently than others, but also dictates how it is presented. By providing a “frame” of reference, the media can more directly influence how people think about a particular issue (“Framing Theory”). For example, following the decision of Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, there were very polarized opinions. An article posted to MSNBC.com says, “those invested in the symbiotic relationship between politicians and their biggest donors are using the aftermath of Citizens United as an excuse to weaken campaign finance laws even further. For the sake of our democracy, we can’t let that happen,” (Vandewalker, par. 1, 2010). Another article posted to Foxnews.com a two days later states, “The Supreme Court’s action in striking down the worst censorship provision of McCain-Feingold restores vital free speech protection in America. The First Amendment does not allow the government to silence its critics, and Thursday’s decision would make our Founding Fathers applaud…” (Klukowski, par. 1, 2010). The exact same topic was covered in both of these articles, however there is a clear difference in the way they were presented to their respective audiences.

Yellow journalism refers to stories put out by media sources often with attention-grabbing aspects, such as bold headlines, but little to no credibility. According to an article published by the U.S. Department of State, yellow journalism favors “sensationalism over facts.” An example, as well as its origin, was the feud between competing newspaper publishers Joseph Pulitzer and William Hearst in the 1890s. Their false reporting of the happenings in Cuba are often attributed to the start of the Spanish-American War (“U.S Diplomacy”). This showcases the dangers of false reporting and misinformation. Yellow journalism is more modernly referred to as fake news, which was popularized by president Donald Trump. However, the things that Trump calls into question are almost exclusively negative towards him, “The Fake News is working overtime. Just reported that, despite the tremendous success we are having with the economy & all things else, 91% of the Network News about me is negative (Fake). Why do we work so hard in working with the media when it is corrupt? Take away credentials?” (qtd. in Keith, 2018). In some ways, accusations such as his can be just as dangerous as false reporting. A person with as much power and influence as Trump making these accusations delegitimizes media sources he deems “fake” in the eyes of his followers regardless of their credibility. This results in closemindedness and ignorance.

The media also employs the use of advertisement. Advertisement is a public notice with the purpose of informing the public about a product, service, etc. (“Advertisement”). Advertisements often employ the before mentioned strategies, and therefore are capable of skewing their content a certain way in order to influence their audience. You often see commercials for mundane things, such as hair products or skincare, that use positive language, short slogans, vivid images, or even celebrity endorsement to make you want to buy their products. While this may not seem particularly relevant, these same tactics can be in political advertisements as well. President Lyndon B. Johnson’s television ad, “Daisy,” was so influential and now iconic that it is often credited with assuring his win over Barry Goldwater. It shows a young girl counting as she plucks the petals from a daisy. Once she reaches ten, a harsh male voice begins counting down. As the countdown reaches zero, you are faced with the stark image of a nuclear explosion (Mike, 2010). The ad was short but clear and persuasive despite never mentioning him by name: supporting Goldwater was dangerous. While Johnson was already leading in the election, “Daisy” is considered to have stamped any chance Goldwater might have had in overcoming him.

A more subtle way that advertising is capable of influencing the public is through targeting, or what most companies call “ad personalization.” This is a method used by companies and organizations like Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, Google, etc. that collects data about their users in order to provide ads that they might be interested in. Google users may go the Ad Settings page of their accounts and see how their ads are “personalized” via a list if supposed interests and communities. While some information is what you have given directly in your account, such as age or gender, most other things are based entirely off of assumptions. For example, categories such as “Politics,” “News,” and “Journalism & News Industry” appear in my list due to my recent searches for this paper. Facebook in particular assumes your political affiliation (Johnson, 2018). This means that people are more likely to be targeted by political propaganda of a certain kind. This can potentially be politically polarizing. Donald Trump used this tactic during the 2016 election. According to an article posted in The Guardian, “The Trump presidential campaign spent most of its digital advertising budget on Facebook, testing more than 50,000 ad variations each day in an attempt to micro-target voters, Trump’s digital director, Brad Parscale, told CBS’s 60 Minutes in an interview,” (Beckett, par. 1, 2017). In doing so, Trump was able to reach various smaller audiences with specific advertisements that would have been more expensive and less relevant had he shown them elsewhere.

Conclusion

In the current day and age when the general public relies almost entirely on the media to stay informed on things outside of their daily lives, it is exceedingly important to be aware of everything we see. It is evident that mass media is highly capable of influencing the public in many different ways. Common methods such as agenda setting, framing, priming, yellow journalism, and strategic use of advertisements are all ways that the media is capable of manipulating information. This is especially true during election cycles, because certain outlets are often vying for a certain political outcome. When considering politics and ultimately how you may vote, it is important to be well-rounded in your education. When taking in new information, consider what the agenda might be and the frame you may being viewing it through. Being unaware can lead to misinformed opinions and potentially result in harmful policies and people being put into power. With current technology, people can access information almost instantly and are often bombarded by it; there is no excuse for being unaware of current events. Only by staying informed can you make the best decisions for yourself and your communities when it comes to voting day.

FAQ about Importance Of Mass Media

‘the Mass Media Encourage People to Think About Themselves All the Time.’ to What Extent Is This True
...While we as ordinary individuals cannot do much to control the mass media, we can promote the awareness of mass media influence among those around us, and keep a look out whenever someone falls into the trap of pursuing self-interest so much that he ...
How Did Mass Media Influence Adolescents and Children in the Last Ten Years?
...Television tells children a particular candy bar will make them happy and, when parents refuse to allow it, the children see their parents as denying them this happiness. ” Strasburger says some of this work can be done in school. “We need to tea...
Freedom of speech from the perspective of mass media, to what extend it has been practiced in Malaysia?
...Butterworths Asia, 1997). 48. “The Officials Secrets (Amendment) Bill 1986: Why Are They Taking Away Our Rights?” 1986, 19.4 INSAF 1. 49. Tun Mohamed Suffian, ed., “The Constitution of Malaysia: Its Development: 1957-1977”, (Kuala Lumpur: Oxf...
Mass media doesn’t tell you what to think, but it tells you what to think about
...Furthermore, with the rise of television, radio, propaganda, and advertising, a counter argument may be created. The Hypodermic Needle Theory states that the mass media does tell you what to think. This theory suggests that the population is seen as ...
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